ANAT 1507 Osteology Midterm 1

ANAT 1507 Osteology Midterm 1 - Osteology Midterm 1 I....

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Osteology Midterm 1 I. Approaches to Studying Anatomy A. Regional Anatomy : considers the organization of the body as segments or major parts based on form and mass. It is the method of studying the body’s structure by focusing attention on a specific part, region or sub-region; examining the arrangement and relationships of the various systemic structures (muscles, nerves, arteries, etc) ; coupled with continuous of adjacent regions in an ordered sequence. 1. Surface Anatomy is an essential part of the study of regional anatomy that requires a thorough understanding of the anatomy of the structures beneath the surface (a) Physical examination : clinical application of surface anatomy (b) Palpation : clinical technique for examining living anatomy 2. Anatomy of deep structures (using Regional anatomy) (a) Radiographic anatomy : provides info on normal structures as affected buy muscle tone , body fluids and pressures, and gravity (b) Diagnostic radiology : provides info on the effects of trauma, pathology, and aging on normal structures B. Systemic Anatomy : recognizes the organization of the body’s organs into systems that work together to carry out complex functions 1. Integumentary System (dermatology) (a) Components: (i) Skin and structures derived from it (hair, nails, sweat, and oil glands) (b) Function: (i) Regulate body temperature, protects, eliminates some waste, Vit D, detects sensations (pressure, pain, temperature, etc.), Containment 2. Skeletal System (osteology) (a) Components: (i) All the bones of the body, their associated cartilages and joints (b) Function: (i) Supports and protects the body, assists with body movements, stores cells that produce blood cells, and stores minerals and lipids 3. Articular System (arthrology) (a) Consists of joints and their associated ligaments (bone-bone)
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4. Muscular System(myology) (a) Components: (i) Specifically refers to skeletal muscle tissue (other muscle tissues include smooth and cardiac) (b) Functions: (i) Movement, maintain posture, and produce heat 5. Nervous System (neurology) (a) Components: (i) Brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sense organs (ears, eye, etc.) (b) Function: (i) Regulate body through nerve impulses by detecting change in the environment, interrupting changes and responding to them 6. Circulatory System (angiology) (a) Cardiovascular system (i) Components: Consists of heart and blood vessels (ii) Functions: Pump blood, which also helps regulate acidity, temp., and water content of body fluids (b) Lymphatic system (i) Components: Lymphatic fluid and vessels: spleen, thymus, nodes, tonsils, and cells that carry out immune responses ( B, T cells, etc.) (ii) Function: withdraws excess tissue fluid (lymph) from the bodies interstitial(intercellular) fluid compartment, filters it through lymph nodes, and returns it to the blood stream carries lipids from gastrointestinal tract to blood has sits of maturation and proliferation of B and T cells (iii)Compo
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2011 for the course ANAT 1507 taught by Professor Samueldemons during the Summer '10 term at Life Chiropractic College West.

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ANAT 1507 Osteology Midterm 1 - Osteology Midterm 1 I....

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