CPAP 1502 Chapter 4 and 7 Terms

CPAP 1502 Chapter 4 and 7 Terms - COMBINING
 MEANING...

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Unformatted text preview: COMBINING
 MEANING WORD
ANALYSIS adenoid/o adenoids adenoid/ectomy
=
excision
of
the
adenoids laryng/o larynx
(voice
box) laryng/o/scope
=
instrument
for
examining
the
larynx. nas/o nose nas/al
=
pertaining
to
the
nose rhin/o
 nose pharyng/o pharynx
(throat) rhin/o/rrhea
=
thin
watery
discharge
from
the
nose Rhinorrhea
also
can
be
caused
by
the
flow
of
cerebrospinal
fluid
from
 the
nose
a>er
an
injury
to
the
head.
AKA
a
runny
nose. rhin/o/rrhagia=
profuse
bleeding
from
the
nose.
A
Nosebleed. pharyng/i2s
=
infl[email protected],[email protected] tonsill/o tonsils peri/tonsill/ar
=pertaining
to
the
area
surrounding
the
tonsils.

 trache/o
 trachea
(windpipe) alveol/o
 alveolus
(alveoli) trache/o/ostomy
=surgical
opening
through
the
neck
into
the
trachea
to
 provide
&
secure
an
open
airway
 alveol/ar
=
pertaining
to
the
alveoli bronchi/o bronchus
(bronchii) bronch/o bronchus
(bronchii) bronchiol/o bronchiole [email protected]/bronchi,
usually
in
the
 [email protected] bronch/o/scope
=
curved,
fl[email protected] of
the
bronchi bronchiol/i2s
=
infl[email protected] pneum/o air
;

lung pneum/ectomy
=
excision
of
all
or
part
of
a
lung pneumon/o air
;

lung pulmon/o lung pleur/o pleura pneumon/ia
=
acute
infl[email protected]&[email protected],
which
fill
with
 pus
or
products
of
the
infl[email protected] in
the
United
States. [email protected]=
type
of
pneumonia
seen
in
 persons
with
AIDS [email protected]g
pathological
 [email protected] [email protected] thorac/o chest aer/o air my/o muscle thorac/o/pathy
=
any
disease
involving
the
thorax
or
the
organs
it
 contains aer/o/phobia=
fear
of
air,
dra>s
of
air,
airborne
influences
or
“bad
 air”
(body
odor) my/o/rrhaphy=
suture
of
the
muscle phren/o diaphragm;
mind [email protected]/twitching
of
the
diaphragm melan/o black carcin/o cancer hem/o blood gastr/o stomach chondr/o [email protected] muc/o mucus epigloG/o epigloRs myc/o fungus or/o mouth hydr/o water sinus/o sinus,
cavity orth/o straight PATHOLOGICAL,
DIAGNOSTICS,
&
THERAPEUTIC
TERMS


p.126‐130 MEDICAL
TERMINOLOGY
CHAPTER
4:

RESPIRATORY
SYSTEM MEDICAL
TERMINOLOGY
CHAPTER
4:

RESPIRATORY
SYSTEM SUFFIXES MEANING WORD
ANALYSIS ‐algia Pain pleur/algia
=
pain
in
the
pleura ‐dynia Pain thorac/o/dynia
=
pain
in
the
chest ‐ectasis [email protected],
expansion ‐osmia Smell ‐osis [email protected] ‐oxia Oxygen ‐phagia Swallowing,[email protected] [email protected]
collapse
of
 alveoli.






atel=
incomplete;
imperfect an/osmia
=
loss
or
impairment
of
the
sense
of
smell;
usually
occurs
as
a
 [email protected] [email protected]&
mucous
membranes
caused
 by
deficiency
of
oxygen
in
the
blood hyp/oxia
=
inadequate
oxygen
at
the
cellular
level
characterized
by
 tachycardia,
hypertension,
&
dizziness aer/o/phagia
=
swallowing
of
air ‐pnea breathing a/pnea
=
temporary
cessa2on
of
breathing
 ‐spasm ‐thorax [email protected], [email protected]rynx twitching Chest py/o/thorax
=
accumula2on
of
pus
in
the
thorax.


py/o=
pus ­cele Hernia,
swelling ­logist Specialist
in
study
of ­plegia Paralysis ­malacia Softening ­stenosis Narrowing,
stricture ­oma Tumor ­scopy Visual
examination ­pathy Disease ­stomy ‐osis ­therapy Forming
an
opening
at
 the
mouth Treatment ­plasm Abnormal
condition
increase
(used
 primarily
with
blood
cells) Formation,
growth ­tome Instrument
to
cut ­rrhagia Bursting
forth
(of) ­tomy Incision ­scope Instrument
for
examining ­phobia Fear ­ous Pertaining
to,
relating
to ­centesis Surgical
puncture ­ia Condition ­ectomy Excision,
removal ­ist specialist ­plasty Surgical
repair ­rrhaphy suture PREFIXES a­ without,
not epi­ Above,
upon an­ without,
not peri­ Around neo­ New eu­ good,
normal para­ near;
beside;
beyond macro­ Large brady­ Slow micro­ Small dys­ bad;
painful;
difKicult tachy­ Rapid ABBREVIATION MEANING ARDS Adult
respiratory
distress
syndrome MRI Magnetic
resonance
imaging CF Cystic
Kibrosis NMT Nebulized
mist
treatment COLD Chronic
obstructive
lung
disease PFT Pulmonary
function
test COPD PND Paroxysmal
nocturnal
dyspnea CPR Chronic
obstructive
pulmonary
 disease Cardiopulmonary
resuscitation RD Respiratory
disease CT
scan Computed
tomography
scan SIDS DPT Diphtheria,
pertussis,
tetanus SOB Shortness
of
breath HMD Hyaline
membrane
disease TB Tuberculosis IPPB Intermittent
positive‐pressure
 URI breathing Infant
respiratory
distress
syndrome VC IRDS ABBREVIATION MEANING Sudden
infant
death
syndrome Upper
respiratory
infection Vital
capacity ADDITIONAL
TERMS
CHAPTER
4:
RESPIRATORY
SYSTEM Capnia














carbon
dioxide coni/o















dust





































ex:[email protected]ng phonia














sound
or
voice



















ex:
dysphonia
–
difficulty
speaking phon/o













“




“





“








“
 phren/o











diaphragm


























(L.
phrenicus)
combining
form
meaning
mind
 















(Gr.
phren) ‐ptysis














spiRng,[email protected]:
hemoptysis sept/o














septum
(nasal) sider/o













iron







































ex:
siderosis silic/o















silica
dust Ultramicroscopicsilicovolcanopneumoconiosis
=
An
abnormal
[email protected]&




 































silica
dust
in
the
lung. • • • • • • • • Ultra
–

 excessive Micro
–

 small 

Scopic
–

 

instrument
used
to

examine Silico
–

 silica Volcano
–



volcano Pneumo
–

 air
or
lung Coni
–

 dust [email protected]
of CHAPTER
7:
URINARY
SYSTEM cyst/o bladdder vesic/o Bladder [email protected]by
means
of
a
 cystoscope
inserted
into
the
urethra vesicocele=hernial
protrusion
of
urinary
bladder.aka
Cystocele. glomerul/o Glomerulus glomerul/o/sclera/osis=
hardening/scarring
w/n
the
glomeruli. meat/o Opening,
meatus nephr/o Kidney meat/us=
opening/tunnel
through
any
part
of
the
body,
such
as
the
 external
opening
of
the
urethra. nephr/oma=
tumor
of
the
kidney ren/o Kidney ren/al=
pertaining
to
the
kidney pyel/o Renal
pelvis pyel/o/plasty=
surgical
repair
of
the
renal
pelvis ur/o Urine urin/o Urine ur/emia=
excessive
urea
&
other
nitrogenous
waste
products
in
the
blood.

 Also
called
azotemia.




Azot:
nitrogenous
compounds
 [email protected] ureter/o Ureter ureter/o/stenosis=
narrowing
or
stricture
of
a
ureter urethr/o Urethra urethra/o/cele=
hernia
protrusion
of
the
urethra. olig/o Scanty,
few,
li\le olig/uria=
diminished
or
scanty
amount
of
urine
for[email protected] py/o Pus py/uria=
presence
of
an
excessive
number
of
white
blood
cells
in
urine. enter/o leuk/o [email protected] scler/o ([email protected]) White aden/o Hardening;
sclera
 (white
of
eye) Gland carcin/o Cancer lith/o Stone,
calculus gastr/o Stomach rect/o Rectum hepat/o Liver erythr/o Red ven/o Vein hemat/o Blood noct/o Night SUFFIXES MEANING WORD
ANALYSIS ‐emia [email protected] [email protected]in
the
blood. ‐iasis [email protected] [email protected]or
calculi.
 (specified) 
Occurs
most
commonly
in
the
kidneys,
lower
urinary
tract,
&
gallbladder. [email protected];[email protected];lo dia/lysis=
process
of
removing
toxic
material
from
the
blood
when
the
 osening 










kidneys
are
unable
to
do
so.


dia‐
through,
across Disease nephr/o/pathy=
any
disorder
of
the
kidneys,
including
inflammatory,



 [email protected],[email protected]@ons. [email protected](of
an
organ) nephr/o/pexy=
surgical
procedure
to
fixate
a
fl[email protected] 

‐lysis ‐pathy ‐pexy ‐ptosis nephr/o/ptosis=
downward
displacement
or
dropping
of
a
kidney. ‐tripsy Prolapsed,
downward
 displacement Crushing ‐uria Urine [email protected] ‐megaly Enlargement ‐edema lith/o/tripsy=
crushing
of
a
stone
in
the
bladder
or
urethra Swelling ‐rrhaphy Suture ‐gram Record,[email protected] ‐tome Instrument
to
cut ‐pepsin [email protected] ‐tomy Incision ‐graphy











 process
of
recording ‐lith Stone,
calculus ‐grade














 to
go

(p278) ‐scope Instrument
for
examining ‐ostomy Forming
an
opening
(mouth) ‐ectasis [email protected],
expansion ‐cyte Cell ‐plasty Surgical
repair ‐emesis [email protected] ‐cele Hernia,
swelling PREFIXES MEANING WORD MEANING dia‐ Through,
across a‐,
an‐ Without,
not poly‐ Many,
much in‐ In,
not supra‐ Above;
excessive;
superior dys‐ Bad,
painful,
difficult intra‐ In,
within retro‐ Backward,
behind ABBREVIATIONS MEANING ABBREVIATONS MEANING BUN Blood
urea
nitrogen PSA Prostate‐specifi[email protected] BNO [email protected] RP Retrograde
pyelography cysto [email protected] TURP DRE [email protected] UA [email protected] prostate Urinalysis ESWL IVP Extracorporeal
shock‐wave
 VCUG lithotripsy Intravenous
pyelogram UTI Voiding
cystourethrogram,
voiding
 cystourethrography [email protected] IVU Intravenous
urography US Ultrasound,
ultrasonography KUB Kidney,
ureter,
bladder ARF Acute
renal
failure‐
impaired
blood
flow
to
 kidneys Poly/cyst/ic
kidney
disease
(PKD)‐
kidneys
are
enlarged
&
containmany
cysts.

Kidney
failure
develops
from
this
 disease
and
progresses
to
ur/emia
(increase
in
[
]
of
urea
&
nitrogenous
waste
in
blood)
and
eventually
death. PATHOLOGICAL,
DIAGNOSTIC,
&
THERAPEUTIC
TERMS







p.
287‐289 ADDITIONAL
TERMS
CHAPTER
7:

URINARY
SYSTEM azot/o





























nitrogen
 























 








ex:
azotemia cortex





























outer
region
 hilum,
hilus




















depression
or
pit
in
organ
or
gland
where
nerves
or
vessels
enter
&
 exit
 meatus



























a
passage,
opening
or
canal
 ‐poiesis


















[email protected]@on
















ex:
uropoiesis voiding
(micturi]on)



expelling
urine ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2011 for the course CPAP 1502 taught by Professor Johnh.romfh during the Spring '10 term at Life Chiropractic College West.

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