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The Structure of the Mass Media and Government Regulation

The Structure of the Mass Media and Government Regulation -...

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The Structure of the Mass Media and Government Regulation For the most part, the mass media in the United States are privately owned. Public radio and public  television, which receive part of their revenues from the federal government through the Corporation  for Public Broadcasting (CPB), represent a comparatively small share of the market. Private  ownership ensures considerable, but not absolute, freedom from government oversight. It does raise  questions, however, about how the mass media operate.  Concentration in the mass media As a result of competition, increasing costs, and mergers, the number of newspapers in the United  States has dropped sharply. Many major cities are served by only one daily paper. In addition, the  number of independent newspapers has declined as chains such as Gannett purchase additional 
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Unformatted text preview: properties. At issue is whether concentration discourages diversity of opinion and ultimately leads to the management of the news by media corporations. The three major TV networks (ABC, CBS, and NBC) do not own their own affiliate stations, and they face real competition from new networks, such as Fox, as well as from a growing number of all-news and entertainment cable stations. The Telecommunications Act of 1996 was supposed to promote competition in the broadcast media. It eased the restrictions on the number of television stations a single company could own and lifted all limits on radio station ownership except to prevent control of a market or geographic area. The legislation led to more concentration in the industry....
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