CPAP 1605 Chiropractic History Midterm Study Guide

CPAP 1605 Chiropractic History Midterm Study Guide -...

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Chiropractic History Midterm Study Guide – Summer 2008 PPTs 1-4…40 questions At the end of Week 1 , the students will be able to: 1. Identify the contributions of Imhotep, Aesclepias, Hippocrates and Galen to the development of early health care and disease treatment concepts. a. Imhotep : “Great Physician” (3000 BC) i. Body & mind ii. No drugs…magical/ religious b. Ebers/ Smith discover Papari (written 2500 BC) i. Documents earliest known medical practices, techniques & magical treatments c. Aesclepius : (1200 BC) i. Greek physician ii. Eventually deified (known as Greek God of Healing) iii. *Incubation Rites @ Aesclepian Temples (gave medicine to caduceus ) iv. Greeks began to question old traditions d. Hippocrates : (420 BC) “Father of Medicine” i. “Do good or at least no harm” and “Look well into the spine for the cause of disease” ii. Disease = natural process iii. *Hippocratic oath iv. Natural theory of disease causation: 4 Humors : Bile Black, Bile Yellow, Blood Red & Phlegm White 1. Disease = imbalance of these humors of patient’s internal envir. e. Galen: (129 to 200 AD) i. Greek Physician- Refined Hippocrates’ ideas ii. 300 works iii. Body = 3 connected systems 1. Brain & nerves= sensation and thought 2. Heart & arteries = life giving energy 3. Liver & Veins = nutrition & growth iv. Dogmatized & then rejected for its errors 2. Identify the “founding father” of the professions of homeopathy, naturopathy, magnetic healing and osteopathy.
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a. Homeopathy i. Samuel Hahnemann M.D. b. Naturopathy (late 1800s) i. Paracelcus aka Theophrastus Von Hohnheim aka Philip Bombastus VH aka Aureoleus Theophrastus Paracelcus…later by Benedict Lust c. Magnetic Healing (late 1700s) i. Franz Mesmer d. Osteopathy (1874) i. A.T. Still 3. Differentiate the basic philosophies of intervention that underlie the allopathic, homeopathic and naturopathic approached to disease treatment and care. a. Allopathy: treatment “opposite to disease” i. Treating the symptom defeats the disease ii. empirically tested to “see if it works” b. Homeopathy (S. Hahnemann MD) i. treatment is same as disease; “Similia similibus curantur” (like cures like) ii. infinite dilution (homeopathic tincture): until only the “healing essence” remains c. Naturopathy (Paracelcus and later by Benedict Lust) i. Natural Healing through use of botanicals ii. Embraced almost every drug-free therapy
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