1004.Chap7[1]

1004.Chap7[1] - Chapter 7 Inequalities of Race and...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 7, Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity The U.S.: A Nation of Immigrants U.S. citizens trace their ancestors to many different nations. A melting pot? A salad? A stew? Ethnic groups Ethnic groups are identified based on cultural characteristics – e.g., language, religion, national origin Racial groups A racial group is a category of people who share biologically transmitted traits that are defined as socially significant. Not scientifically valid, but socially significant. Minority groups A category of people who, because of their physical or cultural characteristics, are singled out from others in the society in which they live for differential and unequal treatment. Minority groups Experience discrimination, segregation, oppression, or persecution. Group members have a consciousness of one-ness, a sense of identity. Membership generally is not voluntary. Members usually marry within their own group (endogamy). This may be imposed by the dominant group. An American Dilemma , Gunnar Myrdal, 1944 Jim Crow laws Laws that required different treatment of individuals based on racial differences What was: Plessy v. Ferguson? Brown v. Board of Education? “Massive resistance”? Massive resistance Governor vowed to resist Brown v Board of Education VA legislature facilitated the closing of public schools January 19, 1959: 2 cases in VA affirming that VA had to follow “Brown” Massive resistance continued in Prince Edward County (Farmville) Desegregation and resegregation In the South In 1964, 2% in majority white In 1988, 44% in majority white In 2000, 31% in majority white N a t i o n a l l y , 1 9 8 Civil rights legislation Civil Rights Act, 1964 Voting Rights Act, 1965 Fair Housing Act, 1968 “True Colors”...
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1004.Chap7[1] - Chapter 7 Inequalities of Race and...

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