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Machiavelli Notes

Machiavelli Notes - Machiavelli Notes Separation of...

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Machiavelli Notes Separation of politics and ethics o Politics must be considered in light of its practical consequences vs. lofty ideals Practical guide for ruling o Concise and easy to read for the purpose of being an instructional manual Dedicated to Medici o Says it is unworthy of his audience because it is so simple o Summary of the “understanding of the deeds of great men” o Wanted to achieve eminence as prince Says the he knows more as a common person about ruling than the rulers themselves because he can fully see the ruler in all respects The book is not meant for fellow scholars o Meant to advise, instruct, and influence the minds of rulers Chapter 1: The Kinds of Principalities and the Means by Which They Are Acquired o All states are either principalities or republics Principalities = either hereditary or new principalities By fortune or by strength a prince can acquire a new principality with his own army or with the arms of others Chapter 2: Hereditary Principalities o Methods to govern and maintain principalities o Easier to govern a hereditary state than a new principality for 2 main reasons Those under rule of a hereditary state are familiar with the Prince’s family and therefore accustomed to their rule The natural disposition of the subjects in the ruling family is to love the ruling family Chapter 3: Mixed Principalities o Maintaining a new principality is harder than maintaining a hereditary principality People will willingly trade a recently arrived ruler for another ruler hoping that he will be more adequate than the present ruler These high expectations will lead people to quickly raise arms against an unestablished Prince When a prince takes over another’s place, it is difficult to know how to treat the people Immediately after taking power the prince is in threat of losing his newly gained power It is easier to remain in control of a new principality if the people share the same customs as the prince’s own country
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People will live quietly and peacefully as long as their old ways of life are maintained Different languages and customs are more difficult to take up rule in Prince can move to new state – most effective o Address problems quickly and efficiently o Those who are good will have more reason to show allegiance and those who are bad will have more reason to fear him Establish colonies in new state A prince should only injure people if he knows there is not threat of revenge A prince who has occupied a state in a foreign country should dominate the neighboring states Weaken the strong states Make sure that no other strong foreign power invades neighboring territories o Weaker ones will side with the stronger ones as long as there is no possibility for them to be weak Must keep control of the whole country in order to keep control of the state he conquered Always act to solve problems before they manifest
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