State and Federal Prison Systems

State and Federal Prison Systems - State and Federal Prison...

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State and Federal Prison Systems 1 State and Federal Prison Systems CJS / 230
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State and Federal Prison Systems 2 State prisons are the evolution of early penitentiaries designed to confine criminals serving sentences of more than one year. Federal prisons are a further evolution designed to house inmates convicted of federal crimes. Although state and federal prisons have expanded throughout history, overcrowding continues to plague the corrections system. Legislators along with correction system officials have contributed efforts to improve prisons and solve problems of exponential growth throughout the history of American correction systems. “Most states started their prison systems with one institution, a penitentiary based on the Auburn model, and then expanded the system by building additional prisons as the population increased and the need for special purpose facilities (such as those for women, younger offenders, or drug addicts) was accepted.” (Foster, 2006, p. 123). State prisons are facilities operated by state governments to house inmates convicted of felonies. Many states operate multilevel prisons that provide different levels of security ranging from minimum to medium. Consolidating prisoners has become prevalent for
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State and Federal Prison Systems - State and Federal Prison...

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