IDs - History 110 Final Exam Study Guide IDs...

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History 110 Final Exam Study Guide: IDs Donatism: (Donatism Controversy) Who: named after the Berber Christian Donatus Magnus What: rigorists – held that the church must be a church of saints, not sinners, and that sacraments, such as baptism, were invalid. Viewed themselves as the Church – the only one with valid sacraments. Where: Major conflict in North Africa When: 4 th Century Why: There was conflict with those who renounced Christianity and what should be done to them Significance: There was a major disagreement between Donatists and the rest of the early Christian Church the treatment of those who renounced their faith during the persecution under the Roman emperor Diocletian (303-305). Priests who rejected Christianity in order to survive became excommunicated, while others believed in forgiveness. Who is and who isn’t a genuine Christian? Council of Nicaea: Who: bishops from all parts of the Roman world What: the first assembly of bishops from all parts of the Roman world Where: Nicaea When: A.D. 325 Why: they were called to settle the controversy of Arius, an Alexandrian priest, who denied the complete divinity of Christ, one of the basic tenets of the church. Significance: They condemned Arius and ruled the God and Christ were of the same substance, coequal and coeternal. The position adopted at Nicaea became the basis of the Nicene Creed, which remains the official doctrine of the church. Augustine of Hippo: Who: Saint Augustine, Bishop of Hippo What: Augustine became the principal architect of the Christian outlook that succeeded a dying classicism Where: Roman Empire When: A.D. 354-430 Why: most important Christian theoretician in the Late Roman Empire Significance: What really mattered in history, said Augustine, was not the coming to be or the passing away of cities and empires, but the individual’s entrance into heaven or hell. Only a handful had the gift of faith and the promise of heaven (the City of God). Augustine’s distinction between the higher world of perfection and a lower world of corruption remained influential throughout the Middle Ages. For
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IDs - History 110 Final Exam Study Guide IDs...

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