1004.Chap2 - Chapter 2: Culture and Social Structure What...

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Chapter 2: Culture and Social Structure
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What is culture? Anything that humans do that does not have a biological basis Refers to everything humans learn in order to behave in society
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Components of Culture Symbols Language
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Whorf-Sapir Hypothesis Benjamin Whorf Edward Sapir Linguistic relativity hypothesis
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Components of Culture Symbols Language Beliefs Values Norms
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Norms Mores Folkways Taboos Ideal culture Real culture
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Components of Culture Symbols Language Beliefs Values Norms Technology
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Material Culture All physical objects that people use or make.
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Culture is Learned, Shared, and Diverse
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Even though culture is shared, there are subcultures Subculture: A group within the dominant culture that shares many of the components of the dominant culture, but which has distinctive features.
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Amish Values Prefer “old-fashioned” things Little tolerance for deviance Value the “simple life”
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Other subcultures Gays and lesbians Black Americans Jews Youth
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Counter-culture A special kind of subculture: One in which beliefs and behavior patterns are in conflict with those of the dominant culture.
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1004.Chap2 - Chapter 2: Culture and Social Structure What...

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