The Quran within itself is a miracle sent down from Allah

The Quran within itself is a miracle sent down from Allah -...

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(intro of Quran) The Quran within itself is a miracle sent down from Allah. Allah has chosen the responsibility of preserving the text. For the Muslims, Quran plays a vital role in their day to day lives as they reflect on the text for spirituality and guidance. 51- “Is it not sufficient for them that We have sent down to you the Book being read to them? It is indeed a grace and reminder for people who believe.” 29-The Spider, 51. It is vital to note that through historical and religious perspectives, it becomes apparent that the Quran was not gathered as a text all at once rather; for the most part it was more orally passed. From a religious and historical perspective it is essential to understand the fundamentals of the complication of the Quran and to see its significance. At the same time, for the Muslims it is insightful to understand its uniqueness and its challenges. The Sira, or the biography of the prophet, has conformity with the Quran and it serves as a exegetical tool to explore the context of the Quran. The Sira is vital to understand the verses of the Quran and provides for the audience of the background of the verses and how it sheds light on it. After the death of the prophet After the death of Muhammad, the text of the Qur'an was written down in the caliphate of Abu Bakr . Until 'Uthman, one and only one written text existed. For more than a decade after the death of Muhammad, the Qur'an remained primarily an oral text in the memories of the faithful. In Islamic accounts of the history of the Qur'an , this oral text was entirely faithful to the original verses — this is entirely possible, but Western historians generally agree that some corruptions must have produced slight variations throughout the Islamic world. Nevertheless, the military expansion of Islam led to two direct consequences concerning the integrity of the Quranic text. First, large numbers of the faithful were dying out in the various military expeditions. Each time someone died who had the Quranic text memorized, that meant that one copy of the Qur'an disappeared forever. Second, the expansion of Islam swelled the ranks of the faithful. Many of these new converts spoke other langagues and the original Arabic of the Qur'an began to corrupt. Faced with these two threats to the integrity of the Qur'an , 'Uthman orderd a rescension of the text to be made and to serve as the definitive written version of the text. A rescension is a version of a text that is assembled from all the variant versions of that text. 'Uthman, however, relied on two sources: the written text that had been ordered by Abu Bakr and that still existed, and the various oral texts of Muslims who memorized it during the lifetime of Muhammad. In Islamic history, there is no variation between these two sources, so the Uthmanic "rescension" is largely a codifying of a single version of a text. This version, the 'Uthmanic rescension , is the version of the Qur'an that has remained, unchanged, the
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This note was uploaded on 11/19/2011 for the course ISLAM 326 taught by Professor Jawidmojjeddi during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

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The Quran within itself is a miracle sent down from Allah -...

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