L1.3 - Language (Jul-13) - Syntax Syntax and Meaning S !...

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Psychology C120: Lecture 1.3 — Language Syntax ! Sentences diagrams show syntax. 18 The dog runs fast. S NP D N V AV VP Psychology C120: Lecture 1.3 — Language Syntax and Meaning 19 Dealers hear car talk. S S V S N NP VP V N NP VP V NP A N VP N NP Psychology C120: Lecture 1.3 — Language Caplan (1972) ! Ps hear sentences, asked for probe word. ! Manipulate whether word before/after clause boundary. ! If syntax irrelevant, expect same RT. ! Instead, Fnd faster RT for second form. 20 When the granite blocks are very big , cranes lift them. When the granite blocks are raised, big , cranes lift them. Psychology C120: Lecture 1.3 — Language Phonology and Morphology ! Is pronunciation rule-based? ! About 40 phonemes, 50,000 morphemes ! Irregular cases: dogs vs. cats ! Consistent non-word pluralization (loap, plur) ! Simple analogy fails (loap vs. loaf) ! Children ʼ s mistakes in pluralization rule out vocal constraints (you can say loafs) ! Rules can be formed 21
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Psychology C120: Lecture 1.3 — Language Interactions ! Contractions show impact of syntax on
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L1.3 - Language (Jul-13) - Syntax Syntax and Meaning S !...

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