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ANAT 1507 Bone Exam 1 - Bone Osteo Exam 2 Monday...

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Bone Osteo – Exam 2 Monday, July 12, 2010
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Constituents of Bones Cells Fibers Ground Substance Monday, July 12, 2010
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Properties Extracellular Components are Calcified Function (add Pictures) Support Attachment of muscles and tendons Protection Rib Cage Monday, July 12, 2010
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Properties (cont.) Physiological Changes Disuse Atrophy (wasting/decrease in the size of an organ/tissue) Loss of Substance Increased Use Hypertrophy (abnormal growth to organ/tissue b/c of an increase in the size rather than the number of constituent cells) Increased Bone Mass Monday, July 12, 2010
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Macroscopic Structure of Bone Formations of Bone Spongy bone (aka: Cancellous) Spaces are large and visible Compact bone Porous Spaces are small (10-20 M in diameters) Monday, July 12, 2010
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Structure-- Diaphysis vs Epiphysis Diaphysis Shaft Thick walled hollow cylinder of compact bone Central medullary cavity Epiphysis Ends Consists mainly of
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