Practice Test - Part I: TRUE/FALSE (One Point Each)...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 4
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 6
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 8
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Part I: TRUE/FALSE (One Point Each) Directions: This section consists of statements that are either TRUE or FALSE. On the computer answer sheet, fill in "A" for TRUE and "B" for FALSE. Each response is true or false based on the entire question (1 point each). A. Okwonkwo and his family moved to the United States from a poor, African village when he was 4 years old. While in Africa, his typical diet consisted almost exclusively of as much corn meal as he could eat. When he arrived in the United States, little red-headed Okwonkwo appeared to have a pot-belly and pudgy feet. Are the follow statements about Okwonkwo - upon his arrival in the United States - true or false? WNQE‘PP’N!‘ 9. 10. 11. Okwonkwo became a well-nourished child who was engaged with his environment. He went to a Head-Start Program and a school that provided breakfast. Are the following statements about Okwonkwo true or false. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. Okwonkwo was probably suffering from Marasmus. (F) Kwa‘h'oflmr He probably had elevated levels of albumin in his blood. (F) He probably had suffered from low levels of hemoglobin. (F) He probably was infected with intestinal worms. (T) Excessive fluid had collected in the capillaries in his feet. (F) His blood levels of VLDL were probably elevated. (F) He was probably shorter than most US boys his age. (T) He probably had less immunological defense against measles than his six month old, breast fed brother. (T) Because his African diet lacked an essential amino acid, Okwonkwo’s body produced abnormal proteins. (F) The corn in his African diet probably supplied his body with enough niacin to meet his needs. (F) His African diet probably stimulated the red pigment for his hair. (F) His brain probably will be smaller than the brains of other children his age who were never malnourished. (T) He probably will have diminished intellectual ability throughout his life because of his previous diet in Africa. (F) He probably always will have increased emotional reactivity in stressful situations. (T) Skipping breakfast before taking a test of spatial memory will have no effect on his performance on the test. (F) School attendance is improved when school breakfasts are provided. (T) It is likely that Okwonkwo’s income as an adult will be enhanced because he attended the Head-Start Program. (T) **TEST CONTINUES ** Rem‘n (Kidney) /‘ Anaiokflsih / l Dr. Salty, the world—renowned hypertension specialist, reviewed the literature on blood pressure. Are the following statements true or false? 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. As calcium intakes decrease, the incidence of high blood pressure increases. (T) Alcohol intake of more than 3 ounces per day decreases the incidence of hypertension. (F) (M: REASES Increased fiber intake is associated with increases in the incidence of hypertension. ' (F) want 10 increase frm'tr/qul‘“ 1» decrease HWY 4 “WNW N'isk HflV On average, individuals who reside in rural areas have higher blood pressures than people who live in cities. (F) cnowpuvc, in urban M45 a mature Ii-r/V Frequent headaches are a symptom of hypertension. (F) Hypertension occurs when aldosterone secretion is over-stimulated. (F) Using Ephedra to lose weight increases the risk of developing hypertension. (T) In the United States, increased salt intake was found to increase the incidence of hypertension. (F) N0 COW? “1+th Weight loss reduces blood pressure. (T) Most adults in the United States will experience increases in blood pressure for two days after ingesting a high salt meal. (F) liver wi ll react ‘50 “We? ’Cfium tL/lfi TIME Mr. Sode E. Yum wanted to learn more about sodium and blood pressure so he consulted Dr. Levitsky. Are the following statements true or false? 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. In nations in which there is high consumption of processed foods, most individuals can control less than half of their total sodium intake. (T) 75 ’l« or «1+ comes from P""‘$“’/ Studies that compare intakes between countries have shown a significant correlation between sodium intake and blood pressure. (T) HH' ho+ W/m comm Mr. Yum is likely to lose weight on a low sodium diet. (T) t [[4 die} .- mum m MPH” : reduca As the amount of sodium in blood increases, the osmotic pressure of the blood also increases. (T) 4L sodium - H10 flick/.5 The liver removes excess sodium from the body. (F) Kiamtfl Without renin, blood vessels will not constrict when blood pressure drops below normal. (T) A healthy kidney responds to low blood pressure by increasing the excretion of sodium. (F) " “‘fim” As the concentration of sodium in the blood increases, the kidneys excrete increasing amounts ofwater. (F) “5 N93" in blood increases So does wa+€r 4'9 ‘ Jamil-+4435 . . “Emmi-on 0+ W'W'maeh +0 anfofin El“ ' ' **TEST CONTINUES ** clumps ml+ 0601“ W in an hour‘orm foods we mien Mo m Mum g_ .._—7 Aides-Krone —+ Increase mabsorpfi‘on oF/Va. XI (adrenal gland—C) 198.? Rs: #4, - 1 [V4, in 51904 \ increase blood PM 3 ~ “szom blow] a 7‘BP / 3 WW vasownsfrl‘bflm Sally is trying to convince her fiiend that the DRIs are a better standard than the RDA. Which of the following are true statements that Sally can make? Which are false? 36. 37. . 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. The RDA covers the nutrient requirements of more than 95% of the American population. (T) The EAR’s are the maximum levels of daily intake for certain nutrients that are unlikely to pose severe health risks to Americans. (F) The. DRI's are meant to be nutrient amounts that avoid bo_th chronic diseases (e. g. CHD and cancer) and nutrient deficiencies. (T) Instead of a- multiple values, the DRI provides one standard, which takes into account a safety factor. (F) AI’s are established when there are insufficient scientific data to set RDA’s. (T) Al’s are based on intakes of healthy populations. (T) The DRI’s are better than the RDA’s because the DRI’s are independent of political and economic influence. (F) DRI’s are used to determine what is served in school lunch programs. (T) Which of the following statements comparing Meal 1 and Meal 2 are true and which are false? . ' 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. Meal 1: A cheeseburger, French fi'ies, apple pie and milkshake. Meal 2: Bean salad, brown rice, broccoli stir-fry, and skim milk. Meal 1 contains complete protein. (T) Meal 2 contains complete protein. (T) The absorption of calcium from the milkshake in Meal 1 will be diminished by the high fat content. (F) Fewer carcinogenic products will be formed by consuming Meal 2 - compared to Meal 1. (T) Once the meals reach the colon, Meal 1 will move more quickly than Meal 2. (F) More bile will be reabsorbed after eating Meal 1 — compared to Meal 2. (T) The form of iron found in Meal 2 is better absorbed than the form of iron found in Meal 1. (F) If one eats the same volume of both meals, Meal 1 will provide more calories than Meal 2. (T) **TEST CONTINUES ** G. Will has constipation and a common cold. Grace is a diabetic. Will and Grace went out to eat at the Ivy Room. Below are copies of their cash register receipts, which indicate what each person ate. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. WILL e Ivy Room ulgar (whole wheat) . d Kidney Bean Salad egetable Soup ofu (Teriyaki) :ottled Water Are the following statements trueor false? If Will had chosen chicken soup, it actually may have contained a substance that could destroy the cold virus. (F) The protein in Grace’s meal puts her at greater risk of getting colon cancer than the protein in Will’s meal. (T) Components of both meals will slow gastric emptying. (T) Grace’s meal contains a stronger stimulus for CCK production than Will’s meal. (T) Will’s salad will probably make his constipation worse. (F) Eating Will’s salad could have relieved some of Grace’s diabetic symptoms. (T) Exercise will help Grace control her diabetes. (T) If Grace controls her diabetes she will reduce her risk of developing atherosclerosis. (T) Eating Will's salad might help Grace decrease the cholesterol in her body. (T) Had Grace eaten Will’s meal instead of hers, her HDL level would have been quite different. (F) If Grace had chosen boiled chicken instead of fried chicken, she would have lowered her risk of cancer. (T) Grace’s high cholesterol meal will reduce the amount of cholesterol her body produces. (T) Had Grace eaten Will’s soy tofu, her risk of breast cancer may decrease. (T) Studies have shown that taking vitamin C supplements will open Will’s blocked nasal passages. (F) Studies have confirmed Echinacea’s ability to enhance immune fimction. (F) A cup of hot (black) tea will dilate Will’s bronchial tubes. (T) If Will has a fever, a substance derived from Willow Bark will efi'ectively lower it. (T) **TEST CONTINUES ** Your best fiiend, Vita Mine, is studying for her NS] 15 final and is confused about some micronutrients. She presents you with the following statements? Are the following statements about vitamins true or false? / shell 0+ rice has Thiamin 69. The refinement process removes Thiamin (Bl) from brown rice. (T) 70. Vitamin E protects cell membranes from oxidation. (T) “WWH‘M' 71. Broccoli is a good source of vitamin A. (T) 72., A child living in smoggy Los Angeles who averages about an hour of playing outside in the day is at greater risk of developing bone deformities than a child living sunny Miami who also averages one hour of outside play each day. (T) — Vitamin D 73. m the liver and the kidney are necessary to produce the active form of vitamin D. (T) 74. On average, people who take vitamin C supplements take fewer sick days than people who don't take these supplements. (T) 75. Pantothenic acid is a part of the coe e that is necessary for both carbohydrate and fat to enter the Krebs Cycle. (T) Ace-r74 Co A 76. Niacin is necessary for the transport of high-energy electrons to the electron transport system. (T) NA D/IVA DH 77. Intrinsic factor is necessary for the absorption of vitamin (F) 812. True or false: A dysfunctional adrenal gland can result in: 78. Excessive aldosterone production. (F) 79. Suppression of gluconeogenesis. (T) 80. Excessive muscle breakdown. (F) 81. Low glucagon levels. (F) **TEST CONTINUES ** @ There is an old saying that if a little is good, a lot must be better. This is not always true about factors that impact our health. Please indicate which of the following statements about factors that affect our health are true. Which are false? DP'FI‘q‘encg v. Mei-I3 82. During pregnancy, low vitamin A intake may lead to abnormal cell division, but high vitamin A intake may lead to fetal abnormalities. (T) 83. Inadequate protein intake can lead to malnutrition, but excess protein intake can promote cancer. (T) 84. High fiber diets may decrease the risk of colon cancer, but they also have been shown to cause deficiencies of calcium and iron. (F) 85. Sunlight is necessary for the conversion of a cholesterol derivative into vitamin D2 , but excessive exposure to sunlight increases the risk of developing skin cancer. (T) 86. Phytates decrease the absorption of dietary iron, but they also have been shown to prevent bacteria fi'om changing pre-carcinogens into active carcinogens. (T) 87. Low iron stores may decrease one’s physical performance, but low iron stores also have been shown to be protective against malaria. (T) 88. Folate supplements may decrease the risk of Spina Bifida, but folate supplements also may mask a condition that leads to irreversible nerve damage. (T) 89. Lactase is necessary for the complete digestion of milk, but lactase also causes bloating and cramps in most adults in the world. (T) (K) Old friends Joe and Bob are arguing over the relationship between diet and cancer. Help them settle their argument by answering the following questions True or False: 90. High fat diets with low amounts of fiber increase the risk of cancer. (T) 91. If a woman’s mother had breast cancer, the woman is more likely to develop breast - cancer than if her mother did not. (T) g eneHc Commn l- Taking selenium supplements has been shown to decrease the incidence of certain V kinds of cancer. (T) 93. Consuming high amounts of animal protein increases the risk of colon cancer. (T) 94. People who have high intakes of fi'uits and vegetables have lower risks of certain kinds of cancer. (T) Mr! “Ma/n+5 @ Tomato sauce is a better source of lycopene than fresh tomatoes. (T) 96. People who consume large amounts of garlic and onions have lower risks of cancer. (T) 97. Increasing the consumption of broccoli, cauliflower, brussel sprouts has been shown to decrease the incidence of certain kinds of cancer. (T) 98. Phytochemicals have been shown to protect against cancer only in vitro (test tube) studies. (T) 99. Charcoal broiling meat is a safe and healthy way to prepare it. (F) v N9 4 Yi-fl‘ Cm‘er @ Psychological depression increases the risks of developing cancer. (T) 101. Frequent change of the oil used to make french-files in fast food restaurants decreases the carcinogenic effect of the fried food. (T) **TEST CONTINUES ** Fears ’rhorf 9mm a aJns+ cancer - Red ffms, OJ, brntcou) "Rifles, brussel Spina-f3, teas, Kiwi; cam-Imps Mr ‘ Crucifcrous ( cabbage ,broCcoLJ ,n brussel spud: - CHM (0mm! lemon, 3r4pc-fm.+) - {am-19 950 L. Answer the following questions regarding protein balance as either True or False: 102. Pregnant women require more protein that the average person. (T) 103. People who are bedridden with illnesses lose more protein than the average healthy person. (T) 104. If a particular amino acid is missing in the process of synthesizing a specific protein, cells will replace it with a more abundant amino acid. (F) 105. Most of the amino groups from protein in a normal American diet are excreted in the urine. (T) 106. Immunity is impaired by the consumption of low protein diets. (T) 107. The RDA value of protein is the amount of protein necessary to maintain protein balance in half the population. (F) PART II: MATCHING (One Point Each) M. Match the following dietary standards to their descriptions. a) Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) b) Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) c) Adequate Intake (AI) d) Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL) 108. If very little scientific data is available, this is determined by observing healthy groups of people and estimating their dietary intake. (c) 109. Reflects the nutrient intake level estimated to meet the needs of 50% of the people in a life-stage and gender group. (b) ‘ 110. The dietary standards of intake values formerly used in the US. (a) 111. The limit beyond which a higher intake of a nutrient could be harmful. ((1) **TEST CONTINUES ** N. Paco decided to do his Holiday shopping at Nutraceuticals R'US. He planned on getting an appropriate herbal treatment for everyone in his family, but he lost his list of what to get for everyone. Please help him out by choosing the most appropriate nutraceutical: 112. 113. 114. 115. 116. A. Ginseng B. St. John's Wort C. White Willow Bark D. Echinacea E. Saw Palmetto Grandpa, who is waking up 4 times a night to urinate. (E) His sister who gets many colds every winter that won't go away. (D) Granny, who can never find her reading glasses. (A) His mother who has been very depressed lately. (B) Uncle Julio, who is allergic to Ibuprofen and Acetaminophen. (C) PART IIIA: MULTIPLE CHOICE (One Points Each) 117. The ABC's of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans include which of the following: A. Aim for your ideal weight B. Build a balanced diet C. Choose sensibly (*) D. All of the above E. None of the above PART IIIB: MULTIPLE CHOICE (T W0 Points each) 118. Please place the following stages of the carcinogenic process in the correct sequence: Stages 1. Mutated cells travel to new locations 2. DNA is exposed to an active carcinogen 3. Environmental factors stimulate altered DNA to be expressed 4. Altered DNA is not expressed The correct sequence is: WPOF’J?’ ’ , 3 NNuwu-AN AHNNw w-hu-hr-h u v u l 3 1 3 1 1: u \- 3 THE END! ...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 11/20/2011 for the course NS 1150 at Cornell University (Engineering School).

Page1 / 8

Practice Test - Part I: TRUE/FALSE (One Point Each)...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 8. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online