Chapter 19: THE KINETIC THEORY OF GASES
1. Evidence that a gas consists mostly of empty space is the fact that:
A. the density of a gas becomes much greater when it is lique
f
ed
B. gases exert pressure on the walls of their containers
C. gases are transparent
D. heating a gas increases the molecular motion
E. nature abhors a vacuum
ans: A
2. Air enters a hotair furnace at 7
◦
C and leaves at 77
◦
C. If the pressure does not change each
entering cubic meter of air expands to:
A. 0
.
80 m
3
B. 1
.
25 m
3
C. 1
.
9m
3
D. 7
.
0m
3
E. 11 m
3
ans: B
3. 273 cm
3
of an ideal gas is at 0
◦
C. It is heated at constant pressure to 10
◦
C. It will now occupy:
A. 263 cm
3
B. 273 cm
3
C. 283 cm
3
D. 278 cm
3
E. 293 cm
3
ans: C
4. Two identical rooms in a house are connected by an open doorway. The temperatures in the
two rooms are maintained at di
f
erent values. Which room contains more air?
A. the room with higher temperature
B. the room with lower temperature
C. the room with higher pressure
D. neither because both have the same pressure
E. neither because both have the same volume
ans: B
5. It is known that 28 g of a certain ideal gas occupy 22
.
4 liters at standard conditions (0
◦
C,
1 atm). The volume occupied by 42 g of this gas at standard conditions is:
A. 14
.
9 liters
B. 22
.
4 liters
C. 33
.
6 liters
D. 42 liters
E. more data are needed
ans: C
288
Chapter 19: THE KINETIC THEORY OF GASES
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.
0
×
10
5
Pa when the temperature is
27
◦
C. What is its gauge pressure after the car has been running on a hot day so that the tire
temperature is 77
◦
C? Assume that the volume remains
f
xed and take atmospheric pressure
to be 1
.
013
×
10
5
Pa.
A. 1
.
6
×
10
5
Pa
B. 2
.
6
×
10
5
Pa
C. 3
.
6
×
10
5
Pa
D. 5
.
9
×
10
5
Pa
E. 7
.
9
×
10
5
Pa
ans: A
7. A sample of an ideal gas is compressed by a piston from 10 m
3
to 5 m
3
and simultaneously
cooled from 273
◦
Cto0
◦
C. As a result there is:
A. an increase in pressure
B. a decrease in pressure
C. a decrease in density
D. no change in density
E. an increase in density
ans: E
8. A 2m
3
weather balloon is loosely
f
lled with helium at 1 atm (76 cm Hg) and at 27
◦
C. At
an elevation of 20
,
000 ft, the atmospheric pressure is down to 38 cm Hg and the helium has
expanded, being under no constraint from the con
f
ning bag. If the temperature at this elevation
is 48
◦
C, the gas volume (in m
3
) is:
A. 3
B. 4
C. 2
D. 2
.
5
E. 5
.
3
ans: A
9. Oxygen (molar mass = 32 g) occupies a volume of 12 liters when its temperature is 20
◦
C and
its pressure is 1 atm. Using
R
=0
.
082 liter
·
atm
/
mol
·
K, calculate the mass of the oxygen:
A. 6
.
4g
B. 10
.
g7
C. 16 g
D. 32 g
E. 64 g
ans: C
10. An ideal gas occupies 12 liters at 293 K and 1 atm (76 cm Hg). Its temperature is now raised
to 373 K and its pressure increased to 215 cm Hg. The new volume is:
A. 0
.
2 liters
B. 5
.
4 liters
C. 13
.
6 liters
D. 20
.
8 liters
E. none of these
ans: B
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 Spring '11
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 Physics, Thermodynamics, ......

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