1004.Chap5[1]

1004.Chap5[1] - Chapter 5: Deviance and crime Deviance The...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 5: Deviance and crime Deviance The Popular Dichotomy 2 kinds of people Deviant Non deviant 2 kinds of acts Deviant Non deviant The Social Relativity of Deviance 1. Society 2. Time 3. Space 4. Social status Almost Everyone Breaks the Law at One Time or Another Survey of 1,000 Men in NYC 49 Offenses Max. Sentence = 1 yr. Gambling 74% Assault 49% Negative Consequences of Deviance 1. Undermines trust 2. Produces tension & conflict 3. Diverts social resources Functions of Deviance 1. Re-affirm commitment 2. Promotes social unity 3. Safety valve 4. Promotes social change Mechanisms of Social Control Formal social control Enforcement of conformity to norms by sanctions applied by formal agencies Total Crimes Committed 100% Reported to Police 36% 8% 5% 1% Arrested Convicted Imprisoned The Criminal Justice Funnel Mechanisms of Social Control Formal social control Enforcement of conformity to norms by sanctions applied by formal agencies Informal social control Enforcement of conformity to norms by sanctions applied by ordinary associates Socialization Internalization Theories of Deviance Anomie theory Structural strain Mertons Theory: Cultural Goals and Institutionalized Means Accept Means Reject Means Accept Goals Reject Goals Conformists (no deviance) Innovators Ritualists Retreatists Rebels Theories of Deviance Anomie theory Structural strain Cultural transmission Differential association Control theory Control Theories-Conformity is Problematic An Individual Conforms Because of Bonds to Society Attachment to other individuals Commitment to certain social roles Involvement in various activities Beliefs concerning moral values Theories of Deviance...
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2011 for the course SOC 1004 taught by Professor Mdhughes during the Fall '07 term at Virginia Tech.

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1004.Chap5[1] - Chapter 5: Deviance and crime Deviance The...

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