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The Importance of the IRB Approval ProcessThe article by Balon et al. (2019) discusses the critical functions of the institutional Review Board (IRB) along with how process for applying for the IRB promotes learning, especially concerning the clarity of writing, formulation of research questions as well as ethical research requirements. The authors explain that the major role of the IRB approval process is to oversight research which includes ensuring that research is ethical and the welfare and rights of human research subjects are protected. The authors also state that the IRB also addresses safeguards along with associated issues including the informed consent process, protection of the confidentiality of participants, conflict of interest management, tracking and assessment of adverse outcomes and on-going scrutiny of adherence to research regulations. As highlighted by Balon et al. (2019) the IRB process also enables adherence to ascientific process in which new knowledge is acquired to bring a potential benefit to the