Week 4 check point David Griffin

Week 4 check point David Griffin - the behavior is followed...

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David Griffin BEH 225 Debbie Pearce Barvo Axia College University of Phoenix Burrhus Frederic Skinner was listed as the most influential psychologist of the 20 th century. Skinner had some profound research and contributions to psychology and the studies of operant conditioning, punishment, reinforcement, and superstitious behavior. He invented what is known as the Skinner box or operant conditioning chamber. B. F. Skinner’s entire system is based on operant conditioning. The organism is in the process of “operating” on the environment, which in ordinary terms means it is bouncing around its world, doing what it does. During this “operating,” the organism encounters a special kind of stimulus, called a reinforcing stimulus, or simply a reinforcer. This special stimulus has the effect of increasing the operant -- that is, the behavior occurring just before the reinforcer. This is operant conditioning:
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Unformatted text preview: the behavior is followed by a consequence, and the nature of the consequence modifies the organisms tendency to repeat the behavior in the future. Skinner’s thinking on punishment is that when you take something away that is looked as important to the individual to stop them from doing something negative, it is more likely that they will not do it again. This is called negative reinforcement. When it comes to superstitious behavior, Skinner did an experiment where he took a pigeon in a cage with a food hopper and at random intervals; he would drop food in the hopper. The bird would then start to repeat what it was doing right before the food would come out; thinking that that was what caused it to come out. Another example would be that some natives believe that they can cause it to rain with a dance because it has happened once or twice when doing that particular dance....
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This note was uploaded on 11/19/2011 for the course BEH 225 taught by Professor Mrking during the Spring '09 term at University of Phoenix.

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