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CHEM 1516 Exam 1 Review - Dr.BertSilverman BCIIExam1Review...

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Dr. Bert Silverman BC II  Exam 1 Review EXAM 1 COVERS :( APPROX # QUESTIONS; TOTAL = 42 MULTIPLE CHOICE ) GENERAL & OVERVIEW OF METABOLISM & DIGESTION (8) BIOENERGETICS (12) GLYCOLYSIS (18) Differential Gene Expression,Viruses & Cancer (4)
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THIS REVIEW THIS IS ONLY AN OUTLINE NOT INCLUSIVE OF EVERYTHING EXAM QUESTIONS ARE BASED ON THE LECTURES REVIEW YOUR LECTURE NOTES !
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FUNCTIONAL GROUPS DETERMINE  PROPERTIES CARBONYL ALDEHYDE KETONE CARBOXYL HYDROXYL METHYL, ETHYL AMINO PHENYL
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BIOENERGETICS FIRST LAW ENTROPY, ENTHALPY, HEAT FREE ENERGY STANDARD Vs ACTUAL SIGN ? EXO Vs ENDERGONIC Keq PATHWAYS
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ATP ATP IS INTERMEDIATE IN SCALE OF HIGH ENERGY BONDS ADP CAN ACCEPT P GROUPS FROM VERY H-E CMPDS ---ATP ATP CAN DONATE P TO OTHER COMPDS ---LOW - E COMPDS = COMMON INTERMEDIATE SYSTEM FOR TRANSFERRING ENERGY FROM HIGH-ENERGY CMPDS (CATABOLISM) TO ACTIVATE LOW- ENERGY CMPDS IN ANABOLISM
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BOTTOM LINE -ATP ATP-DEPENDENT RXNS NOT REALLY DRIVEN BY HYDROLYSIS OF ATP BUT BY TRANSFER OF ENERGY TO A COMMON INTERMEDIATE OTHER HIGH ENERGY NUCLEOTIDES & MOLECULES ?
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ATP & NUCLEIC ACID  CHEMISTRY BASE, NUCLEOTIDE BASE NUCLEOSIDE NUCLEOTIDE NUCLEOTIDE MONO-, DI-, TRIPHOSPHATE ? BONDS PHOSPHODIESTER PHOSPHOANHYDRIDE
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SOURCES OF ENERGY CHO 4 Kcal/gram LIPIDS 9 Kcal/g PROTEINS 4Kcal/g ETOH 7 Kcal/g
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PRIMARY TOPICS HOMEOSTASIS ? WHY DO WE EAT & BREATHE ? METABOLIC PATHWAYS & INTERMEDIATES ANABOLISM CATABOLISM EXERGONIC Vs ENDERGONIC?
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1 GLUCOSE UTILIZATION    GLU REQUIREMENTS: THE BODY: 160 GM/DAY BRAIN: 120GM/DAY 75% OF TOTAL BODY REQUIREMENT GLU STORED AS GLYCOGEN : 190 G APPROX. = 1 DAY SUPPLY
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