Kuwait Slides - Kuwait Geography of Kuwait GEOG101...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Kuwait Geography of Kuwait GEOG101 Professor Loretta LeMay
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Click icon to add picture State of Kuwait Ø Total Area: Ø 17,820 sq km (6,880 sq mi) Ø Population: Ø 3,520,000 including approximately 1.06 million Kuwaiti citizens, 2.36 million non-Kuwaiti nationals, and 100,000 stateless persons. (2009 est.) Ø Capital Ø Kuwait City Ø Ethnicity/Race: Ø Kuwaiti 45%, other Arab 35%, South Asian 9%, Iranian 4%, other 7%
Background image of page 2
Click icon to add picture Kuwait History v 1600s - North-east portion of Arabian peninsula becomes part of the Turkish Ottoman empire. v 1899 - Fearing direct rule from Turkey, Sheikh Mubarak "the Great" strikes a deal with Britain and Kuwait becomes a protectorate. Britain provides naval protection in return for Kuwait allowing London to control its foreign affairs. v 1961 June - Kuwait becomes independent with the end of the British protectorate; the sheikh becomes an emir. The country joins the Arab League. Iraq renews claims that Kuwait is part of its territory but backs down after British military intervention. v 1980 - Iran-Iraq war: Kuwait supports Iraq strategically and financially. v 1990 August - Iraq invades and then annexes Kuwait. The emir and cabinet flee to Saudi Arabia. v 1994 - Iraq officially recognizes Kuwait's independence and the UN- demarcated borders following UN pressure and Russian mediation. v 2003 March - Tens of thousands of soldiers converge on the Kuwait-Iraq border for a US-led military campaign to disarm and oust Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein. v 2007 March - The government resigns in a move aimed at thwarting a no- confidence motion against the health minister. The new cabinet includes two women. v 2011 March - Hundreds of young people demonstrate for reform, inspired
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Click icon to add picture Cost of Conflict Ø The Saud family moved to exile in Kuwait when the Ottoman Empire conquered much of Arabia. Ø The boundary between Iraq and Kuwait was defined. Ø The Kuwait Investment Authority (KIA) was founded as the world’s first sovereign wealth fund. In 2008 its assets were estimated at $200 billion. Ø Kuwait regained complete independence from Britain along with Qatar, Bahrain Ø In Kuwait the official Souk al-Manakh (camel market) collapsed erasing $94 billion in paper wealth overnight. The crash prompted a recession that rippled through society as individual families were disrupted by the investment risks of particular members made on family credit. Ø Kuwait’s sovereign wealth fund bought over 20% of British Petroleum, but the deal was opposed by PM Margaret Thatcher. This forced the Kuwaitis so sell over half their stake. Ø President Bush declared that “Kuwait is liberated, Iraq’s army is defeated,” and announced that the allies would suspend combat operations at midnight. General H. Norman Schwarzkopf, the US commander in the Gulf, briefed reporters in detail on the successful allied offensive. Coalition forces liberated Kuwait after seven months of occupation by the Iraqi army.
Background image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 11/19/2011 for the course GEOG 101 taught by Professor Lamay during the Spring '11 term at American Public University.

Page1 / 17

Kuwait Slides - Kuwait Geography of Kuwait GEOG101...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online