Penitentiary Ideal and Models of American Prison

Penitentiary Ideal and Models of American Prison -...

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Penitentiary Ideal and Models of American Prison 1 Penitentiary Ideal and Models of American Prison CJS / 230
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Penitentiary Ideal and Models of American Prison 2 The American penitentiary evolved as an alternative punishment that had been known throughout the 1800s. The idea of incarceration was considered to be more humane than the previous resolutions to crime. Social and religious aspects became the forefront for the ideal of penitentiary existence. The reform to the penitentiary ideal of punishment established a somewhat trial by error experience. Different models were developed in search of the appropriate style and acceptance from society. Society had grown into a more civilized environment and many demanded more humane treatment. The question arose, how does American society create appropriate punishment, humane conditions, and still focus on the protection of its citizens? Penitentiaries were considered a more humane and productive approach to punishing criminals. The ideals of a penitentiary were supposed to focus on both societal and religious aspects. “It was supposed to be a place of humane punishment as opposed to the physical punishments still prevalent in Western societies.” (Foster, 2006, p. 22). The conditions were to establish a cleaner and more livable environment than previous jails had been known for. Strict rules were to be enforced and prisoners were to be productive as well as isolated from one another. The penitentiary ideal was to instill better habits
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This note was uploaded on 11/19/2011 for the course CRIM JUSTI CJS 230 taught by Professor None during the Winter '11 term at University of Phoenix.

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Penitentiary Ideal and Models of American Prison -...

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