Woman, Infant, and Children otherwise known as WIC, provides Federal grants to States for supplemental foods, health care referrals, and nutrition education for low-income pregnant, breastfeeding, and non-breastfeeding postpartum women, and to infants and children up to age five who are found to be at nutritional risk. The WIC target population is low income, nutritionally at risk such as pregnant women (through pregnancy and up to six weeks after birth or after pregnancy ends) breastfeeding women (up to infant’s first birthday), non-breastfeeding postpartum women (up to six months after the birth of an infant or after pregnancy ends) and infants (up to first birthday). WIC serves 45 percent of all infants born in the United States and children up to their fifth birthday. The following benefits are provided to WIC participants; supplemental nutritious foods, nutrition education and counseling at WIC clinics, as well as screening and referrals to other health, welfare and social services. WIC is not an entitlement program as Congress does not set aside funds to allow
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