The abortion issue

The abortion issue - life The Court has moved away from the...

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The abortion issue Until 1973, abortion was illegal in most states. In the landmark case  Roe v. Wade,  the  Supreme Court stated that a woman has a right to obtain an abortion because her  decision is a matter of privacy. This was not a blanket approval of abortion. In the first  trimester, the decision to abort is left to the woman and her doctor. States can restrict  but not ban abortions in the second trimester, and they are allowed to regulate or ban  abortions altogether in the third trimester (late-term abortions) unless the procedure is  necessary to save the woman's life. The case opened up numerous questions. What  rights, if any, does an unborn fetus have? At what point in the pregnancy can fetal rights  be assumed? Which is more important, the health of the mother or the fetus's right to 
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Unformatted text preview: life? The Court has moved away from the Roe decision in recent years and has supported additional limitations on abortions unless they impose an "undue burden" on a woman attempting to exercise her privacy rights. It has upheld both state and federal statutes cutting public funds for facilities that perform abortions as well as laws that require parent notification if a minor wants an abortion. In a recent decision, the Court upheld a federal ban on so-called "partial-birth" abortions. The conflict between right-to-life and pro-choice groups has sometimes led to violence, and religious and political conservatives strongly favor a constitutional amendment to ban abortions in light of the unwillingness of the Court to overturn Roe....
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