L1.1 - Introduction (Jul-8)

L1.1 - Introduction (Jul-8) - What is an error...

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Psychology C120: Lecture 1.1 — Course Overview What is an error? ! Major focus in field on errors... ! For their own sake ! To reveal insights into process ! Requires definition of what ʼ s right ! Three kinds of criteria ! Correspondence ! Coherence ! Pragmatic 53 Psychology C120: Lecture 1.1 — Course Overview Correspondence Criteria ! Process is correct if answers correspond to objective, external truth 54 = truth Psychology C120: Lecture 1.1 — Course Overview Coherence Criteria ! Process is correct if ! Answers follow logically from assumptions/ perceptions, or ! Answers are consistent with each other 55 < Q: Which line would be better for reaching high shelves? A: The right one < < < Psychology C120: Lecture 1.1 — Course Overview Pragmatic Criteria ! Process is “correct” if it achieves useful results in real-world conditions ! The M-L illusion is a rare mistake due to a perceptual heuristic that is right in practice 56
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Psychology C120: Lecture 1.1 — Course Overview Mind as Computer ! Computational metaphor helps understand cognition ! Not
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