CEP Study Guide Exam 1 Answers

CEP Study Guide Exam 1 Answers - CEPStudyGuideExam1Answers...

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CEP Study Guide Exam 1 Answers 3a) three major simultaneous changes in drug use : 1) the social and psychological basis of the attraction to a particular drug can be explained as feeling rewarded or satisfied from social pressures that have become postponed, momentarily rectified, or neutralized and defined as nonproblematic. 2) Pharmacologically, the use of such a drug alters body chemistry largely by interfering with (affecting) its proper (homeostatic) functioning. Drugs enhance, slow down, or distort the reception and transmission of reality. 3) the desire may satisfy and inborn or genetically programmed need or desire. 3b) Pharmacological Factors: How does a drug affect the body? How do drug ingredients interact with the body and the nervous system? 3c) Cultural Factors: How do societal views, determined by custom and tradition, affect our initial approach to drug use? 3d) Social Factors: What are the specific reasons why a drug is taken (curing an illness, self-medicating, peer pressure, family upbringing, membership in drug-abusing subcultures, etc)? Peer pressure, stress etc 3e) Contextual Factors: How do physical surroundings (rock concerts, nightclubs, or fraternity and sorority parties) affect drug use? Tailgating, weddings, bars 4) Age Patterns: 18–20 age category report the most illicit drug use. Native American /Alaska Native 13.7%. Males were more likely than females among persons age 12 or older to be current illicit drug users. The rate of past-month marijuana use for males was about twice as high for males as the rate for females. Education: College graduates (5.9%) had the lowest rate of current use, while those who did not complete high school (9.2%) had the highest use of illicit drugs. Employment: Unemployed persons (18.5%) have a greater tendency to use more illicit-types of drugs than people gainfully employed (8.8% full-time and 9.4% part-time workers). Geography: The rate of illicit drug use is highest in large metropolitan areas for the general population than the rate in non-metropolitan counties. Criminal Justice: 33% of state prisoners and 25% of federal prisoners reported that they had committed their offenses while under the influence of drugs. 5) Major types of commonly abused drugs : Alcohol (ethanol), Nicotine (all forms of tobacco), Stimulants (Amphetamines, Cocaine, Crack, Caffeine, and Nicotine), Hallucinogens/Psychedelics (LSD, Mescaline, Peyote, Psilocybin (“magic mushrooms”), Depressants (Barbiturates, Benzodiazepines, Valium, and Alcohol) 6) Erich Goode’s Four Types of Drug Use: Legal instrumental use —taking prescribed drugs or OTC drugs to relieve or treat mental or physical symptoms, Legal recreational use —using licit drugs like tobacco, alcohol, and caffeine to achieve a certain mental state , Illegal instrumental use —taking non-prescribed drugs to achieve a task or goal, Illegal recreational use —taking illicit drugs for fun or pleasure 8) Three types of drug users : 1) Experimenters
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2011 for the course CEP 261 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '08 term at Michigan State University.

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CEP Study Guide Exam 1 Answers - CEPStudyGuideExam1Answers...

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