PUBH 1515 Public Health Week 1 Time Line Revisited

PUBH 1515 Public Health Week 1 Time Line Revisited - Week 1...

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Week 1 A Brief History of Public Health: Revised by John Taylor Thornhill; Jan. 2, 2007 *In every instance the editor has taken into consideration various sources and possible historical discrepancy in attempting to validate each of the historical events as they most closely coincide with the views currently accepted by historians and other scholars. Eastern and early Near Eastern Contributions to Medicine : (3000B.C.E.) Acupressure was used in China as recorded in point prescriptions found in ancient bone carvings [see Shiatsu; Wikipedia] (3000B.C.E.) A Sumerian tablet is written containing a dozen prescriptions and prescribes plant sources. [History of Horticulture] (2697-2596B.C.E.) Though no conclusive historical data is available most researchers trace the roots of modern acupuncture to the Chinese emperor Huang-Ti. (2630-2611 B.C.E.) Imhotep is credited as the founder of Egyptian medicine, and as author of the Edwin Smith papyrus, detailing cures, ailments and anatomical observations. The Edwin Smith Papyrus was probably written around 1700 BC but may perhaps go back to texts written around 1000 years earlier. [From Wikipedia] (1760 B.C.E.) The Code of Hammurabi rules Babylon's doctors. It specifies fees “between two and ten shekels for successful surgery” and malpractice consequences (an unsuccessful surgeon will have his hands cut off). (538 B.C.E.) In the Torah (Pentateuch) called Leviticus; the Hebrews formulated the first written hygienic code for the safeguard of the public. This is considered by some to be the greatest historical contribution to our written code of public health. [Date taken from the New Oxford Annotated Bible] *See below attached excerpts from Leviticus Hellenistic Contributions to Medicine: (535 B.C.E) Greek physician dissects cadavers and establishes brain as center of intellect. (524 B.C.E.) Asclepius is named the God of healing in Greece. The staff and holy snake become medical symbols of this century. (522 B.C.E.) First medical school is founded in Athens, Greece. (460 B.C.E.) Hippocrates notes relationship between diet and health. Hippocratic Corpus as recorded in Alexandria, Egypt (cultural center of western civilization) includes detailed descriptions of spinal manipulative methods. Hippocratic Oath is developed and written by Pythagorean . (300 B.C.E.) Greek physician claims organs develop with exercise and weaken when not used. Hellenistic Influences on Public Health:
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-Greek statues depict individuals with a high degree of physical “perfection”. -First to regard disease as essentially natural rather than supernatural. -Diet are advised to be important above all else. -High level of medicine (not allopathic). -Development of a Democratic society.
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PUBH 1515 Public Health Week 1 Time Line Revisited - Week 1...

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