Unformatted text preview: Superior courts usually function at the county level. A judge, who rules on matters of law such as whether a piece of evidence is admissible, and a jury (if the defendant asks for a jury trial) ideally reach a decision on a case based on the evidence presented. Superior courts handle two types of cases: criminal cases and civil cases. Criminal cases involve nonviolent crimes, such as fraud, and violent crimes, such as murder, armed robbery, and rape. Many criminal cases do not come to trial because the defendant (the person charged with a crime) enters into a plea bargain, an agreement to plead guilty to a lesser charge in return for a reduced sentence. Prosecutors may agree to a plea bargain, which saves the judicial system time and money, because the original charge may be difficult to prove. Civil cases are disputes over property, money, contracts, or personal well-being (malpractice, libel,...
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- Spring '08
- insurance companies, criminal cases, Armed Robbery, rape.