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L2.1 - Memory Overview (Jul-20)

L2.1 - Memory Overview (Jul-20) - Particularly Relevant...

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Psychology C120: Lecture 2.1 — Memory Overview Psychology C120: Lecture 2.1 Memory Overview Prologue STM: Way Station and Beyond LTM: Encoding and Retrieval LTM: Storage and Interference 1 Psychology C120: Lecture 2.1 — Memory Overview Particularly Relevant Today ! Methods: How can we study cognitive processes without directly observing what the brain is doing? ! How do we make objective inferences about people's internal mental processes? ! Performance: How good are we at the cognitive tasks that we undertake? ! What are the limits of our cognitive capacity? ! Information processing in context 2 Psychology C120: Lecture 2.1 — Memory Overview Questions to Consider ! How is memory like and unlike a giant hard drive? ! What is our short-term memory for, and how is it structured? ! How do we improve our ability to learn and recall things? ! What happens when we forget? 3 Psychology C120: Lecture 2.1 — Memory Overview Psychology C120: Lecture 2.1 Memory Overview Prologue STM: Way Station and Beyond LTM: Encoding and Retrieval LTM: Storage and Interference 4
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Psychology C120: Lecture 2.1 — Memory Overview Where We Are ! Unit 1 ended with getting information into the brain ! Unit 2 looks at how we retain and manipulate it ! Topic: Memory and Mental Representation ! Memory (Chapter 5–7) — including rep. in memory ! Mental Imagery (Chapter 8) — remembering and reasoning with pictures ! Concepts and Categories (Chapter 10) — remembering and reasoning with concepts ! Final two chapters segues into Unit 3: Thinking and Reasoning 5 Psychology C120: Lecture 2.1 — Memory Overview Mental Representations ! Representations ! What do we keep? What do we throw out? ! What is easy? What is hard? ! Recall: feature, structural, and template- matching theories of object recognition ! With memory... ! What do we need to remember, and when? ! What is easy to recall, and why? ! What representations support this need? 6 Psychology C120: Lecture 2.1 — Memory Overview Memory in the Wild ! Purposes of memory... ! Identify what we see and where we are ! Make useful predictions about it ! Maintain a sense of self (and others) ! Non-purposes of memory... ! Remember everything we encounter ! Remember every specific case ! Remember every detail !
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