It - factors than on environment In the 1970s Alexander...

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It’s Not All Maturation Maturation plays a much greater role in the development of early motor skills, such as crawling and walking, than in development of later motor skills, such as juggling or playing basketball. The development of later motor skills depends on genetic predisposition, exposure to good teachers, and social factors. Cultural differences also affect how quickly motor skills develop, although the timing and sequence of early motor skill development remains similar across all cultures. Example: In cultures where babies receive early training in sitting up, standing, and walking, they develop these skills earlier. Conversely, in other cultures, mothers carry babies most of the time, and babies develop these skills later. Temperament Some babies have fussy personalities, while others have chirpy or quiet natures. These differences result from temperament , the kind of personality features babies are born with. Researchers generally agree that temperament depends more on biological
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Unformatted text preview: factors than on environment. In the 1970s, Alexander Thomas and Stella Chess , two researchers who study temperament, described three basic types of temperament: easy, slow to warm up, and difficult. In their research, 40 percent of the children were easy, 15 percent were slow to warm up, and 10 percent were difficult. The remaining 35 percent of the children displayed a mixture of these temperaments: • Easy children tend to be happy and adapt easily to change. They have regular sleeping and eating patterns and don’t upset easily. • Slow-to-warm-up children tend to be less cheerful and less adaptable than easy children. They are cautious about new experiences. Their sleeping and eating patterns are less regular than those of easy children. • Difficult children tend to be glum and irritable, and they dislike change. Their eating and sleeping patterns are irregular....
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