ANAT 1503 Chapter 3 Outline

ANAT 1503 Chapter 3 Outline - Chapter
3 Cell
Cytoplasm...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter
3 Cell
Cytoplasm I.

The
Cell 





A.
intracellular
membranes
sub
divide
cytoplasm
into
separate
compartments. 





B.
Body
fluids‐
blood
and
lymph II.
Func-onal
Role
of
Cytoplasm


 






A.

Irritability‐
reacts
to
certain
organic
and
inorganic
molecules
and
electrical
signals. 






B.
Conduc=vity‐
propaga=on
and
excita=on 






C.
Contrac=lity
and
Mo=lity‐
shortening
or
lengthening
based
on
s=muli. 






D.
Metabolism‐
sum
of
all
chem.
Rx
in
body 















1.
anabolism‐
building
up
of
molecules 















2.
catabolism‐
breaking
down
of
molecules 





E.
Absorbi=on‐
taking
in
(phagocytosis‐
food/
pinocytosis‐
water) 





F.
Respira=on‐cell
breathing‐
occurs
in
mitochondria 





G.
Secre=on‐
release
of
useful
fluids
(ex.
Hormones) 





H.
Excre=on‐
elim
of
waste III.
Cytoplasmic
Cons-tuents 





A.
Cytosol‐
cytoplasmic
matrix
–microtuble
laPce 





B.
Cell
Membrane‐
AKA
plasma
membrane
t
plasmalemma 


















1.
separates
inside
from
outside,
mosaic
paSern
unit
membrane 


















2.
Glycocolayx
–oligosacceride
rich
outer
layer 

















3.
lipid
bilayer,
cholesterol
makes
s=ff 

















4.
Gated
channels 






C.
Mitochondria‐
 

















1.
2
membranes
outer/inner
makes
pleases
and
fold
called
cristae,
increases
surface
area. 
















2.
inner
cristae
containes
enzymes 

















3.
intra
space‐
contains
nothing
of
importance
but
has
cytosol 

















4.
own
DNA,
rRNA,
tRNA
and
does
own
replica=on 

















5.
ATP 








D.
Ribosome‐assemble
proteins 








E.

Rough
Endoplasmic
Re=culum 
















1.
has
ribosome’s,
cisternae,
fixed,
protein
synthesis
BASOPHILIC
ENVIRONMENT 








F.
Smooth
ER 
















1.
fx
depends
on
=ssue
type
ACEDOPHILLIC
ENVIRONMENT 








G.
Golgi
apparatus 

















1.
golgi
stack‐
look
like
stacks,
packing,
modifica=on
and
distribu=on 

















2.
cis‐
lies
at
boSom
of
stack
ans
assoc
with
small
transfer
vesicles 

















3.
trans‐
top
of
stack
assoc.
with
secratory
vesicles 

















4.
medial
compartment‐
between
the
cis
and
trans
 









H.
Liposome’s 

















1.
Acidic
internal
environment 








I.
Peroxisomes 


















1.
AKA
microbodies‐
oxidize
enzyme
they
contain
involved
if
forma=on
and
breakdown
of
 
























Intracellular
hydrogen
peroxide.
 











J.
Filaments 

















1.
Microfilaments‐
thin
ac=ve,
rapid
cell
chage 

















2.
Thick
filaments‐found
in
muscles
cells
(myocin) 

















3.
Intermediate
filaments‐
structure
and
reinforcement 
 ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2011 for the course ANAT 1503 taught by Professor Samueldemons during the Spring '10 term at Life Chiropractic College West.

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