MoralS - alternatives. The correct answer to a moral...

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Ethical Subjectivism Michael Leslie , Spring 2002
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Subjectivism Defined: Basically, ethical subjectivism says that our moral opinions are based on nothing more than our feelings. When we say that an act is evil, we are not stating a fact: we are simply saying that we have a negative feeling toward that act.
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Emotivism Emotivism, a variety of moral subjectivism, says that when we express a subjective moral opinion, we are trying to change people’s behavior, as well as expressing our attitudes.
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Problems with subjectivism If morality is based just on individual opinion, then there will be conflicting moral judgments since individual opinions are fallible. Only reason can help us discern which opinion is right. If our expressions of moral judgment are intended to persuade others to our point of view, then they have to appeal to reason to be effective.
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So how can we make correct judgments? Moral judgments must be based on reason. A moral judgment is true if it is backed by better reasons than the
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Unformatted text preview: alternatives. The correct answer to a moral question is the answer which has the greater weight of reason on its side. How is proof of the accurateness of a judgment obtained in ethics? Proof in ethics is obtained by inductive and deductive reasoning from observations or facts. Example: the unfair test Other examples: Jones is a bad man: Dr. Smith is irresponsible: The used care dealer is unethical: The Question of Homosexuality: Arguments and Counterproofs Its unnatural Statistically small number of people Misuse of body parts Contrary to what ought to be Homosexuals threaten family values Homosexuals are sinister people whose behavior threatens society Conclusion The claim that a moral system can be based on subjective feelings or sentiments cannot withstand the scrutiny of reason. In our search for guidelines for moral behavior, objective reasoning is a better guide than subjective feelings, attitudes and opinions....
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2011 for the course RTV 4931 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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MoralS - alternatives. The correct answer to a moral...

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