PUBH 1515 Public Health Week 5 Chapter 6

PUBH 1515 Public Health Week 5 Chapter 6 - Chapter 6...

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Chapter 6 Injuries • The term injury comes from the Latin term in juris meaning "not right". • An injury is some type of physical damage to an individual as the result of coming into contact with a physical or chemical agent at a rate greater than the individual's body can tolerate. • Injury and trauma are synonymous. • Ergonomics (human factor) focuses on the capabilities of an individual and the environmental and task demands placed on that individual. • A risk factor is an attribute or some type of determinant which is associated with an increased probability of an apparent outcome or condition. • Males are more proven to violent behavior and have an increased risk of injury than females. • Blacks have a higher rate of homicide and a lower rate of suicide than whites. • The use of alcohol increases the risk of injury. 1. Approximately 41% of all motor vehicle fatalities are alcohol related. 2. One alcohol related fatality occurs every 30 minutes 3. Approximately 1.4 million drivers were arrested in 1994 for driving under the influence of alcohol or narcotics. This is an arrest rate of 1 in every 127 licensed U.S. drivers. 4. Most states use a blood alcohol concentration of. 10 g/dl as impaired for driving. 5. Five states use a blood alcohol concentration of .08 g/dl as impaired for driving. • Taking prescription medications or illegal drugs increase the risk of injuries.
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PUBH 1515 Public Health Week 5 Chapter 6 - Chapter 6...

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