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The Structure of Political Parties

The Structure of Political Parties - voters The party...

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The Structure of Political Parties The major political parties are organized at the local (usually county), state, and national  levels. Party leaders and activists are involved in choosing people to run for office,  managing and financing campaigns, and developing positions and policies that appeal  to party constituents. The national party organizations play key roles in presidential  elections.  Local party organization Political parties operate at the local level in municipal and county elections (though  many cities choose officials — mayors and members of city council — through  nonpartisan elections,  in which candidates effectively run as independents without  party affiliation). In  partisan elections,  the party is involved in identifying candidates,  providing professional staff, and taking positions on issues of immediate concern to 
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Unformatted text preview: voters. The party leadership recognizes that the interaction between party workers, candidates, and voters is important. In the late 19th century on through a good part of the 20th century, political machines flourished in several large cities; Tammany Hall in New York, Frank Hague in Jersey City, the Pendergast family in Kansas City, and Richard Daley in Chicago are examples. The political bosses, the mayors, and the party leaders used their control of patronage jobs to reward party loyalty and provide a broad range of social services. Reforms in the civil service and the growth of primary elections gradually brought an end to machine politics....
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