functional group

functional group - Chemical class Group Alkane Alkyl...

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Chemical class Group Formula Structural Formula Prefix Suffix Example Alkane Alkyl RH alkyl- -ane
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Ethane Alkene Alkenyl R 2 C=CR 2 alkenyl- -ene Ethylene (Ethene) Alkyne Alkynyl RC≡CR' alkynyl- -yne Acetylene (Ethyne) Benzene derivative Phenyl RC 6 H 5 RPh phenyl- -benzene Cumene (2-phenylpropane) Toluene derivative Benzyl RCH 2 C 6 H 5 RBn benzyl- 1- ( substituent )tolue ne Benzyl bromide (1-Bromotoluene) haloalkane halo RX halo- alkyl halide Chloroethane (Ethyl chloride) fluoroalkane fluoro RF fluoro- alkyl fluoride Fluoromethane
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(Methyl fluoride) chloroalkane chloro RCl chloro- alkyl chloride Chloromethane (Methyl chloride) bromoalkane bromo RBr bromo- alkyl bromide Bromomethane (Methyl bromide) iodoalkane iodo RI iodo- alkyl iodide Iodomethane (Methyl iodide) Acyl halide Haloformy l RCOX haloformyl - -oyl halide Acetyl chloride (Ethanoyl chloride) Alcohol Hydroxyl ROH hydroxy- -ol Methanol Ketone Carbonyl RCOR' keto-, oxo- -one
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Methyl ethyl ketone (Butanone) Aldehyde Aldehyde RCHO aldo- -al
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functional group - Chemical class Group Alkane Alkyl...

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