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ANAT 1503 Final Review for Histology

ANAT 1503 Final Review for Histology - Final review for...

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Final review for Histology 1. What are the three layers present in arteries, and blood vessels? a. Tunica intima b. Tunica media c. Tunica adventitia 2. What are each layers composed of (endothelium, CT, Fibers)? a. Tunica intima – simple squamous, Loose areolar CT, eslastin b. TUnica media – smooth muscle with elastic fibers c. Tunica adventitia – loose areolar CT, additional dark bands of Elastic fibers 3. Where is the basal lamina located? Vaso Vasorum? a. Basement membrane of tunica intima b. Blood vessels of vessels of the tunica adventitia (like root of a plant) 4. Where is internal elastic lamina (elastica interna) and external elastic lamina (elastica externa) located? a. Elastica interna is found in the tunica intima b. Elastica externa is found in the tunic media 5. What is the function of the tunica adventitia? a. Lymphatic drainage 6. What is the function of the urinary system? a. Function is to clear the blood of waste products (metablic) b. And regulate the concentration of body fluids 7. What are the components that make up the urinary system? a. The kidneys b. Ureters c. Urinary bladder d. And Urethra 8. What is the function of the kidneys? a. Excretory function b. Endocrine function 9. What are the endocrine functions of the kidneys? a. Produce and release into blood a humoral agent – erythropoetein b. Produce enzyme that can affect blood pressure – rennin 10. Define the function of the humoral agent – erythropoetein? a. A liquid hormone agent that stimulates red blood cell production 11. What is the name of the structures that form the base of the cortex of the medulla in the kidneys? How many are usually present?
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a. Renal pyramids b. 5 to 11 12. What is the apex of a renal pyramid called? Where does it project? a. Papilla b. Project toward the cortex region 13. What is the cortex and medulla of the kidneys? a. Cortex – outer portion b. Medulla – inner portion 14. Where do the ureters usually start? a. Start of the border lobe of the kidneys 15. What makes up the renal lobe? a. Renal pyramids and b. Cortex substance overlying base and sides of renal pyramid – use for protection 16. What is located at the papilla of renal pyramid? a. Area of cribrosa 17. What is the area of cribrosa composed of? a. 25 perforations from which filtrate can pass into minor calyx 18. Where are medullary rays located and what do they do? a. Located at the base of renal pyramid b. Go out into the cortex region, representing the continuation of tubes into the cortex 19. What is the function unit of the kidneys? What is its function? a. Nephron (aka uriniferous tubules) b. Function with urine formation 20. What structure contains the final concentration of urine, which is then conveyed into the renal pelvis? What kind of epithelium lines this structure? a. Collecting duct b. Simple columnar
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ANAT 1503 Final Review for Histology - Final review for...

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