HIS 1 - Vietnamese History

HIS 1 - Vietnamese History - Vietnamese History 1/7/2008...

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Vietnamese History 07/01/2008 10:10:00 American war strategists didn’t look into Vietnamese history, didn’t understand  social atmosphere Some argue that by August 1945, the anti-communist cause was lost in Vietnam.  Communism = Nationalism. ¼ lectures before exam China-Vietnam easy communication Vietnam was southern most province of China, then became independent but still  looked to China for guidance. Vietnam was Confucian just as was China, especially the educated.  “Confucius  is master, Chinese dynasties are my model.” Confucianism not a religion, a philosophy of political and social organization.  Sought to answer: “How do we promote good government, harmony in state and  society?” Answer: structure relationships between inferiors/superiors (son/father  peasant/official) Officials learned from ancient Confucian ideals to in turn teach those principles to  their inferiors.  Model of civilized behavior.  Those below them tried to imitate behavior.  Father imitated official.  Wife and son imitated father.  Younger brother imitated older  brother. Social harmony achieved through this process. Vietnam same system of government organization as China, same elitism.  Cultural model of China. Vietnam depended on China culturally, but was fiercely independent politically.  After Vietnam became independent in 1939, China repeatedly tried to reoccupy  Vietnam. “The Vietnamese are an indomitable people.” Vietnamese convinced that they were the most skillful, intelligent, adaptable  people in the world.  They had defeated the greatest military power in the world at least 
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2008 for the course HIST 218 taught by Professor Lieberman during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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HIS 1 - Vietnamese History - Vietnamese History 1/7/2008...

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