PUBH 1515 Public Health Week 2 Chapter 2

PUBH 1515 Public Health Week 2 Chapter 2 - Denitions...

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Defnitions Concerning Public Health Attack Rate = The proportion of individuals in a given population which develop a disease during a speciFc time period. Bacteriostatic = Preventing the growth of bacteria. Bactericidal = Causing the death of live bacteria. Carrier = Someone who can carry and transmit a disease to another person, but who is not experiencing any symptoms. Cluster = A group of individuals with a speciFc disease which are very similar in their time and place of occurrence or both. Etiology = The speciFc cause of a disease in a population. Endemic = The average or normal number of cases of a disease in a certain population. Epidemic = The level of disease in a certain population that exceeds the endemic level. Exposure = To contact or possess a characteristic which is believed to in±uence the risk of acquiring a speciFc disease. Fomite = An inanimate object that may carry a pathogen (towel, underwear), Immunity = Resistance to disease. 1.
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PUBH 1515 Public Health Week 2 Chapter 2 - Denitions...

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