L2.1 - Memory Overview (Jul-22)

L2.1 - Memory Overview (Jul-22) - Context Effects Retrieval...

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Psychology C120: Lecture 2.1 — Memory Overview Context Effects ! Learning encodes relevant knowledge, and irrelevant knowledge (context) ! Context effect — better recall due to similarity of encoding and retrieval contexts ! State dependent recall — mood (especially) encoded as part of context ! Leads to better recall of happy memories when happy, sad memories when sad ! Effectiveness of spaced repetitions may be due to variety of available context cues 32 Psychology C120: Lecture 2.1 — Memory Overview Retrieval Plans ! Recalling information easier with orderly sequence of cues ! Method of Loci — memorize by pairing items with landmarks on a familiar route ! Exercise: What ʼ s your plan? Replicate Williams and Hollan (1981) by recalling people at your high school, recording retrieval plan 33 milk eggs butter cheese Psychology C120: Lecture 2.1 — Memory Overview Take-Aways ! Take-Away 1: Memory is for Meaning ! Take-Away 2: Cues Matter
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This note was uploaded on 11/19/2011 for the course PSYCH 120 taught by Professor Hald during the Summer '09 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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L2.1 - Memory Overview (Jul-22) - Context Effects Retrieval...

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