HIS 9 - Geneva - Geneva and Its Implications 4:22:00 AM...

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Geneva and Its Implications 03/02/2008 04:22:00 After Dien Bien Phu, Vietminh controlled 2/3 of Vietnam In was unrealistic to expect war would be settled apart from conflict First Indochina war settled at international conference in Geneva, Summer  1954 o Attended by US, Britain, France, USSR, PRC, Vietminh, State of  Vietnam o Purpose: to solve problem of restoring peace in Indochina  Outcome reflected diplomatic and potential military power o Objectives US: entered with great reluctance Couldn’t easily accept any loss of free Asia to  communists  Dulles: upset by participation of Communist China Only way he and Chinese negotiator would meet  is if their cars collided  Hoped proceedings would fail Declined to commit its forces to battle in Vietnam for  three reasons Although loss of territory of free Asia to  communism was unpopular, the prospect of  another Korea type ground war was even less  popular France was simply unwilling to do any more  fighting o Couldn’t supplement potential American  ground troops  By late June, the communist side had softened  position o A settlement less unfavorable seemed  more possible  o Communists had originally insisted on  unilateral, rapid withdrawal of French By June 1954, DRV was obliged to  accept a temporary territorial division  of Vietnam, and a comprehensive  internationally supervised settlement
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o US also compromised Salvage as much as possible of non- communist Indochina  Draw a line across Vietnam in the  middle US would take responsibility  for building anti-communist  regime south of that line US would take responsibility for  defending Laos and Cambodia  o In the end, US got what it wanted Refused to sign final declaration  Issued declaration that promised to refrain from the use of force  to disturb the Geneva settlement 
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2008 for the course HIST 218 taught by Professor Lieberman during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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HIS 9 - Geneva - Geneva and Its Implications 4:22:00 AM...

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