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The Declaration of Independence

The Declaration of Independence - right to abolish it and...

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The Declaration of Independence Written chiefly by Thomas Jefferson, the Declaration of Independence (adopted July 4,  1776, by the Second Continental Congress) provided the specific reasons for the break  with Great Britain. Its philosophical justification drew heavily from John Locke's  Two  Treatises of Government  (1690). Locke argued that people have  natural rights  — "Life,  Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness," in Jefferson's words — that cannot be taken  away. Governments, which get their power from the consent of the governed, are  created to protect these rights. When a government fails to do so, the people have a 
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Unformatted text preview: right to abolish it and create a new form of government. State constitutions The idea that the people were the source of power was also included in many of the new state constitutions. Having just rebelled against the king, most states severely limited executive power. The legislatures were supreme, and in many instances not only made the laws but also appointed the governors, judges, and other officials. Individual liberties were usually safeguarded. The state legislatures continued to enjoy considerable authority under the Articles of Confederation....
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