The Compromise of 1850

The Compromise of 1850 - Scott's claim, was...

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The Compromise of 1850 The territory that the United States acquired at the end of the Mexican War raised the issue of the  extension of slavery again. After considerable debate, Congress approved a series of laws known  collectively as the  Compromise of 1850,  which admitted California as a free state, ended the slave  trade in the District of Columbia, and organized the New Mexico and Utah territories with no  restrictions on slavery. The South won a fugitive slave law that made harboring an escaped slave a  federal crime.  The Dred Scott decision In the 1857 Dred Scott decision, the Supreme Court ruled that slaves must remain slaves even  though they reside in a free state. Chief Justice Roger B. Taney stated that African Americans were  never meant to be included in the term  citizen  in the Constitution and, therefore, had no rights under  the Constitution. Further, Taney declared that the Missouri Compromise, which was the basis for 
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Unformatted text preview: Scott's claim, was unconstitutional because it denied slave owners their property rights. The Emancipation Proclamation and the abolition of slavery The Civil War (1861-1865) began as a test of whether states could withdraw from the Union, but the goals of the North soon broadened to include abolishing slavery. On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln, using his war powers as commander in chief, issued the Emancipation Proclamation that freed the slaves in the rebel-held areas of the country. Technically, the proclamation did not free the slaves, but it had that effect, as thousands of slaves left Southern plantations. Slavery as an institution was not abolished until the end of the war with the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment (1865), which the Southern states were required to accept as a condition for readmission to the Union....
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