ANAT 1615 Final Exam Practice Test (Lower Extremity) With Answers

ANAT 1615 Final Exam Practice Test (Lower Extremity) With Answers

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Unformatted text preview: Quizlet NAME: ________________________ Complete Lower Extremity for Final 606 Questions 606 Multiple Choice Questions 1. Obturator externus Actions (No Answer) a. It supplies the skin on the dorsum of the foot b. The largest cutaneous branch of the femoral nerve c. CORRECT: Steadies the head of the femur in acetabulum d. Branch of femoral nerve 2. Lateral plantar nerve (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The smaller of the two branches of tibial nerve b. The larger of the two terminal branches of the tibial nerve c. The anterior branch of the obturator nerve d. The posterior branch of the obturator nerve 3. Long Head of Biceps Femoris Origin (No Answer) a. The largest terminal branch of the sciatic nerve b. CORRECT: The ischial tuberosity, in common origin with the semitendinosus c. Lies inferior to piriformis, arises from the ischial spine d. The tibial part of the sciatic nerve 4. Piriformis Nerve supply (No Answer) a. The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) b. By nerve to obturator internus ( L5 S1 ) c. CORRECT: Nerve to piriformis ( ventral rami of S1 S2 ) d. The tibial nerve ( L4 L5 S1 ) 5. Obturator internus Actions (No Answer) a. Extends the thigh b. CORRECT: Abducts flexed thigh c. Unlocks the knee Answer Key d . Adducts the thigh 6. Dorsalis pedis artery/dorsal artery of the foot (No Answer) a. CORRECT: It begins midway between the malleoli, runs deep to the inferior extensor retinaculum b . Transmits the great saphenous vein to enter the femoral vein. c . Lies between the superior and inferior gamelli muscles d . Steadies the head of the femur in acetabulum 7. Plantaris Actions (No Answer) a. Flexor Compartment b . CORRECT: Flexes the knee c . Adducts the thigh d . Dorsiflexes the ankle 8. Lateral plantar artery (No Answer) a. Is a fusiform muscle, lies on the anterolateral side of thigh, enclosed by the layers of the fascia lata b . From the external surface of ilium, between anterior and posterior gluteal lines c . CORRECT: It arches medially across the foot with the deep plantar nerve and forms the deep plantar arch by joining with deep plantar artery, a branch of the dorsalis pedis artery d . The anterior superior iliac spine and anterior part of the iliac crest 9. Obturator internus Actions (No Answer) a. Flexes leg at knee joint b . CORRECT: Steadies femoral head in acetabulum c . Raises heel during walking d . Rectus femoris 10. Fibularis ( peroneus ) tertius Actions (No Answer) a. Adducts the thigh b . Everts the foot c . Extends the thigh d . CORRECT: Dorsiflexes the ankle 11. Obturator externus Insertion (No Answer) a. The tibial part of the sciatic nerve b . CORRECT: The trochanteric fossa of the femur c . Eversion of the foot d . The lateral condyle of tibia 12. Adductor Magnus Nerve supply (Adductor Part) (No Answer) a. The largest terminal branch of the sciatic nerve b . CORRECT: The posterior branch of the obturator nerve c . All the four muscles of the anterior leg d . The deep branch of lateral plantar nerve 13. Hip Flexor Muscle (No Answer) a. Medial meniscus b . Gluteus minimus c . Coccyx d . CORRECT: Gracilis 14. Extensor hallucis longus Insertion (No Answer) a. When thigh and leg are flexed, it can extend the trunk b . The lateral surface of greater trochanter of femur c . CORRECT: The dorsal aspect of the base of the distal phalanx of great / big toe ( hallux ) d . Is a broad muscle, lies on the medial side, deep to semitendinosus 15. Semitendinosus Actions (No Answer) a. Helps to extend the knee b . Flexes leg at knee joint c . The smaller of the two branches of tibial nerve d . CORRECT: Flexes the leg and rotate it medially when knee is flexed 16. Deep branch of lateral plantar nerve Supplies: (No Answer) a. The superficial branch supplies cutaneous branches to the medial one and a half digits b . CORRECT: The muscles, 2nd, 3rd, 4th lumbricals, two heads of adductor hallucis, plantar and dosal interossei c . The lateral side of base of proximal phalanx of 5th digit d . The deep branch of lateral plantar nerve 17. Gluteus minimus (No Answer) a. The inferior gluteal nerve ( L5, S1, S2 ) b . Lies inferior to piriformis, arises from the ischial spine c . From the lateral condyle d . CORRECT: Lies deep to the gluteus medius, is a small fan shaped muscle 18. Nerve to the hip joint (No Answer) a. Longest cutaneous nerve of the body b . CORRECT: Accessory obturator nerve (if present) c . Genitofemoral nerve ( L2, 3 ) d . The tibial nerve ( S2 S3 ) 19. Adductor Magnus Insertion (Hamstring Part) (No Answer) a. The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) b . CORRECT: The adductor tubercle of the femur c . The tibial nerve ( S2 S3 ) d . The trochanteric fossa of the femur 20. Fibularis longus Action (No Answer) a. The trochanteric fossa of the femur b . CORRECT: Weak plantar flexor of the ankle c . Abducts flexed thigh d . Quadratus femoris 21. Internal pudendal artery (No Answer) a. Lies between the two fibular muscles, fibularis longus and fibularis brevis b . CORRECT: Supplies the external genitalia and muscles in the pelvic region (it does not supply any structures in the gluteal region) c . It also supplies the skin of the medial side of the foot as far as the head of the metatarsal d . When the thigh and leg are flexed, it can extend the trunk 22. Sartorius Action (No Answer) a. CORRECT: It also weakly abducts the thigh laterally rotates it b . The anterior branch of the obturator nerve c . It accompanies the pudendal nerve d . Laterally rotates the thigh 23. Sciatic nerve (ventral rami of L4, L5, S1, S2 and S3) (No Answer) a. CORRECT: At the superior angle of popliteal fossa, it divides into a medial, tibial and a lateral common peroneal/fibular nerves b . Arises from the popliteal surface of femur, superior to medial condyle c . It supplies cutaneous branches to the medial three and a half digits d . The inferior two-thirds of the lateral surface of fibula 24. Tensor fascia lata Origin (No Answer) a. Is strong, permits the free movement of the hip joint b . The smaller of the two terminal branches of the tibial nerve c . The smaller terminal branch of posterior tibial artery d . CORRECT: The anterior superior iliac spine and anterior part of the iliac crest 25. Femoral nerve (No Answer) a. The smallest terminal branch of the popliteal artery, supplies structures in the anterior compartment b . It supplies two muscle, inferior gamellus and quadratus femoris c . CORRECT: It supplies all the muscles of the anterior thigh, sartorius, rectus femoris, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius and vastus lateralis, except tensor fascia lata (which is supplied by superior gluteal nerve) d . It passes deep to the abductor hallucis and runs between this muscle and flexor digitorum brevis 26. Extensor digitorum longus Origin (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Superior three fourths of medial surface of the fibula b . Arises from the anterior and lateral surfaces of body of femur c . It is the major source of blood supply to the toes d . It descends on the anterior surface of the membrane 27. Pectineus Origin (No Answer) a. The superior border of greater trochanter of femur b . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve c . CORRECT: The pecton pubis of pectineal line of ilium on the superior ramus of pubis d . The posterolateral margin of the tendon of flexor digitorum longus 28. Tensor fascia lata Actions (No Answer) a. Runs with the small saphenous vein, runs between the two heads of the gastrocnemius muscle b . CORRECT: With the gluteus medius and minimus it produces medial rotation of the thigh and it contracts during abduction c . It supplies the skin on the distal part of the anterior surface of the leg d . Is formed by the union of branches form the tibial and common fibular nerves 29. Semimembranosus Nerve supply (No Answer) a. The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) b . The deep fibular ( peroneal ) nerve c . Superficial fibular nerve d . CORRECT: The tibial part of the sciatic nerve 30. Hip Muscle for Medial Rotation (No Answer) a. Eversion of the foot b . CORRECT: Anterior fibers of gluteus medius c . Gluteus maximus d . Lies inferior to inferior gamellus 31. Ligament of the head of the femor (No Answer) a. Lies deep to the sacrotuberous ligament, connects the lateral surface and sacrum and ischial spine b . A dense layer of connective tissue between the subcutaneous tissue and the muscles. c . CORRECT: Is weak, attaches to the margins of the acetabular notch and the transverse acetabular ligament and its narrow end attaches to the pit in the head of the femur d . The tendon grooves in the cuboid bone and into the base of I metatarsal and medial cuneiform 32. Inferior extensor retinaculum (No Answer) a. The inferior two-thirds of the lateral surface of fibula b . Is a slender muscle, against the lateral surface of the tibia c . Arises from the medial surface and lateral margin of plantar surface of calcaneus d . CORRECT: Is a 'Y' shaped band of deep fascia, attached laterally to the anterosuperior surface of calcaneus 33. Gluteus minimus Nerve supply (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The superior gluteal nerve ( L4 L5 S1 ) b . The tibial nerve ( S2 S3 ) c . The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) d . Genitofemoral nerve ( L2, 3 ) 34. Pudendal nerve (No Answer) a. CORRECT: It is a branch of sacral plexus b . Cutaneous branch of obturator nerve c . A branch of internal iliac artery d . Semimebranosus 35. Popliteus Actions (No Answer) a. Tensor Fascia Lata b . Interosseous membrane c . CORRECT: Weakly flexes the knee d . Vastus medialis 36. Plantar interossei (three) (No Answer) a. Psoas major is its medial part b . Arises from the greater trochanter and lateral lip of linea aspera of femur c . All the four muscles of the anterior leg d . CORRECT: Arises from the bases and medial sides of metatarsals 3 to 5 37. Flexor digitorum longus (No Answer) a. The medial lip of the linea aspera of the femur, above the insertion of adductor longus b . Runs with the small saphenous vein, runs between the two heads of the gastrocnemius muscle c . CORRECT: Lies medial to tibialis posterior muscle, arises from the medial part of the posterior surface of tibia, inferior to soleal line and by a broad tendon to fibula d . The most superficial gluteal muscle, is the largest and heaviest 38. Cutaneous nerves of the leg: Medial Sural Nerve (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Superficial cutaneous branch of tibial nerve b . Popliteal artery and its branches c . Superior half of lateral surface of tibia d . Lateral head of gastrocnemius 39. Cutaneous nerves of the leg: (No Answer) a. Linea aspera b . Anterior division of obturator nerve c . Semimembranosus d . CORRECT: Superficial fibular nerve 40. Quadriceps femoris Action (No Answer) a. Inverts the foot b . CORRECT: Extends leg at knee joint c . Extensor digitorum longus d . Flexes leg at knee joint 41. Fibularis brevis Actions (No Answer) a. Pectineus b . Adducts the thigh c . Fibularis brevis d . CORRECT: Everts the foot 42. Cutaneous nerve of the thigh: (No Answer) a. Extends the thigh b . Rectus femoris c . CORRECT: Subcostal nerve ( T12 ) d . Superficial fibular nerve 43. Ischiofemoral ligament (No Answer) a. Sural nerve supplies the lateral aspect of the foot, including part of the heel b . Steadies femoral head in acetabulum c . CORRECT: Tends to screws the femoral head medially into the acetabulum, preventing hyperextension of the hip joint d . It supplies the skin on the distal part of the anterior surface of the leg 44. Adductor brevis Nerve supply (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The anterior branch of the obturator nerve b . The anterior branch of obturator nerve c . The external surface of the obturator membrane d . The posterior branch of the obturator nerve 45. Hip Flexor Muscle (No Answer) a. Tendon of flexor digitorum longus b . CORRECT: Anterior part of adductor magnus c . Dorsal surface of sacrum d . Cutaneous branch of obturator nerve 46. Long Head of Biceps Femoris Nerve supply (No Answer) a. The tibial nerve ( L4 L5 S1 ) b . CORRECT: The tibial part of the sciatic nerve c . The margins of the obturator foramen d . Medial head of gastrocnemius 47. Fibularis brevis Actions (No Answer) a. Dorsiflexes the ankle b . Abduction and flexion of the 5th digit c . CORRECT: Weak plantar flexor of the ankle d . Branch of femoral nerve 48. Sural nerve (No Answer) a. The larger terminal branch of the popliteal artery b . CORRECT: Is formed by the union of branches form the tibial and common fibular nerves c . The anterior branch of the obturator nerve d . The deep branch of lateral plantar nerve 49. Extensor digitorum longus (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Is the most lateral of anterior leg muscles b . Posterior part of adductor magnus c . Nerve to obturator internus ( L5 S1 ) d . The short head of biceps femoris 50. Quadratus femoris Origin (No Answer) a. The ischial tuberosity b . CORRECT: The lateral border of ischial tuberosity c . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve d . Lies on the lateral side of thigh 51. Quadratus plantae Nerve supply (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The lateral plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) b . The tibial nerve ( S2 S3 ) c . The superior gluteal nerve ( L4 L5 S1 ) d . The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) 52. Extensor digitorum longus Actions (No Answer) a. Extends the thigh b . CORRECT: Dorsiflexes the ankle c . Deep femoral artery d . Rectus femoris 53. Floor of the popliteal fossa is formed by: (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The popliteus muscle b . The ischial tuberosity c . Pectineus d . Medial meniscus 54. Hip Muscle for Medial Rotation (No Answer) a. Gluteus medius b . Medial meniscus c . Semitendinosus d . CORRECT: Gluteus minimus 55. Tibialis anterior Action (No Answer) a. Saphenous nerve b . CORRECT: Inverts the foot c . Quadratus femoris d . Tibialis posterior 56. Small saphenous vein (No Answer) a. Is a strong, broad band of deep fascia passing from the fibula to the tibia, proximal to the malleoli b . CORRECT: Penetrates the deep fascia, ascends between the two heads of gastrocnemius, enters the popliteal fossa and joins the popliteal vein c . It adducts and flexes the thigh and assists in medial rotation of the thigh d . It begins at lower border of the popliteus muscle and passes deep to soleus 57. Deep fibular ( peroneal ) nerve supplies: (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Skin of the dorsum of foot between the I and II interdigital clefts b . Abduct the digits 2 to 4 and flex the metatarsophalangeal joints c . It has two parts, adductor and hamstring parts d . From the external surface of ilium, between the anterior and inferior gluteal lines 58. Soleus (No Answer) a. A narrow, pear - shaped muscle, located partly on the posterior wall of the lesser pelvis and partly posterior to the hip joint b . Superior three fourths of medial surface of the fibula c . The medial lip of the linea aspera of the femur, above the insertion of adductor longus d . CORRECT: Lies deep to gastrocnemius, arises from the posterior aspect of head of fibula, superior fourth of posterior surface of fibular soleal line and medial border of tibia 59. Cutaneous nerves of the foot: (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Calcaneal branches of the tibial and sural nerves supply the heel b . The margins of the obturator foramen c . It is the major source of blood supply to the toes d . The lateral plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) 60. Accessory soleus (No Answer) a. Great saphenous vein b . Abducts and medially rotate the thigh c . CORRECT: Present approximately 3% of the people d . Longest cutaneous nerve of the body 61. Deep muscle group of the foot (2 of 4) (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Tibialis posterior b . Linea aspera c . Flexes the leg d . Extends the thigh 62. Cutaneous nerves of the leg: Medial Sural Nerve (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Runs with the small saphenous vein, runs between the two heads of the gastrocnemius muscle b . Supplies the skin and fascia on the anterior and medial sides of the leg c . It is the major source of blood supply to the toes d . Runs on the medial side of the tibia, with the great saphenous vein 63. Adductor Magnus (Ischial Fibers) Nerve Supply (Hamstring Part) (No Answer) a. Helps to extend the knee b . CORRECT: The tibial part of the sciatic nerve c . The obturator artery d . The anterior branch of the obturator nerve 64. Superficial fibular nerve (No Answer) a. Flexes the proximal phalanx of the big toe ( hallux ) b . CORRECT: Lies between the two fibular muscles, fibularis longus and fibularis brevis c . Lies between the superior and inferior gamelli muscles d . Runs below the inferior border of piriformis 65. Obturator externus Nerve supply (No Answer) a. Posterior part of adductor magnus b . A branch of sacral plexus c . CORRECT: The posterior branch of the obturator nerve d . It is a branch of sacral plexus 66. Tibial nerve ( L4 L5 S1 S2 S3 ) (No Answer) a. Arises from the greater trochanter and lateral lip of linea aspera of femur b . CORRECT: It supplies all the eight muscles of posterior compartment of the leg (lateral head of gastrocnemius, medial head of gastrocnemius, soleus, plantaris, popliteus, flexor digitorum longus, tibialis posterior and flexor hallucis longus) c . The groove on the posterior part of the medial condyle of tibia d . Lies superficial to sacrospinous ligament and it connects the lateral surface of sacrum to ischial tuberosity 67. Inferior gamellus Actions (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Steadies femoral head in acetabulum b . Interosseous mebrnae c . Flexes lateral four digits d . Weakly plantarflexes the ankle 68. Posterior leg a.k.a. (No Answer) a. Flexes the thigh b . Gluteus maximus c . Flexes the leg d . CORRECT: Flexor Compartment 69. Hip Extensor Muscle (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Posterior part of adductor magnus b . Lateral head of gastrocnemius c . Obturator externus d . Flexor Compartment 70. Flexor hallucis longus Actions (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Weakly plantarflexes the ankle b . To some extent flexes the thigh c . Medial plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) d . Plantar flexion of the ankle 71. Posterior leg Superficial muscle (4 of 4) (No Answer) a. Gracilis b . Popliteal vein c . CORRECT: Plantaris d . Vastus medialis 72. Ligament of the knee joint (No Answer) a. Fibularis tertius b . Everts the foot c . CORRECT: Patellar ligament d . Popliteus 73. Tibial nerve ( L4 L5 S1 S2 S3 ) (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Deep to the flexor retinaculum of the foot, tibial nerve divides into the lateral and medial plantar nevers b . The superficial branch supplies cutaneous branches to the lateral one and a half digits c . The posterior surface of tibia superior to the soleal line d . Runs on the medial side of the tibia, with the great saphenous vein 74. Second layer of the sole has two muscles (1 of 2) (No Answer) a. Plantar flexes the ankle b . Great saphenous vein c . CORRECT: Plantar interossei d . Adductor longus 75. Fibularis ( peroneus ) tertius Nerve supply (No Answer) a. The superficial fibular ( peroneal ) nerve ( L5 S1 S2) b . The deep fibular ( peroneal ) nerve c . CORRECT: The deep fibular ( peroneal ) nerve (L5 S1) d . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve 76. Ligament of the ankle joint (No Answer) a. Great saphenous vein b . Flexor Compartment c . CORRECT: Medial ( deltoid ) ligament d . Tensor fascia lata 77. Fibularis longus Origin (No Answer) a. Adductor brevis b . CORRECT: The head of fibula c . Everts the foot d . The obturator artery 78. Inferior gamellus Nerve supply (No Answer) a. The lateral plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) b . CORRECT: The nerve to quadratus femoris ( L5 S1 ) c . By nerve to obturator internus ( L5 S1 ) d . The medial plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) 79. Adductor longus Nerve supply (No Answer) a. The femoral nerve b . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve c . The smaller of the two branches of tibial nerve d . CORRECT: The anterior branch of the obturator nerve 80. Flexor hallucis longus Actions (No Answer) a. Flexes the leg b . Helps to rotate it medially c . Flexor digitorum brevis d . CORRECT: Flexes the great toe at all joints 81. Popliteal artery (No Answer) a. Runs with the small saphenous vein, runs between the two heads of the gastrocnemius muscle b . It also supplies the hip joint and femoral artery c . CORRECT: It runs close to the articular capsule of the knee joint and gives five genicular branches, which supply the articular capsule and the ligaments of the knee joint d . It enters the thigh through the obturator foramen and divides into an anterior and a posterior branches 82. Hip Muscle for Lateral Rotation (No Answer) a. Lateral meniscus b . Gluteus medius c . CORRECT: Obturator externus d . Vastus lateralis 83. Abductor digiti minimi Action (No Answer) a. Abducts and flexes the big toe ( hallux ) b . Abducts and medially rotate the thigh c . Extends the thigh d . CORRECT: Abduction and flexion of the 5th digit 84. Flexor hallucis brevis Action (No Answer) a. Lies on the lateral side of thigh b . The posterior branch of the obturator nerve c . It is the primary flexor of the thigh d . CORRECT: Flexes the proximal phalanx of the big toe ( hallux ) 85. Quadratus plantae Action (No Answer) a. Adductor magnus (ischial fibers) b . Tendon of peroneus ( fibularis ) longus c . It passes inferolaterally through the popliteal fossa d . CORRECT: Assist flexor digitorum longus in flexing the lateral four digits 86. Adductor Magnus Actions (Hamstring Part) (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Extends the thigh b . Popliteal vein c . Laterally rotates the thigh d . Medial meniscus 87. Popoliteal fossa Boundary Inferolaterally (No Answer) a. Obturator internus b . Obturator externus c . Lateral superior genicular artery d . CORRECT: Lateral head of gastrocnemius 88. Gluteus maximus Insertion (No Answer) a. It leaves the pelvis through the greater sciatic foramen, is the landmark of the gluteal region b . The anterior superior iliac spine and anterior part of the iliac crest c . Lies inferior to tendon of obturator internus, arises from the ischial tuberosity d . CORRECT: Most of the fibers attach to the iliotibial tract and the remaining into the gluteal tuberosity 89. Posterior tibial artery (No Answer) a. A branch of internal iliac artery b . The lateral sides of 2nd to 4th digits c . The oblique popliteal ligament d . CORRECT: The larger terminal branch of the popliteal artery 90. Nerves of the dorsum of the foot: (No Answer) a. The _________ of the thigh is called fascia lata. b . The inferior gluteal nerve ( L5, S1, S2 ) c . The lateral border of ischial tuberosity d . CORRECT: Calcaneal branches of the tibial and sural nerves supply the heel 91. Quadriceps femoris Insertion (No Answer) a. CORRECT: All the four muscles join to form a single, strong, broad quadriceps tendon, attaches to the base of the patella and by the patellar ligament into the tibial tuberosity b . It runs with the great ( long ) saphanous vein, supplies the skin on the medial side of the leg and foot c . It also supplies the skin of the medial side of the foot as far as the head of the metatarsal d . Is the most superficial muscle of the posterior compartment, forms part of the prominence of the calf 92. Adductor longus Insertion (No Answer) a. The external surface of the obturator membrane b . CORRECT: The medial lip of the linea aspera of the femur c . The spiral line or pectineal line of femur d . The trochanteric fossa of the femur 93. Anterior leg Muscle (No Answer) a. Patellar ligament b . Extends lateral four digits c . Fibularis longus d . CORRECT: Extensor digitorum longus 94. Ligament of the knee joint (No Answer) a. It is the direct continuation of the anterior tibial artery b . Steadies the head of the femur in acetabulum c . CORRECT: Oblique popliteal ligament ( extension from the tendon of semimembranosus ) d . Arises from the ventral divisions of the ventral rami of L2, L3, L4 95. Quadriceps femoris Action (Rectus Femoris specifically) (No Answer) a. Abducts and medially rotate the thigh b . It also supplies the hip joint and femoral artery c . CORRECT: Also steadies hip joint and helps iliopsoas to flex the thigh d . It supplies the skin on the dorsum of the foot 96. Sartorius Nerve supply (No Answer) a. Saphenous nerve b . CORRECT: The femoral nerve c . Linea aspera d . Two gamelli 97. Gluteus minimus Actions (No Answer) a. The deep fibular ( peroneal ) nerve b . CORRECT: Keeps the pelvis level when opposite leg is raised c . It supplies the flexor digiti minimi brevis d . Plantar flexes the ankle when knee is extended 98. Deep fibular nerve (No Answer) a. Steadies the thigh and assists in rising from sitting position b . CORRECT: It supplies the skin on the contiguous sides of the 1st and 2nd toes c . It also supplies the hip joint and femoral artery d . Supplies the skin and fascia on the anterior and medial sides of the leg 99. Superior gamellus Actions (No Answer) a. Weakly flexes the knee b . Obturator externus c . Abducts flexed thigh d . CORRECT: Laterally rotates extended thigh 100 . Tibial part of the sciatic nerve innervates the four hamstring muscles (muscles of the back of thigh). One of them is: (No Answer) a. Abductor digiti minimi b . Quadratus plantae c . CORRECT: Adductor magnus (ischial fibers) d . A branch of sacral plexus 101 . Superior gluteal nerve ( L4 L5 S1 ) (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Innervates three muscles, gluteus medius, gluteus minimus and tensor fascia lata b . It supplies two muscles, superior gamellus and obturator internus c . It supplies two muscles, fibularis longus and fibularis brevis d . It also supplies the hip joint and femoral artery 102 . Gastrocnemius Action (No Answer) a. Plantar interossei b . Weak plantar flexor of the ankle c . Flexes the thigh d . CORRECT: Plantar flexes the ankle when knee is extended 103 . Extensor hallucis longus Actions (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Dorsiflexes the ankle b . Deep femoral artery c . Gluteus maximus d . Plantar flexion of the ankle 104 . Inferior gluteal nerve ( L5 S1 S2 ) (No Answer) a. Flexes the great toe at all joints b . The trochanteric fossa of the femur c . CORRECT: Runs below the inferior border of piriformis d . Longest cutaneous nerve of the body 105 . Dorsalis pedis artery/dorsal artery of the foot (No Answer) a. The adductor tubercle of the femur b . It is a branch of sacral plexus c . The deep branch of lateral plantar nerve d . CORRECT: It is the major source of blood supply to the toes 106 . Superficial fibular nerve (No Answer) a. CORRECT: It skin of the major part of the dorsum of the foot b . The common peroneal part of the sciatic nerve c . The trochanteric fossa of the femur d . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve 107 . Adductor longus Action (No Answer) a. Two gamelli b . CORRECT: Adducts the thigh c . Abducts flexed thigh d . Quadratus femoris 108 . Piriformis Origin (No Answer) a. Adductor magnus b . Everts the foot c . Lateral meniscus d . CORRECT: Sacrotuberous ligament 109 . Quadratus femoris Action (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Laterally rotates the thigh b . Plantar flexion of the ankle c . To some extent flexes the thigh d . Flexes the thigh 110 . Cutaneous nerves of the foot: (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Medial and lateral plantar nerves supply the sole of the foot b . The middle and distal phalanges of the lateral four digits c . Is the major artery that supplies the lower extremity d . Weakly assists gastrocnemius in plantarflexing the ankle 111 . Ligament of the knee joint (No Answer) a. Small ( short ) saphanous vein b . CORRECT: Fibular ( lateral ) collateral ligament c . Lies on the lateral side of thigh d . Flexor Compartment 112 . Hip Extensor Muscle (Hamstring) (No Answer) a. Obturator externus b . Fibularis tertius c . Linea aspera d . CORRECT: Long head of biceps femoris 113 . Third layer of the sole has three muscles (3 of 3) (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Flexor digiti minimi brevis ( lateral ) b . Extensor digitorum brevis c . The tibial nerve ( S2 S3 ) d . Plantar digital arteries arise from this 114 . Hip Muscle for Medial Rotation (No Answer) a. The obturator artery b . Unlocks the knee c . Flexor hallucis longus d . CORRECT: Tensor fascia lata 115 . Flexor digitorum longus Actions (No Answer) a. Flexes the thigh b . CORRECT: Flexes lateral four digits c . The obturator artery d . Fibularis brevis 116 . Ligament of the knee joint (No Answer) a. Interosseous membrane b . Sacrotuberous ligament c . CORRECT: Anterior cruciate ligament d . Long plantar ligament 117 . Genicular artery: (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Middle genicular artery b . Adductor longus c . Adductor brevis d . Flexor Compartment 118 . Obturator artery (No Answer) a. Lateral inferior genicular artery b . Steadies femoral head in acetabulum c . CORRECT: Arises from the internal iliac artery, d . Branch of sacral plexus 119 . Strongest Hip Flexor Muscle (No Answer) a. Gluteus maximus b . Adductor brevis c . CORRECT: Iliopsoas d . Semitendinosus 120 . Tibial nerve ( L4 L5 S1 S2 S3 ) (No Answer) a. The margins of the obturator foramen b . The posterior branch of the obturator nerve c . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve d . CORRECT: The largest terminal branch of the sciatic nerve 121 . Popliteus (No Answer) a. The lateral and posterior part of the inferior third of the leg and lateral side of the foot b . Lies deep to the gluteus medius, is a small fan shaped muscle c . CORRECT: Lies in the deeper part of the popliteal fossa, has an intracapsular origin, arises from the lateral surface of lateral condyle of femur (floor of the popliteal groove) and lateral meniscus d . It ascends anterior to the medial malleolus, ascends in the leg, runs posterior to the medial condyle of the femur 122 . Flexor digiti minimi brevis Nerve supply (No Answer) a. The superior gluteal nerve (L4 L5) b . CORRECT: The superficial branch of lateral plantar nerve (S2 S3) c . The medial plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) d . The posterior branch of the obturator nerve 123 . Great saphenous vein (No Answer) a. CORRECT: It ascends anterior to the medial malleolus, ascends in the leg, runs posterior to the medial condyle of the femur b . Is a long, straplike muscle lies along the medial side of thigh and knee c . It adducts and flexes the thigh and assists in medial rotation of the thigh d . A small, fan shaped muscle, deeply placed in the superomedial part of the thigh 124 . Dorsal interossei (four) 1st Insertion (No Answer) a. The base of proximal phalanx of the 5th digit b . The medial sides of bases of proximal phalanges of 3rd to 5th digits c . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve d . CORRECT: The medial side of proximal phalanx of 2nd digit 125 . Adductor Magnus Origin (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Adductor part from the inferior ramus of pubis and ramus of ischium b . Arises from the internal iliac artery, c . Arises from the plantar surfaces of cuboid and lateral cuneiform d . It supplies two muscle, inferior gamellus and quadratus femoris 126 . Plantaris (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Lies deep to lateral head of gastrocnemius, arises from the inferior end of the lateral supracondylar line of femur and oblique popliteal ligament b . Lies medial to tibialis posterior muscle, arises from the medial part of the posterior surface of tibia, inferior to soleal line and by a broad tendon to fibula c . The lateral lip of the linea aspera and lateral supracondylar line of femur d . Lies deep to gastrocnemius, arises from the posterior aspect of head of fibula, superior fourth of posterior surface of fibular soleal line and medial border of tibia 127 . Nerve to quadratus femoris ( L4 L5 S1) (No Answer) a. Abducts flexed thigh b . Adductor longus c . The head of fibula d . CORRECT: A branch of sacral plexus 128 . Obturator nerve (No Answer) a. It enters the thigh supplies the adductor muscles of the thigh b . The nerve terminates by dividing into superficial and deep branches c . CORRECT: It enters the thigh through the obturator foramen and divides into an anterior and a posterior branches d . It is the direct continuation of the anterior tibial artery 129 . Quadratus plantae Insertion (No Answer) a. The posterior surface of tibia superior to the soleal line b . CORRECT: The posterolateral margin of the tendon of flexor digitorum longus c . The smaller of the two branches of tibial nerve d . The base of proximal phalanx of the 5th digit 130 . Special features of the fascia lata are? (No Answer) a. Tibialis posterior b . The anterior surface of body of pubis c . Anterior fibers of gluteus medius d . CORRECT: 1. iliotibial tract 2. saphanous opening 131 . Semimembranosus Actions (No Answer) a. Flexes, abducts and laterally rotates the thigh at hip joint b . CORRECT: Dlexes the leg and rotate it medially when the knee is flexed c . Abducts and medially rotate the thigh d . Weak plantar flexor of the ankle 132 . Gluteus maximus Origin (No Answer) a. Saphanous nerve b . Interosseous membrane c . CORRECT: Sacrotuberous ligament d . Lateral ligament 133 . Deep fibular nerve (No Answer) a. It is the primary flexor of the thigh b . CORRECT: One of the terminal branches of common fibular nerve c . Anterior division of obturator nerve d . Lateral inferior genicular artery 134 . Abductor hallucis Nerve supply (No Answer) a. The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) b . The superior gluteal nerve ( L4 L5 S1 ) c . CORRECT: The medial plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) d . The femoral nerve ( L2 L3 L4 ) 135 . Tibialis anterior Insertion (No Answer) a. The inferior two-thirds of the lateral surface of fibula b . The body and inferior ramus of pubis c . The external surface of the obturator membrane d . CORRECT: The medial and inferior surfaces of medial cuneiform and base of first metatarsal bone 136 . Posterior leg Superficial muscle (2 of 4) (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Medial head of gastrocnemius b . Tibialis anterior c . A branch of sacral plexus d . Branch of femoral nerve 137 . Gluteus medius (No Answer) a. Lies deep to the pectineus and adductor longus muscles b . Lies on the lateral side of thigh c . CORRECT: Lies deep to gluteus maximus, is a small fan shaped muscle d . Is the most lateral of anterior leg muscles 138 . Superior gamellus Actions (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Abducts flexed thigh b . Abductor hallucis c . Extends the thigh d . Adductor brevis 139 . Semitendinosus Insertion (No Answer) a. It descends on the anterior surface of the membrane b . The smaller of the two branches of tibial nerve c . CORRECT: The superior part of the medial surface of tibia d . The anterior branch of the obturator nerve 140 . Anterior leg Muscle (No Answer) a. Gracilis b . CORRECT: Extensor hallucis longus c . Extends the thigh d . Flexor digitorum longus 141 . Second layer of the sole has two muscles (1 of 2) (No Answer) a. Linea aspera b . Adducts the thigh c . Extends the great toe d . CORRECT: Quadratus plantae 142 . Dorsal interossei (four) 2nd-4th Insertion (No Answer) a. Lateral head of gastrocnemius b . Flexes lateral four digits c . The lateral plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) d . CORRECT: The lateral sides of 2nd to 4th digits 143 . Flexor hallucis brevis Nerve supply (No Answer) a. The deep fibular ( peroneal ) nerve b . CORRECT: The medial plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) c . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve d . Iliohypogastric nerve ( L1 ) 144 . Lumbricals Nerve supply (No Answer) a. By the femoral nerve and anterior branch of obturator nerve b . From the external surface of ilium, between the anterior and inferior gluteal lines c . CORRECT: First ( medial ) lumbrical is by the medial plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) and the lateral three are by the lateral plantar nerve d . Lines the fibrous capsule and covers the neck of the femur and non articular area of the acetabulum 145 . Cutaneous nerves of the leg: (No Answer) a. Superficial fibular nerves b . A branch of internal iliac artery c . Anterior division of obturator nerve d . CORRECT: Lateral sural nerve (branch of common peroneal/fibular nerve) 146 . Adductor brevis (No Answer) a. Runs deep to the adductor longus b . The deep fibular ( peroneal ) nerve c . Posterior part of adductor magnus d . CORRECT: Lies deep to the pectineus and adductor longus muscles 147 . Branches of the dorsalis pedis artery (No Answer) a. CORRECT: First dorsal metatarsal artery divides into branches that supply both sides of the great toe and the medial side of the 2nd toe b . Lateral cutaneous nerve of thigh (branch of lumbar plexus, runs all the way to the knee) c . The iliotibial tract that attaches to the lateral condyle of tibia d . It divides into two digital nerves and supply cutaneous branches to the lateral one and a half digits 148 . Deep Fascia (No Answer) a. Is a fusiform muscle that lies deep to the fibularis longus and is shorter b . The thickened part of the fascia lata on the lateral side of the thigh. c . CORRECT: A dense layer of connective tissue between the subcutaneous tissue and the muscles. d . It descends on the anterior surface of the membrane 149 . Medial plantar nerve (No Answer) a. The posterior branch of the obturator nerve b . It descends on the anterior surface of the membrane c . The largest terminal branch of the sciatic nerve d . CORRECT: The larger of the two terminal branches of the tibial nerve 150 . Great saphenous vein (No Answer) a. It supplies the skin on the dorsum of the foot b . Is formed by the union of branches form the tibial and common fibular nerves c . Transmits the great saphenous vein to enter the femoral vein. d . CORRECT: It ascends in the thigh, enters the saphenous opening and joins the femoral vein 151 . Dorsalis pedis artery/dorsal artery of the foot (No Answer) a. It begins deep to the flexor retinaculum and runs medial to the lateral plantar artery, between the first and second layer of muscles b . CORRECT: It passes to the I interosseous space, where it divides into a deep plantar artery, that passes to the sole of the foot, where it joins with the plantar arch c . It enters the thigh through the obturator foramen and divides into an anterior and a posterior branches d . It is continued downwards, into the back of thigh as far as the popliteal fossa 152 . Anterior branch of obturator nerve (No Answer) a. It supplies the skin on the contiguous sides of the 1st and 2nd toes b . CORRECT: It supplies the pectineus, gracilis, adductor longus and adductor brevis c . It supplies the muscles, abductor digit minimi and quadratus plantae d . Lies between the two fibular muscles, fibularis longus and fibularis brevis 153 . Adductor Magnus (Ischial Fibers) Origin (No Answer) a. Extends the thigh b . CORRECT: The ischial tuberosity c . Medial meniscus d . Tensor fascia lata 154 . Anterior leg Muscle (No Answer) a. Vastus intermedius b . Flexes the thigh c . CORRECT: Fibularis tertius d . Plantaris 155 . Plantar interossei (three) Nerve supply (No Answer) a. Extends lateral four digits b . The superior gluteal nerve (L4 L5) c . Nerve to obturator internus ( L5 S1 ) d . CORRECT: Lateral plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) 156 . Fibularis brevis (No Answer) a. Runs deep to the adductor longus b . CORRECT: Is a fusiform muscle that lies deep to the fibularis longus and is shorter c . It lies between the two fibular muscles, fibularis longus and fibularis brevis d . Extends from the iliac crest to the lateral condyle of the tibia. 157 . Superficial fibular nerve (No Answer) a. CORRECT: It supplies two muscles, fibularis longus and fibularis brevis b . It supplies the pectineus, gracilis, adductor longus and adductor brevis c . Both sides of middle phalanges of later four digits d . It also supplies the hip joint and femoral artery 158 . Lateral plantar artery (No Answer) a. The posterior branch of the obturator nerve b . The largest and most important branch of the posterior tibial artery c . Supplies the skin and fascia on the anterior and medial sides of the leg d . CORRECT: The larger terminal branch of the posterior tibial artery accompanies the lateral plantar nerve 159 . The tendon of biceps femoris is inserted into: (No Answer) a. Tibialis anterior b . CORRECT: The head of fibula c . Popliteus d . Tensor Fascia Lata 160 . Sacrotuberous ligament (No Answer) a. Superior three fourths of medial surface of the fibula b . CORRECT: Lies superficial to sacrospinous ligament and it connects the lateral surface of sacrum to ischial tuberosity c . The smaller of the two terminal branches of the tibial nerve d . Intermediate cutaneous nerve of thigh (branch of femoral nerve) 161 . Adductor Magnus (Ischial Fibers) (No Answer) a. The tibial part of the sciatic nerve b . Medial head of gastrocnemius c . CORRECT: Is the big muscle, lies deep to semitendinosus and semimembranosus d . Is a fusiform muscle that lies deep to the fibularis longus and is shorter 162 . Obturator Externus Origin (No Answer) a. Dorsal surface of sacrum b . One of the terminal branches of the common peroneal nerve c . CORRECT: From the external surface of the obturator membrane d . The lateral surface of greater trochanter of femur 163 . Nerves of the dorsum of the foot: (No Answer) a. Vastus lateralis b . CORRECT: Saphenous nerve c . Femoral nerve d . Pectineus 164 . Adductor Magnus (Ischial Fibers) Insertion (No Answer) a. Arises from the anterior and lateral surfaces of body of femur b . CORRECT: The medial lip of the linea aspera, medial supracondylar lie of femur as far the adductor tubercle of the femur c . The iliotibial tract that attaches to the lateral condyle of tibia d . The lateral and posterior part of the inferior third of the leg and lateral side of the foot 165 . Tibialis anterior Nerve supply (No Answer) a. The tibial nerve ( S2 S3 ) b . The superior gluteal nerve (L4 L5) c . CORRECT: The deep fibular ( peroneal ) nerve ( L4 L5 ) d . The deep fibular ( peroneal ) nerve 166 . Hip joint (No Answer) a. CORRECT: It is a strong and stable multiaxial ball and socket type of synovial joint, the femoral head is the ball and acetabulum is the socket b . Is a slender muscle, against the lateral surface of the tibia c . Arises from the medial surface and lateral margin of plantar surface of calcaneus d . It is also a postural muscle that is active during standing by preventing hyperextension of the hip joint 167 . Ligament of the sole (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Long plantar ligament b . Dorsiflexes the ankle c . Saphenous nerve d . Sacrotuberous ligament 168 . Branches of the dorsalis pedis artery (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Arcuate artery runs laterally and gives of 2nd, 3rd and 4th dorsal metatarsal arteries, each divides into dorsal digital arteries b . The larger terminal branch of the posterior tibial artery accompanies the lateral plantar nerve c . The lateral lip of the linea aspera and lateral supracondylar line of femur d . The largest and most important branch of the posterior tibial artery 169 . Adductor Magnus Insertion (Adductor Part) (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Linea aspera b . Everts the foot c . Iliopsoas d . Adductor brevis 170 . Lateral plantar nerve (No Answer) a. It supplies the pectineus, gracilis, adductor longus and adductor brevis b . CORRECT: It supplies the muscles, abductor digit minimi and quadratus plantae c . Steadies the head of the femur in acetabulum d . It supplies two muscles, superior gamellus and obturator internus 171 . Pudendal nerve (No Answer) a. Iliacus is its lateral part b . Superficial fibular nerves c . Runs above the superior border of piriformis d . CORRECT: Runs with the internal pudendal vessels 172 . Femoral nerve (No Answer) a. Adductor part from the inferior ramus of pubis and ramus of ischium b . CORRECT: It is the largest branch of the lumbar plexus, arises from the dorsal divisions of ventral rami of L2, L3 L4 c . It supplies the skin on the distal part of the anterior surface of the leg d . The superficial branch supplies cutaneous branches to the lateral one and a half digits 173 . Fibularis brevis Insertion (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The dorsal surface of the tuberosity on the lateral side of base of 5th metatarsal bone b . The tendocalcaneus and attaches to the posterior surface of the calcaneus c . The dorsum of the base of the 5th metatarsal bone d . The medial lip of the linea aspera of the femur 174 . Semitendinosus Actions (No Answer) a. Abducts flexed thigh b . Flexes the knee c . CORRECT: Extends the thigh d . Adducts the thigh 175 . Hip Muscle for Lateral Rotation (No Answer) a. Biceps femoris b . Rectus femoris c . Iliopsoas d . CORRECT: Gluteus maximus 176 . Cutaneous nerves of the foot: (No Answer) a. Tibialis posterior b . The tibial nerve ( S2 S3 ) c . Quadratus femoris d . CORRECT: Superficial fibular nerves 177 . Genicular artery: (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Medial superior genicular artery b . Superficial fibular nerves c . Medial ( deltoid ) ligament d . Medial meniscus 178 . Lateral plantar nerve (No Answer) a. The superior part of the medial surface of tibia b . The margins of the obturator foramen c . CORRECT: The nerve terminates by dividing into superficial and deep branches d . The largest cutaneous branch of the femoral nerve 179 . Fibularis ( peroneus ) tertius Actions (No Answer) a. Unlocks the knee b . Everts the foot c . Extends the thigh d . CORRECT: Eversion of the foot 180 . Piriformis Actions (No Answer) a. Abductor digiti minimi b . Flexes the thigh c . Adductor brevis d . CORRECT: Abducts flexed thigh 181 . Ligament of the knee joint (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Medial meniscus b . Gluteus maximus c . Gluteus medius d . Gluteus minimus 182 . Obturator nerve (No Answer) a. From the external surface of the obturator membrane b . Arises from the anterior and lateral surfaces of body of femur c . CORRECT: Arises from the ventral divisions of the ventral rami of L2, L3, L4 d . The margins of the obturator foramen 183 . Adductor Magnus (No Answer) a. Is a thin muscle, that lies deep b . CORRECT: Is the largest muscle in the adductor group c . The adductor tubercle of the femur d . The anterior branch of the obturator nerve 184 . Flexor digiti minimi brevis (No Answer) a. The external surface of the obturator membrane b . Passes deep to the extensor retinaculum c . The posterior branch of the obturator nerve d . CORRECT: Arises from the base of the 5th metatarsal bone 185 . Nerve to obturator internus ( L5 S1 S2 ) (No Answer) a. CORRECT: It supplies two muscles, superior gamellus and obturator internus b . The posterior branch of the obturator nerve c . It supplies the adductor brevis, adductor magnus and obturator externus d . By the femoral nerve and anterior branch of obturator nerve 186 . Adductor hallucis Nerve supply (No Answer) a. It is a branch of sacral plexus b . CORRECT: The deep branch of lateral plantar nerve c . The posterior branch of the obturator nerve d . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve 187 . Nerves of the dorsum of the foot: (No Answer) a. It adducts and flexes the thigh and assists in medial rotation of the thigh b . Is a slender muscle, against the lateral surface of the tibia c . The common peroneal part of the sciatic nerve d . CORRECT: Sural nerve supplies the lateral aspect of the foot, including part of the heel 188 . Tensor fascia lata Insertion (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The iliotibial tract that attaches to the lateral condyle of tibia b . The anterior branch of the obturator nerve c . The tendocalcaneus and attaches to the posterior surface of calcaneus d . The spiral line or pectineal line of femur 189 . Iliofemoral ligament (No Answer) a. It is a fusiform, two headed, two joint muscle, with a medial head slightly larger b . CORRECT: Prevents hyperextension of the hip joint during standing by screwing the femoral head into the acetabulum c . Lines the fibrous capsule and covers the neck of the femur and non articular area of the acetabulum d . It supplies the skin on the distal part of the anterior surface of the leg 190 . Hip ADduction Muscle (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Adductor longus b . Iliopsoas c . Semitendinosus d . Gluteus minimus 191 . Saphenous nerve (No Answer) a. Steadies the head of the femur in acetabulum b . The medial lip of the linea aspera of the femur c . It supplies the skin on the dorsum of the foot d . CORRECT: Supplies the skin and fascia on the anterior and medial sides of the leg 192 . Saphenous opening (No Answer) a. Arises from the adjacent sides of 1 to 5 metatarsal bones b . Is the largest muscle in the adductor group c . CORRECT: Transmits the great saphenous vein to enter the femoral vein. d . Small ( short ) saphanous vein 193 . Ligament of the sole (No Answer) a. Medial ( deltoid ) ligament b . Obturator internus c . CORRECT: Short plantar ligament d . Posterior cruciate ligament 194 . Hip ADduction Muscle (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Pectineus b . Adductor brevis c . Semimebranosus d . Adductor magnus 195 . Adductor brevis Origin (No Answer) a. The popliteus muscle b . Runs above the superior border of piriformis c . CORRECT: The body and inferior ramus of pubis d . The tibial nerve ( S2 S3 ) 196 . Lateral circumflex femoral artery. Branch of: (No Answer) a. Tensor Fascia Lata b . Popliteus c . Semimebranosus d . CORRECT: Deep femoral artery 197 . Piriformis Origin (No Answer) a. Lateral inferior genicular artery b . CORRECT: From the anterior surface of sacrum c . The anterior surface of body of pubis d . The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) 198 . Plantaris Insertion (No Answer) a. CORRECT: It runs medial to tendocancaneus and joins it and attaches to the posterior surface of calcaneus b . It skin of the major part of the dorsum of the foot c . It begins at the inferior border of the popliteus muscle d . The inferior two-thirds of the lateral surface of fibula 199 . Extensor hallucis longus Nerve supply (No Answer) a. Tendon of tibialis posterior b . CORRECT: The deep fibular ( peroneal ) nerve c . The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) d . The anterior branch of the obturator nerve 200 . Lateral head of gastrocnemius Actions (No Answer) a. The femoral nerve b . Patellar ligament c . Flexes the great toe at all joints d . CORRECT: Flexes leg at knee joint 201 . Genicular artery: (No Answer) a. Laterally rotates the thigh b . A branch of sacral plexus c . CORRECT: Lateral inferior genicular artery d . Interosseous membrane 202 . Soleus Actions (No Answer) a. Obturator externus b . CORRECT: Plantar flexes the ankle c . Flexes the leg d . Plantar flexion of the ankle 203 . Anterior tibial artery (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The smallest terminal branch of the popliteal artery, supplies structures in the anterior compartment b . The dorsal aspect of the base of the distal phalanx of great / big toe ( hallux ) c . The largest branch of internal iliac artery d . The posterior branch of the obturator nerve 204 . Dorsal interossei (four) Nerve supply (No Answer) a. The nerve to quadratus femoris ( L5 S1 ) b . CORRECT: The lateral plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) c . Weakly plantarflexes the ankle d . The obturator artery 205 . Iliopsoas (No Answer) a. CORRECT: It is also a postural muscle that is active during standing by preventing hyperextension of the hip joint b . Flexes, abducts and laterally rotates the thigh at hip joint c . Arises from the ventral divisions of the ventral rami of L2, L3, L4 d . Usually associated with pain and edema during prolonged exercise 206 . Semimembranosus Insertion (No Answer) a. The inferior two-thirds of the lateral surface of fibula b . The anterior surface of the greater trochanter of femur c . Extends from the iliac crest to the lateral condyle of the tibia. d . CORRECT: The groove on the posterior part of the medial condyle of tibia 207 . Popliteus Nerve supply (No Answer) a. Subcostal nerve ( T12 ) b . CORRECT: The tibial nerve ( L4 L5 S1 ) c . The femoral nerve d . The lateral condyle of tibia 208 . Adductor Magnus Actions (No Answer) a. Everts the foot b . CORRECT: Adducts the thigh c . Extends the thigh d . Adductor brevis 209 . Short Head of Biceps Femoris Actions (No Answer) a. Flexes leg at knee joint b . Steadies femoral head in acetabulum c . CORRECT: Extends the thigh (when starting to walk) d . Passes through the obturator foramen 210 . Fibular/Peroneal Compartment Muscles (No Answer) a. Abductor hallucis b . CORRECT: Fibularis longus c . Gluteus maximus d . Piriformis 211 . Medial thigh muscle (No Answer) a. Lateral meniscus b . Adductor Compartment c . CORRECT: Adductor longus d . Pectineus 212 . Semimembranosus Actions (No Answer) a. CORRECT: When the thigh and leg are flexed, it can extend the trunk b . It is the primary flexor of the thigh c . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve d . It is the major source of blood supply to the toes 213 . Cutaneous nerve of the thigh: (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Cutaneous branch of obturator nerve b . Lateral head of gastrocnemius c . The short head of biceps femoris d . The deep fibular ( peroneal ) nerve 214 . Gluteus maximus Nerve supply (No Answer) a. Genitofemoral nerve ( L2, 3 ) b . CORRECT: The inferior gluteal nerve ( L5, S1, S2 ) c . The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) d . The superficial fibular (peroneal) nerve (L5 S1 S2) 215 . Popoliteal fossa Deep Contents (3 of 3) (No Answer) a. Soleus b . Gracilis c . CORRECT: Popliteal vein d . Gluteus maximus 216 . Adductor Magnus (Ischial Fibers) Action (Hamstring Part) (No Answer) a. Lateral ligament b . Abducts flexed thigh c . Adductor longus d . CORRECT: Extends the thigh 217 . Synovial membrane of the hip joint (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Lines the fibrous capsule and covers the neck of the femur and non articular area of the acetabulum b . The dorsal aspect of the base of the distal phalanx of great / big toe ( hallux ) c . Steadies the head of the femur in acetabulum d . Superior three fourths of medial surface of the fibula 218 . Gastrocnemius Action (No Answer) a. Adducts the thigh b . CORRECT: Raises heel during walking c . Extends the thigh d . Vastus intermedius 219 . Inferior gluteal artery (No Answer) a. Middle genicular artery b . Extends lateral four digits c . CORRECT: A branch of internal iliac artery d . Sacrotuberous ligament 220 . Extensor digitorum longus Origin (No Answer) a. Obturator internus b . CORRECT: Interosseous membrane c . Lateral meniscus d . Interosseous mebrnae 221 . Fibularis brevis Origin (No Answer) a. The anterior surface of the greater trochanter of femur b . Flexion of lateral four toes c . CORRECT: The inferior two-thirds of the lateral surface of fibula d . The posterior branch of the obturator nerve 222 . Obturator internus and gamelli form: (No Answer) a. It supplies the muscles, abductor digit minimi and quadratus plantae b . CORRECT: A tricipital (three-headed muscle), sometimes called triceps coxae, which occupies the gap between the piriformis and quadratus femoris c . It supplies the skin on the contiguous sides of the 1st and 2nd toes d . After giving the fibular ( peroneal ) artery, it runs downwards with the tibial nerve deep to the superficial muscles 223 . Flexor hallucis brevis (No Answer) a. The anterior branch of the obturator nerve b . Flexes the proximal phalanx of the big toe ( hallux ) c . The middle and distal phalanges of the lateral four digits d . CORRECT: Arises from the plantar surfaces of cuboid and lateral cuneiform 224 . Flexor hallucis longus (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The base of the distal phalanx of great toe ( big toe / hallux ) b . The tibial part of sciatic nerve c . The larger terminal branch of the popliteal artery d . The anterior surface of body of pubis 225 . Accessory soleus (No Answer) a. The body and inferior ramus of pubis b . Steadies the trunk on thigh c . CORRECT: Usually associated with pain and edema during prolonged exercise d . Superficial cutaneous branch of tibial nerve 226 . Fibrous capsule (No Answer) a. Plantar flexion of the ankle b . All the four muscles of the anterior leg c . CORRECT: Is strong, permits the free movement of the hip joint d . Steadies the leg on foot 227 . Cutaneous nerves of the foot: (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Sural nerve supplies the lateral aspect of the foot, including part of the heel b . Is strong, permits the free movement of the hip joint c . The dorsum of the base of the 5th metatarsal bone d . The superior part of the medial surface of tibia 228 . Medial thigh muscles a.k.a. (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Adductor Compartment b . Adducts the thigh c . Abducts flexed thigh d . Adductor brevis 229 . Sartorius Action (No Answer) a. To some extent flexes the thigh b . Flexes the leg and rotate it medially when knee is flexed c . Lies on the lateral side of thigh d . CORRECT: Flexes, abducts and laterally rotates the thigh at hip joint 230 . Flexor digitorum brevis Nerve supply (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Medial plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) b . Superficial fibular nerves c . Tibialis anterior d . Weak plantar flexor of the ankle 231 . Abductor digiti minimi (No Answer) a. The quadrate tubercle on the intertrochanteric crest of the femur b . Arises from the popliteal surface of femur, superior to medial condyle c . CORRECT: Arises from the medial and lateral tubercles of calcaneal tuberosity, plantar aponeurosis and intermuscular septa d . Arises from the medial surface and lateral margin of plantar surface of calcaneus 232 . Extensor digitorum longus Insertion (No Answer) a. The base of the distal phalanges of the lateral four digits b . The base of proximal phalanx of the 5th digit c . CORRECT: The middle and distal phalanges of the lateral four digits d . The medial aspect of dorsal digital expansion over the lateral four digits 233 . The extention of the semimembranosus tendon forms: (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The oblique popliteal ligament b . Tibial ( medial ) collateral ligament c . Long plantar ligament d . Popliteal vein 234 . Gluteus medius Insertion (No Answer) a. The posterior branch of the obturator nerve b . CORRECT: The lateral surface of greater trochanter of femur c . The superior border of greater trochanter of femur d . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve 235 . Sural nerve (No Answer) a. The groove on the posterior part of the medial condyle of tibia b . CORRECT: It supplies skin along the lateral margin of the foot and lateral side of the 5th digit c . Is a slender muscle, against the lateral surface of the tibia d . Arises from the ventral divisions of the ventral rami of L2, L3, L4 236 . Obturator Externus Actions (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Steadies the head of the femur in acetabulum b . It supplies the skin on the dorsum of the foot c . The head of fibula d . Steadies femoral head in acetabulum 237 . Sartorius Insertion (No Answer) a. The inferior third of the anterior surface of fibula b . CORRECT: The superior part of the medial surface of tibia c . The base of proximal phalanx of the 5th digit d . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve 238 . Common peroneal part innervates: (No Answer) a. The body and inferior ramus of pubis b . The femoral nerve c . CORRECT: The short head of biceps femoris d . The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) 239 . Semimembranosus (No Answer) a. Psoas major is its medial part b . It also supplies the hip joint and femoral artery c . Is the largest muscle in the adductor group d . CORRECT: Is a broad muscle, lies on the medial side, deep to semitendinosus 240 . Quadratus femoris Action (No Answer) a. Tensor fascia lata b . Flexes the great toe at all joints c . Lateral head of gastrocnemius d . CORRECT: Steadies femoral head in acetabulum 241 . Cutaneous nerves of the leg: (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Lateral cutaneous nerve of calf (a branch of common peroneal nerve) b . The larger of the two terminal branches of the tibial nerve c . Cutaneous branch of obturator nerve d . Intermediate cutaneous nerve of thigh (branch of femoral nerve) 242 . Second layer of the sole has two tendons (2 of 2) (No Answer) a. Posterior tibial artery b . The ischial tuberosity c . Branch of femoral nerve d . CORRECT: Tendon of tibialis posterior 243 . Medial plantar nerve (No Answer) a. CORRECT: It passes deep to the abductor hallucis and runs between this muscle and flexor digitorum brevis b . It lies between the two fibular muscles, fibularis longus and fibularis brevis c . Is formed by the union of branches form the tibial and common fibular nerves d . Lies deep to the gluteus medius, is a small fan shaped muscle 244 . Superficial branch of lateral plantar nerve (No Answer) a. By the femoral nerve and anterior branch of obturator nerve b . Lies deep to the pectineus and adductor longus muscles c . CORRECT: It divides into two digital nerves and supply cutaneous branches to the lateral one and a half digits d . It supplies the skin on the distal part of the anterior surface of the leg 245 . Adductor Magnus (Ischial Fibers) Nerve Supply (Adductor Part) (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The posterior branch of the obturator nerve b . The lateral plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) c . Anterior cruciate ligament d . Posterior cruciate ligament 246 . Tensor fascia lata Actions (No Answer) a. Dorsiflexes the ankle b . CORRECT: Helps to extend the knee c . Plantar interossei d . Adducts the thigh 247 . Obturator externus (No Answer) a. The pecton pubis of pectineal line of ilium on the superior ramus of pubis b . CORRECT: A small, fan shaped muscle, deeply placed in the superomedial part of the thigh c . The thickened part of the fascia lata on the lateral side of the thigh. d . The anterior superior iliac spine and superior part of the notch below it 248 . Obturator Externus Actions (No Answer) a. Adducts the thigh b . Unlocks the knee c . Dorsal interossei d . CORRECT: Laterally rotates the thigh 249 . Femoral nerve (No Answer) a. CORRECT: It runs lateral to the femoral artery, in the front of thigh and divides into several branches b . It begins at lower border of the popliteus muscle and passes deep to soleus c . It runs backwards into the posterior compartment of the thigh d . It runs on the lateral side of the medial plantar artery and terminates by dividing into sensory (cutaneous) branches 250 . Gastrocnemius (No Answer) a. It also supplies the knee joint and the popliteal artery b . Supplies mainly the muscles of the great toe and digital arteries supply the circulation of the toes c . CORRECT: Is the most superficial muscle of the posterior compartment, forms part of the prominence of the calf d . The larger of the two terminal branches of the tibial nerve 251 . Lateral leg a.k.a. (No Answer) a. The obturator artery b . Adductor Compartment c . CORRECT: Fibular/Peroneal Compartment d . Extensor Compartment 252 . Gracilis (No Answer) a. A large, fan shaped muscle is located most anteriorly b . CORRECT: Is a long, straplike muscle lies along the medial side of thigh and knee c . It supplies cutaneous branches to the medial three and a half digits d . It supplies the skin on the contiguous sides of the 1st and 2nd toes 253 . Deep muscle group of the foot (3 of 4) (No Answer) a. Obturator externus b . CORRECT: Flexor digitorum longus c . Flexes leg at knee joint d . Extensor hallucis longus 254 . Superficial fibular nerve (No Answer) a. CORRECT: A branch of the common fibular nerve, arises at the level of neck of fibula b . Joins with the long head of biceps femoris and attaches to the head of fibula c . The superior border of greater trochanter of femur d . The smaller of the two terminal branches of the tibial nerve 255 . Iliopsoas (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Psoas major is its medial part b . Long plantar ligament c . Popliteal vein d . Vastus intermedius 256 . Lumbricals Actions (No Answer) a. Begins in the inferior to the distal border of the popliteus b . CORRECT: Flex proximal phalanges and extend middle and distal phalanges of lateral four digits c . The dorsal aspect of the base of the distal phalanx of great / big toe ( hallux ) d . Calcaneal branches of the tibial and sural nerves supply the heel 257 . Hip ADduction Muscle (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Adductor brevis b . Adducts the thigh c . Pectineus d . Adductor magnus 258 . Semitendinosus Nerve supply (No Answer) a. The tibial nerve ( L4 L5 S1 ) b . Anterior part of adductor magnus c . The tibial nerve ( S2 S3 ) d . CORRECT: The tibial part of sciatic nerve 259 . Posterior leg Superficial muscle (1 of 4) (No Answer) a. Flexes lateral four digits b . CORRECT: Lateral head of gastrocnemius c . Lateral superior genicular artery d . Extends the great toe 260 . Sciatic nerve (ventral rami of L4, L5, S1, S2 and S3) (No Answer) a. It ascends in the thigh, enters the saphenous opening and joins the femoral vein b . Intermediate cutaneous nerve of thigh (branch of femoral nerve) c . CORRECT: It is continued downwards, into the back of thigh as far as the popliteal fossa d . It is the major source of blood supply to the toes 261 . Popoliteal fossa Deep Contents (2 of 3) (No Answer) a. Dorsiflexes the ankle b . CORRECT: Popliteal artery and its branches c . Dorsal surface of sacrum d . Patellar ligament 262 . Piriformis Insertion (No Answer) a. The superior part of the medial surface of tibia b . The posterior branch of the obturator nerve c . CORRECT: The superior border of greater trochanter of femur d . The lateral border of ischial tuberosity 263 . First layer of the sole has three muscles (2 of 3) (No Answer) a. Flexes the thigh b . Femoral nerve c . Vastus lateralis d . CORRECT: Flexor digitorum brevis 264 . Gluteus minimus Origin (No Answer) a. The largest and most important branch of the posterior tibial artery b . CORRECT: From the external surface of ilium, between the anterior and inferior gluteal lines c . A dense layer of connective tissue between the subcutaneous tissue and the muscles. d . The posterior branch of the obturator nerve 265 . Hip Extensor Muscle (Hamstring) (No Answer) a. Medial meniscus b . Adductor longus c . Popliteal vein d . CORRECT: Semitendinosus 266 . Fibularis longus Origin (No Answer) a. Lateral head of gastrocnemius b . Superior three fourths of medial surface of the fibula c . CORRECT: Superior two-thirds of lateral surface of fibula d . Steadies the head of the femur in acetabulum 267 . Adductor hallucis Insertion (No Answer) a. Flexes the proximal phalanx of the big toe ( hallux ) b . CORRECT: Tendons of both heads attach to lateral side of base of proximal phalnx of big toe ( hallux ) c . The inferior two-thirds of the lateral surface of fibula d . The posterolateral margin of the tendon of flexor digitorum longus 268 . Piriformis (No Answer) a. Is the most superficial muscle of the posterior compartment, forms part of the prominence of the calf b . Supplies the skin and fascia on the anterior and medial sides of the leg c . CORRECT: A narrow, pear - shaped muscle, located partly on the posterior wall of the lesser pelvis and partly posterior to the hip joint d . Is strong, permits the free movement of the hip joint 269 . Hip Muscle for Lateral Rotation (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Piriformis b . Profunda femoris artery c . Quadratus plantae d . Gluteus maximus 270 . Hip joint (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Forms the connection between the lower limb and the pelvic girdle b . The deep branch of lateral plantar nerve c . Runs below the inferior border of piriformis d . A large, fan shaped muscle is located most anteriorly 271 . Femoral artery (No Answer) a. It ascends in the thigh, enters the saphenous opening and joins the femoral vein b . CORRECT: It runs through the adductor hiatus (large tendinous opening in the adductor magnus muscle) and continues as the popliteal artery c . A dense layer of connective tissue between the subcutaneous tissue and the muscles. d . It emerges through the greater sciatic foramen, below the lower border of piriformis muscle 272 . Posterior tibial artery (No Answer) a. It emerges through the greater sciatic foramen, below the lower border of piriformis muscle b . CORRECT: After giving the fibular ( peroneal ) artery, it runs downwards with the tibial nerve deep to the superficial muscles c . It runs with the great ( long ) saphanous vein, supplies the skin on the medial side of the leg and foot d . The posterior surface of tibia superior to the soleal line 273 . Flexor digitorum brevis Insertion (No Answer) a. Arises from the internal iliac artery, b . CORRECT: Both sides of middle phalanges of later four digits c . Lateral plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) d . The tibial part of sciatic nerve 274 . Flexor digitorum longus Actions (No Answer) a. Helps to extend the knee b . Flexes the leg c . Laterally rotates the thigh d . CORRECT: Plantar flexion of the ankle 275 . Popliteal artery (No Answer) a. Runs on the medial side of the tibia, with the great saphenous vein b . CORRECT: Is the continuation of the femoral artery, begins when the artery passes through the adductor hiatus c . It supplies cutaneous branches to the medial three and a half digits d . The smaller of the two terminal branches of the tibial nerve 276 . Superior extensor retinaculum (No Answer) a. The medial lip of the linea aspera of the femur, above the insertion of adductor longus b . The tendocalcaneus and attaches to the posterior surface of the calcaneus c . Is a 'Y' shaped band of deep fascia, attached laterally to the anterosuperior surface of calcaneus d . CORRECT: Is a strong, broad band of deep fascia passing from the fibula to the tibia, proximal to the malleoli 277 . Extensor hallucis longus (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Is a thin muscle, that lies deep b . Vastus intermedius c . Adducts the thigh d . Plantar flexes the ankle 278 . Deep fibular ( peroneal ) nerve supplies: (No Answer) a. The posterior branch of the obturator nerve b . The margins of the obturator foramen c . CORRECT: All the four muscles of the anterior leg d . The anterior branch of the obturator nerve 279 . Genicular artery: (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Lateral superior genicular artery b . Great saphenous vein c . Deep femoral artery d . Lateral meniscus 280 . Popoliteal fossa Superficial Contents (1 of 2) (No Answer) a. Popliteal vein b . CORRECT: Small ( short ) saphanous vein c . Small saphenous vein d . Tensor Fascia Lata 281 . Hip ADduction Muscle (No Answer) a. Obturator internus b . CORRECT: Obturator externus c . Lateral meniscus d . Fibularis tertius 282 . Long Head of Biceps Femoris (No Answer) a. Flexes the thigh b . Laterally rotates extended thigh c . Flexes lateral four digits d . CORRECT: Lies on the lateral side of thigh 283 . Ligament of the sole (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Spring ligament (plantar calcaneo-navicular ligament) b . Medial plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) c . From the lateral condyle d . Iliacus is its lateral part 284 . Ligament of the knee joint (No Answer) a. Flexor Compartment b . CORRECT: Transverse ligament c . Gluteus maximus d . Femoral nerve 285 . Obturator Externus Nerve supply (No Answer) a. Anterior cruciate ligament b . Passes through the obturator foramen c . CORRECT: The posterior branch of the obturator nerve d . Extends the great toe 286 . Posterior tibial artery (No Answer) a. It supplies cutaneous branches to the medial three and a half digits b . The pelvis surface of obturator membrane and surrounding bones c . CORRECT: It begins at lower border of the popliteus muscle and passes deep to soleus d . Calcaneal branches of the tibial and sural nerves supply the heel 287 . Popoliteal fossa (No Answer) a. CORRECT: A diamond shaped hollow in the back of the knee b . Longest cutaneous nerve of the body c . Weak plantar flexor of the ankle d . It is the primary flexor of the thigh 288 . Lateral plantar nerve (No Answer) a. From the external surface of the obturator membrane b . The spiral line or pectineal line of femur c . CORRECT: The smaller of the two terminal branches of the tibial nerve d . Lies inferior to piriformis, arises from the ischial spine 289 . Great saphenous vein (No Answer) a. Supplies the skin and fascia on the anterior and medial sides of the leg b . Arises on the lateral side of the foot from the union of the dorsal vein of the little toe and the dorsal venous arch c . CORRECT: Formed by the union of the dorsal vein of the great toe and the dorsal venous arch of the foot d . From the middle part of the anterior surface of fibula 290 . Obturator internus Actions (No Answer) a. Vastus intermedius b . CORRECT: Laterally rotates extended thigh c . Laterally rotates the thigh d . Steadies the trunk on thigh 291 . Anterior tibial artery (No Answer) a. It supplies the skin on the distal part of the anterior surface of the leg b . Penetrates the deep fascia, ascends between the two heads of gastrocnemius, enters the popliteal fossa and joins the popliteal vein c . CORRECT: It ends at the ankle joint, midway between the two malleioli, where it becomes the dorsalis pedis artery (dorsal artery of the foot) d . It leaves the popliteal fossa between the two heads of gastrocnemius 292 . Quadriceps femoris (No Answer) a. The trochanteric fossa of the femur b . Iliacus is its lateral part c . The short head of biceps femoris d . CORRECT: A four headed femoral muscle, consists of four parts. 293 . Popoliteal fossa Boundary Inferomedially (No Answer) a. The head of fibula b . Branch of sacral plexus c . Lateral head of gastrocnemius d . CORRECT: Medial head of gastrocnemius 294 . Quadriceps femoris: Vastus medialis (No Answer) a. Dlexes the leg and rotate it medially when the knee is flexed b . Arises from the bases and medial sides of metatarsals 3 to 5 c . The anterior surface of the greater trochanter of femur d . CORRECT: Arises from the intertrochanteric line and medial lip of linea aspera of the femur 295 . Gracilis Origin (No Answer) a. Nerve to quadratus femoris b . The anterior surface of body of pubis c . CORRECT: The body and inferior ramus of pubis d . The tibial nerve ( L4 L5 S1 ) 296 . Deep fibular ( peroneal ) nerve (No Answer) a. Arises from the anterior inferior iliac spine superior to acetabulum b . It supplies two muscles, fibularis longus and fibularis brevis c . The pecton pubis of pectineal line of ilium on the superior ramus of pubis d . CORRECT: It arises between the fibularis ( peroneus ) longus and neck of the fibula and accompanies the anterior tibial artery 297 . Fibularis ( peroneus ) tertius Insertion (No Answer) a. The external surface of the obturator membrane b . Arises from the base of the 5th metatarsal bone c . CORRECT: The dorsum of the base of the 5th metatarsal bone d . The posterior branch of the obturator nerve 298 . Adductor brevis Insertion (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The medial lip of the linea aspera of the femur, above the insertion of adductor longus b . The tendocalcaneus and attaches to the posterior surface of the calcaneus c . Arises from the popliteal surface of femur, superior to medial condyle d . The anterior surface of the greater trochanter of femur 299 . Fibularis brevis Nerve supply (No Answer) a. The superior gluteal nerve ( L4 L5 S1 ) b . CORRECT: The superficial fibular ( peroneal ) nerve ( L5 S1 S2) c . Nerve to piriformis ( ventral rami of S1 S2 ) d . The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) 300 . Third layer of the sole has three muscles (2 of 3) (No Answer) a. Anterior fibers of gluteus medius b . Medial plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) c . Superficial fibular nerves d . CORRECT: Adductor hallucis ( oblique and transverse heads ) 301 . Dorsal interossei (four) Action (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Abduct the digits 2 to 4 and flex the metatarsophalangeal joints b . The dorsum of the base of the 5th metatarsal bone c . The lateral sides of 2nd to 4th digits d . The posterior branch of the obturator nerve 302 . Tensor fascia lata Nerve supply (No Answer) a. The deep fibular ( peroneal ) nerve (L5 S1) b . The obturator artery c . CORRECT: The superior gluteal nerve (L4 L5) d . The superior gluteal nerve ( L4 L5 S1 ) 303 . Cutaneous nerve of the thigh: (Saphenous nerve) (No Answer) a. The smaller of the two branches of tibial nerve b . CORRECT: Runs on the medial side of the tibia, with the great saphenous vein c . The medial side of proximal phalanx of 2nd digit d . Lies inferior to piriformis, arises from the ischial spine 304 . Extensor hallucis longus Origin (No Answer) a. Biceps femoris b . Gluteus maximus c . CORRECT: Interosseous membrane d . Obturator externus 305 . Second layer of the sole has two tendons (1 of 2) (No Answer) a. Abductor hallucis b . Tendon of tibialis posterior c . Tensor Fascia Lata d . CORRECT: Tendon of flexor hallucis longus 306 . Inferior gluteal nerve ( L5 S1 S2 ) (No Answer) a. Long head of biceps femoris b . CORRECT: It innervates the muscle, gluteus maximus c . Vastus medialis d . Extends lateral four digits 307 . Femoral artery (No Answer) a. The larger of the two terminal branches of the tibial nerve b . The longest cutaneous nerve of the body, arises from the femoral nerve c . CORRECT: It is the continuation of the external iliac artery, runs in the front of thigh, medial to the femoral nerve d . It also supplies the skin of the medial side of the foot as far as the head of the metatarsal 308 . Flexor digiti minimi brevis Insertion (No Answer) a. It is the primary flexor of the thigh b . Both sides of middle phalanges of later four digits c . CORRECT: The base of proximal phalanx of the 5th digit d . Present approximately 3% of the people 309 . Saphenous opening (No Answer) a. Arises from the lateral aspect of lateral condyle of femur b . Superficial cutaneous branch of tibial nerve c . The larger of the two terminal branches of the tibial nerve d . CORRECT: Lies in the fascia lata, 4 cm inferolateral to the pubic tubercle. 310 . Branches of medial plantar nerve (No Answer) a. It supplies two muscles, superior gamellus and obturator internus b . Profunda femoris (deep femoral) artery, is a branch of femoral artery c . Runs medial and parallel to the sciatic nerve, all the way to the knee d . CORRECT: It supplies abductor hallucis, flexor digitorum brevis, flexor hallucis brevis and medial lumbrical muscle 311 . Superior gamellus (No Answer) a. The anterior branch of the obturator nerve b . The nerve to quadratus femoris ( L5 S1 ) c . The posterior branch of the obturator nerve d . CORRECT: Lies inferior to piriformis, arises from the ischial spine 312 . Obturator Externus Origin (No Answer) a. The posterior branch of the obturator nerve b . The anterior branch of obturator nerve c . CORRECT: The margins of the obturator foramen d . The ischial tuberosity 313 . Posterior branch (No Answer) a. CORRECT: It also supplies the knee joint and the popliteal artery b . Arises from the internal iliac artery, c . It also weakly abducts the thigh laterally rotates it d . It has two parts, adductor and hamstring parts 314 . Deep Fascia (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The _________ of the leg is called fascia cruris. b . The trochanteric fossa of the femur c . The adductor tubercle of the femur d . The lateral border of ischial tuberosity 315 . Iliotibial Tract (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Extends from the iliac crest to the lateral condyle of the tibia. b . The tendocalcaneus and attaches to the posterior surface of the calcaneus c . Arises from the anterior and lateral surfaces of body of femur d . The superior part of the medial surface of tibia 316 . Fibularis longus Action (No Answer) a. Popliteus b . Pectineus c . Adducts the thigh d . CORRECT: Everts the foot 317 . Short head of biceps femoris (No Answer) a. Abductor digiti minimi b . The popliteus muscle c . Adductor magnus d . CORRECT: Is not a hamstring muscle 318 . Pubofemoral ligament (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Arises from the obturator crest of the pubic bone and passes laterally and mergews wsitht eh fibrouws capwsule of the hip joint b . Calcaneal branches of the tibial and sural nerves supply the heel c . A branch of the common fibular nerve, arises at the level of neck of fibula d . From the external surface of ilium, between the anterior and inferior gluteal lines 319 . Hip ABduction Muscle (No Answer) a. Gracilis b . Flexor hallucis longus c . CORRECT: Tensor fascia lata d . Sartorius 320 . First layer of the sole has three muscles (1 of 3) (No Answer) a. Sartorius b . CORRECT: Abductor hallucis c . Coccyx d . Extensor Compartment 321 . Cutaneous nerve of the thigh: (No Answer) a. From the external surface of the obturator membrane b . The external surface of the obturator membrane c . CORRECT: Intermediate cutaneous nerve of thigh (branch of femoral nerve) d . It also supplies the hip joint and femoral artery 322 . Hip Flexor Muscle (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Adductor brevis b . Gracilis c . Obturator externus d . Piriformis 323 . Lateral plantar nerve (No Answer) a. Popliteal artery and its branches b . CORRECT: It divides into a superficial and a deep branches c . Tendon of peroneus ( fibularis ) longus d . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve 324 . Inferior gluteal artery (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Leaves the pelvis through greater sciatic foramen, inferior to piriformis b . Runs above the superior border of piriformis c . The pelvis surface of obturator membrane and surrounding bones d . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve 325 . Tibialis anterior (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Is a slender muscle, against the lateral surface of the tibia b . It enters the thigh supplies the adductor muscles of the thigh c . Longest cutaneous nerve of the body d . Extension of thigh and assists in lateral rotation 326 . Iliopsoas (No Answer) a. Linea aspera b . Eversion of the foot c . Interosseous membrane d . CORRECT: Iliacus is its lateral part 327 . Popoliteal fossa Deep Contents (1 of 3) (No Answer) a. The largest cutaneous branch of the femoral nerve b . It also supplies the knee joint and the popliteal artery c . One of the terminal branches of the common peroneal nerve d . CORRECT: Termination of sciatic nerve into tibial and commom peroneal nerves 328 . Adductor brevis Actions (No Answer) a. Vastus medialis b . Gluteus maximus c . Adductor magnus d . CORRECT: Adducts the thigh 329 . Quadriceps femoris muscle: (No Answer) a. Biceps femoris b . Adductor longus c . Adductor brevis d . CORRECT: Rectus femoris 330 . Superior gluteal artery (No Answer) a. It leaves the pelvis through the greater sciatic foramen, is the landmark of the gluteal region b . CORRECT: Leaves the pelvis through greater sciatic foramen, superior to piriformis c . The posterior surface of tibia superior to the soleal line d . From the iluim posterior to the posterior gluteal line 331 . Gluteus medius Nerve supply (No Answer) a. The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) b . The anterior surface of body of pubis c . The deep fibular ( peroneal ) nerve (L5 S1) d . CORRECT: The superior gluteal nerve ( L4 L5 S1 ) 332 . Short Head of Biceps Femoris Nerve supply (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The common peroneal part of the sciatic nerve b . The posterior branch of the obturator nerve c . Tendon of peroneus ( fibularis ) longus d . The largest terminal branch of the sciatic nerve 333 . Hip Muscle for Lateral Rotation (No Answer) a. Everts the foot b . Adductor brevis c . Patellar ligament d . CORRECT: Quadratus femoris 334 . Flexor digitorum brevis (No Answer) a. The medial sides of bases of proximal phalanges of 3rd to 5th digits b . Arises from the internal iliac artery, c . Innervates three muscles, gluteus medius, gluteus minimus and tensor fascia lata d . CORRECT: Arises from the medial tubercle of calcaneon tuberosity, plantar aponeurosis and intermuscular septa 335 . Branches of medial plantar nerve (No Answer) a. Steadies femoral head in acetabulum b . Calcaneal branches of the tibial and sural nerves supply the heel c . CORRECT: Cutaneous branches to the medial three and a half digits d . Runs with the internal pudendal vessels 336 . Quadriceps femoris muscle: (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Vastus lateralis b . Obturator externus c . Gluteus minimus d . Adductor brevis 337 . Superior gluteal nerve ( L4 L5 S1 ) (No Answer) a. Lies on the lateral side of thigh b . Posterior part of adductor magnus c . Steadies the leg on foot d . CORRECT: Runs above the superior border of piriformis 338 . Posterior cutaneous nerve of thigh: (No Answer) a. Medial and lateral plantar nerves supply the sole of the foot b . CORRECT: Runs medial and parallel to the sciatic nerve, all the way to the knee c . It passes deep to the extensor retinaculum of the foot d . Abducts and medially rotate the thigh 339 . Fibularis ( peroneus ) tertius Origin (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The inferior third of the anterior surface of fibula b . The external surface of the obturator membrane c . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve d . The superior part of the medial surface of tibia 340 . Piriformis (No Answer) a. The most superficial gluteal muscle, is the largest and heaviest b . It adducts and flexes the thigh and assists in medial rotation of the thigh c . CORRECT: It leaves the pelvis through the greater sciatic foramen, is the landmark of the gluteal region d . The anterior superior iliac spine and anterior part of the iliac crest 341 . Superficial fibular nerve (No Answer) a. Weak plantar flexor of the ankle b . The margins of the obturator foramen c . CORRECT: It supplies the skin on the dorsum of the foot d . Runs deep to the adductor brevis 342 . Quadratus femoris (No Answer) a. Long head of biceps femoris b . CORRECT: Lies inferior to inferior gamellus c . Lies between the superior and inferior gamelli muscles d . The four lumbricals 343 . Femoral artery (No Answer) a. The tibial part of the sciatic nerve b . Keeps the pelvis level when opposite leg is raised c . The trochanteric fossa of the femur d . CORRECT: Is the major artery that supplies the lower extremity 344 . Ligament of the knee joint (No Answer) a. Sacrotuberous ligament b . Vastus lateralis c . CORRECT: Tibial ( medial ) collateral ligament d . Long plantar ligament 345 . Popoliteal fossa Superficial Contents (2 of 2) (No Answer) a. Dorsal surface of sacrum b . The tibial part of sciatic nerve c . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve d . CORRECT: Sural nerve ( branch of tibial nerve ) 346 . Gracilis Actions (No Answer) a. Everts the foot b . Lateral ligament c . CORRECT: Flexes the leg d . Patellar ligament 347 . Deep fibular nerve (No Answer) a. It passes inferolaterally through the popliteal fossa b . CORRECT: It passes deep to the extensor retinaculum of the foot c . Supports longitudinal arches of the foot d . Weak plantar flexor of the ankle 348 . Extensor digitorum longus Nerve supply (No Answer) a. The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) b . Femoral nerve c . CORRECT: The deep fibular ( peroneal ) nerve d . Superficial fibular nerves 349 . Cutaneous nerve of the thigh: (No Answer) a. The lateral plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) b . The tibial nerve ( L4 L5 S1 ) c . CORRECT: Genitofemoral nerve ( L2, 3 ) d . The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) 350 . Dorsal interossei (four) (No Answer) a. Present approximately 3% of the people b . Extension of thigh and assists in lateral rotation c . Arises from the popliteal surface of femur, superior to medial condyle d . CORRECT: Arises from the adjacent sides of 1 to 5 metatarsal bones 351 . Gastrocnemius (No Answer) a. It is the major source of blood supply to the toes b . The larger of the two terminal branches of the tibial nerve c . CORRECT: It is a fusiform, two headed, two joint muscle, with a medial head slightly larger d . Arises from the ventral divisions of the ventral rami of L2, L3, L4 352 . Extensor hallucis longus Actions (No Answer) a. Femoral nerve b . From the lateral condyle c . Gluteus maximus d . CORRECT: Extends the great toe 353 . Deep fibular ( peroneal ) nerve (No Answer) a. Lateral cutaneous nerve of calf (a branch of common peroneal nerve) b . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve c . CORRECT: One of the terminal branches of the common peroneal nerve d . One of the terminal branches of common fibular nerve 354 . Superior gluteal artery (No Answer) a. The lateral sides of 2nd to 4th digits b . CORRECT: Supplies gluteus medius and gluteus minimus c . Small ( short ) saphanous vein d . Semitendinosus 355 . Lateral plantar nerve (No Answer) a. Supplies mainly the muscles of the great toe and digital arteries supply the circulation of the toes b . It passes deep to the abductor hallucis and runs between this muscle and flexor digitorum brevis c . CORRECT: It begins deep to the flexor retinaculum and runs medial to the lateral plantar artery, between the first and second layer of muscles d . It ascends anterior to the medial malleolus, ascends in the leg, runs posterior to the medial condyle of the femur 356 . Anterior tibial artery (No Answer) a. It supplies the skin on the distal part of the anterior surface of the leg b . It passes deep to the extensor retinaculum of the foot c . CORRECT: It passes through the gap in the upper part of the interosseous membrane d . Arises from the base of the 5th metatarsal bone 357 . Semimembranosus Origin (No Answer) a. Dorsal interossei b . Rectus femoris c . CORRECT: The ischial tuberosity d . Adducts the thigh 358 . Obturator externus Origin (No Answer) a. The oblique popliteal ligament b . Branch of femoral nerve c . CORRECT: The margins of the obturator foramen d . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve 359 . Popliteus Actions (No Answer) a. Extends the thigh b . CORRECT: Unlocks the knee c . Gluteus maximus d . Adducts the thigh 360 . Abductor digiti minimi Nerve supply (No Answer) a. The tibial nerve ( S2 S3 ) b . The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) c . CORRECT: The lateral plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) d . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve 361 . Flexor digitorum brevis Action (No Answer) a. Steadies the trunk on thigh b . Flexor digitorum brevis c . Femoral nerve d . CORRECT: Flexion of lateral four toes 362 . Sartorius (No Answer) a. Is the major artery that supplies the lower extremity b . Transmits the great saphenous vein to enter the femoral vein. c . Extends from the iliac crest to the lateral condyle of the tibia. d . CORRECT: Longest muscle of the body, 'tailor's muscle' ribbon like muscle that passes obliquely lateral to medial 363 . Iliotibial Tract (No Answer) a. It skin of the major part of the dorsum of the foot b . The iliotibial tract that attaches to the lateral condyle of tibia c . CORRECT: The thickened part of the fascia lata on the lateral side of the thigh. d . The superior part of the medial surface of tibia 364 . Second layer of the sole has two tendons (1 of 2) (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Tendon of peroneus ( fibularis ) longus b . Long head of biceps femoris c . Runs deep to the adductor longus d . Medial superior genicular artery 365 . Hip Muscle for Lateral Rotation (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Obturator internus b . Adductor brevis c . Adductor magnus d . Obturator externus 366 . Sural nerve supplies the skin of: (No Answer) a. Runs medial and parallel to the sciatic nerve, all the way to the knee b . The pecton pubis of pectineal line of ilium on the superior ramus of pubis c . CORRECT: The lateral and posterior part of the inferior third of the leg and lateral side of the foot d . The lateral lip of the linea aspera and lateral supracondylar line of femur 367 . Nerves of the dorsum of the foot: (No Answer) a. The deep fibular ( peroneal ) nerve b . It supplies the skin on the dorsum of the foot c . CORRECT: Deep fibular nerve supplies the dorsum of the foot d . Is the major artery that supplies the lower extremity 368 . Abductor hallucis (No Answer) a. Arises from the greater trochanter and lateral lip of linea aspera of femur b . Arises from the internal iliac artery, c . It supplies the pectineus, gracilis, adductor longus and adductor brevis d . CORRECT: Arises from the medial tuberosity of calceneus, flexor retinaculum and plantar aponeurosis 369 . Nerve to the hip joint (No Answer) a. The ischial tuberosity b . Long head of biceps femoris c . CORRECT: Nerve to quadratus femoris d . Saphenous nerve 370 . Posterior Thigh Muscles a.k.a. (No Answer) a. Short plantar ligament b . CORRECT: Flexor Compartment c . Obturator externus d . Adductor Compartment 371 . Flexor digiti minimi brevis Action (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Flexes proximal phalanx of 5th digit, thereby assisting with its flexion b . Flexes the proximal phalanx of the big toe ( hallux ) c . The medial surface of greater trochanter of femur d . Arises from the base of the 5th metatarsal bone 372 . Superior gamellus Insertion (No Answer) a. Lateral head of gastrocnemius b . The medial lip of the linea aspera of the femur c . CORRECT: The medial surface of greater trochanter of femur d . The anterior branch of the obturator nerve 373 . Hip Flexor Muscle (No Answer) a. Adducts the thigh b . CORRECT: Rectus femoris c . Abductor hallucis d . Plantaris 374 . Sacrospinous ligament (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Lies deep to the sacrotuberous ligament, connects the lateral surface and sacrum and ischial spine b . Superior half of lateral surface of tibia c . The iliotibial tract that attaches to the lateral condyle of tibia d . The superficial branch of lateral plantar nerve (S2 S3) 375 . Genicular artery: (No Answer) a. Superficial fibular nerves b . Deep femoral artery c . Lies inferior to inferior gamellus d . CORRECT: Medial inferior genicular artery 376 . Gluteus maximus Origin (No Answer) a. Two gamelli b . CORRECT: Coccyx c . Gluteus medius d . Flexes the leg 377 . Semitendinosus Origin (No Answer) a. It is the direct continuation of the anterior tibial artery b . The medial sides of bases of proximal phalanges of 3rd to 5th digits c . The medial surface of greater trochanter of femur d . CORRECT: The ischial tuberosity, in common origin with the long head of biceps femoris 378 . Superficial vein of the lower limb (No Answer) a. Abducts flexed thigh b . Gluteus maximus c . CORRECT: Small saphenous vein d . Two gamelli 379 . Tibialis anterior Action (No Answer) a. Extends the thigh b . Weakly plantarflexes the ankle c . CORRECT: Dorsiflexes the ankle d . Flexes the thigh 380 . Popliteal artery (No Answer) a. It descends on the anterior surface of the membrane b . It innervates the muscle, gluteus maximus c . CORRECT: It passes inferolaterally through the popliteal fossa d . Is the most lateral of anterior leg muscles 381 . Quadriceps femoris: Vsastus intermedius (No Answer) a. The anterior surface of body of pubis b . Arises from the adjacent sides of 1 to 5 metatarsal bones c . CORRECT: Arises from the anterior and lateral surfaces of body of femur d . From the middle part of the anterior surface of fibula 382 . Medial thigh muscle (No Answer) a. Gluteus maximus b . Femoral nerve c . CORRECT: Adductor brevis d . Adductor longus 383 . Plantar interossei (three) Insertion (No Answer) a. The external surface of the obturator membrane b . The smaller of the two branches of tibial nerve c . CORRECT: The medial sides of bases of proximal phalanges of 3rd to 5th digits d . The medial side of proximal phalanx of 2nd digit 384 . Adductor Magnus Actions (Adductor Part) (No Answer) a. Flexes the leg b . Extends the great toe c . CORRECT: Flexes the thigh d . Everts the foot 385 . Anterior tibial artery (No Answer) a. From the anterior surface of sacrum b . Supplies gluteus medius and gluteus minimus c . CORRECT: It begins at the inferior border of the popliteus muscle d . Steadies the head of the femur in acetabulum 386 . Flexor hallucis longus Nerve supply (No Answer) a. The femoral nerve b . The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) c . CORRECT: The tibial nerve ( S2 S3 ) d . The head of fibula 387 . Lateral plantar nerve (No Answer) a. The larger of the two terminal branches of the tibial nerve b . CORRECT: The superficial branch supplies cutaneous branches to the medial one and a half digits c . It divides into two digital nerves and supply cutaneous branches to the lateral one and a half digits d . The tendocalcaneus and attaches to the posterior surface of calcaneus 388 . Gluteus maximus Actions (No Answer) a. Hamstring part from the ischial tuberosity b . CORRECT: Extension of thigh and assists in lateral rotation c . Steadies femoral head in acetabulum d . Tibial ( medial ) collateral ligament 389 . One of the two muscles attached to the Iliotibial Tract. (No Answer) a. Linea aspera b . Gluteal tuberosity c . Fibularis tertius d . CORRECT: Gluteus Maximus 390 . Inferior gamellus Actions (No Answer) a. Adductor magnus b . Adductor brevis c . Rectus femoris d . CORRECT: Abducts flexed thigh 391 . Branches of the dorsalis pedis artery (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Deep plantar artery passes deep to through the I interosseous space to participate in the formation of the deep plantar arch by joining with the lateral plantar artery b . It ascends in the thigh, enters the saphenous opening and joins the femoral vein c . Medial and lateral plantar nerves supply the sole of the foot d . The larger of the two terminal branches of the tibial nerve 392 . Adductor Magnus Insertion (Adductor Part) (No Answer) a. Tensor fascia lata b . CORRECT: Medial supracondylar line c . Medial plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) d . The obturator artery 393 . Ligament of the knee joint (No Answer) a. Tibialis posterior b . The popliteus muscle c . Abducts flexed thigh d . CORRECT: Arcuate poltieal ligament 394 . Medial thigh muscle (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Obturator externus b . Short plantar ligament c . Everts the foot d . Extensor Compartment 395 . liofemoral ligament (No Answer) a. It passes deep to the extensor retinaculum of the foot b . Runs medial and parallel to the sciatic nerve, all the way to the knee c . It is the direct continuation of the anterior tibial artery d . CORRECT: Is 'Y' shaped and attaches to the anterior inferior iliac spine and the intertrochanteric line of the femur 396 . Lateral head of gastrocnemius (No Answer) a. Fibular ( lateral ) collateral ligament b . CORRECT: Arises from the lateral aspect of lateral condyle of femur c . Arises from the internal iliac artery, d . The medial surface of greater trochanter of femur 397 . Internal pudendal artery (No Answer) a. Popliteal vein b . Superficial fibular nerve c . Femoral nerve d . CORRECT: It accompanies the pudendal nerve 398 . Anterior tibial artery (No Answer) a. CORRECT: It descends on the anterior surface of the membrane b . The adductor tubercle of the femur c . Is a slender muscle, against the lateral surface of the tibia d . From the anterior surface of sacrum 399 . Extensor hallucis longus Origin (No Answer) a. The smaller of the two branches of tibial nerve b . The medial surface of greater trochanter of femur c . The superior part of the medial surface of tibia d . CORRECT: From the middle part of the anterior surface of fibula 400 . Arteries of the posterior thigh (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Four perforating arteries (branches of pofunda femoris artery) pierce the muscle vastus lateralis muscle b . Lateral sural nerve (branch of common peroneal/fibular nerve) c . One of the terminal branches of common fibular nerve d . The larger terminal branch of the posterior tibial artery accompanies the lateral plantar nerve 401 . Semitendinosus (No Answer) a. The chief flexor of the thigh, when the thigh is flexed, it flexes the trunk on the hip b . CORRECT: Is a fusiform belly and a long, lies on the medial side, with a cordlike tendon that begins proximal two-thirds of the way down the thigh c . It ends at the inferior border of the popliteus by dividing into the anterior and posterior tibial arteries d . Usually apprears as a distal belly medial to the calcaneal tendon 402 . Adductor longus Origin (No Answer) a. Medial head of gastrocnemius b . The anterior branch of obturator nerve c . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve d . CORRECT: The anterior surface of body of pubis 403 . Nerve to quadratus femoris ( L4 L5 S1) (No Answer) a. CORRECT: It supplies two muscle, inferior gamellus and quadratus femoris b . The body and inferior ramus of pubis c . Supports longitudinal arches of the foot d . It supplies the muscles, abductor digit minimi and quadratus plantae 404 . Inferior gamellus (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Lies inferior to tendon of obturator internus, arises from the ischial tuberosity b . Lies in the fascia lata, 4 cm inferolateral to the pubic tubercle. c . By nerve to obturator internus ( L5 S1 ) d . The inferior two-thirds of the lateral surface of fibula 405 . Obturator externus Origin (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The external surface of the obturator membrane b . Passes through the obturator foramen c . The spiral line or pectineal line of femur d . The posterior surface of tibia superior to the soleal line 406 . Nerve to the hip joint (No Answer) a. Lateral superior genicular artery b . CORRECT: Anterior division of obturator nerve c . The anterior branch of obturator nerve d . Interosseous mebrnae 407 . Gluteus medius Origin (No Answer) a. The lateral surface of greater trochanter of femur b . CORRECT: From the external surface of ilium, between anterior and posterior gluteal lines c . From the iluim posterior to the posterior gluteal line d . Skin of the dorsum of foot between the I and II interdigital clefts 408 . Gluteus minimus Insertion (No Answer) a. The tibial part of the sciatic nerve b . The trochanteric fossa of the femur c . CORRECT: The anterior surface of the greater trochanter of femur d . The lateral surface of greater trochanter of femur 409 . Fibular/peroneal artery (No Answer) a. CORRECT: It descends toward the fibula gives muscular branches to the popliteus and other muscles in the posterior and lateral compartments of the leg b . It divides into two digital nerves and supply cutaneous branches to the lateral one and a half digits c . It runs with the great ( long ) saphanous vein, supplies the skin on the medial side of the leg and foot d . It supplies cutaneous branches to the medial three and a half digits 410 . Posterior leg Superficial muscle (3 of 4) (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Soleus b . Gracilis c . Semitendinosus d . Sartorius 411 . Saphenous nerve (No Answer) a. The deep fibular ( peroneal ) nerve b . CORRECT: The largest cutaneous branch of the femoral nerve c . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve d . The largest terminal branch of the sciatic nerve 412 . Anterior leg a.k.a. (No Answer) a. Flexor Compartment b . CORRECT: Extensor Compartment c . Adductor magnus d . Tensor fascia lata 413 . Internal pudendal artery (No Answer) a. The tibial part of the sciatic nerve b . Runs above the superior border of piriformis c . Flexes the great toe at all joints d . CORRECT: Enters the gluteal region through greater sciatic foramen 414 . Flexor digitorum longus Nerve supply (No Answer) a. Deep femoral artery b . The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) c . CORRECT: The tibial nerve ( S2 S3 ) d . Eversion of the foot 415 . Medial thigh muscle (No Answer) a. Quadratus femoris b . Fibularis tertius c . Tibialis anterior d . CORRECT: Gracilis 416 . Hip ADduction Muscle (No Answer) a. Rectus femoris b . Gluteus minimus c . CORRECT: Adductor magnus d . Gluteus medius 417 . Sartorius Action (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Flexes leg at knee joint b . Flexor Compartment c . Gluteal tuberosity d . Extends the thigh 418 . Obturator internus Insertion (No Answer) a. The inferior third of the anterior surface of fibula b . The quadrate tubercle on the intertrochanteric crest of the femur c . The tibial part of sciatic nerve d . CORRECT: The medial surface of greater trochanter of femur 419 . Ligament of the knee joint (No Answer) a. Branch of sacral plexus b . Middle genicular artery c . CORRECT: Posterior cruciate ligament d . Gluteus maximus 420 . Lateral head of gastrocnemius Actions (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Plantar flexes the ankle when knee is extended b . Flexes the great toe at all joints c . Flexes leg at knee joint d . It innervates the muscle, gluteus maximus 421 . Hip ADduction Muscle (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Gracilis b . Gluteus maximus c . Vastus medialis d . Coccyx 422 . Adductor Magnus Origin (No Answer) a. The superior part of the medial surface of tibia b . The tibial part of sciatic nerve c . CORRECT: Hamstring part from the ischial tuberosity d . Medial inferior genicular artery 423 . Plantaris Nerve supply (No Answer) a. Transverse ligament b . CORRECT: The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) c . The superior gluteal nerve ( L4 L5 S1 ) d . Weakly flexes the knee 424 . Extensor digitorum longus Actions (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Extends lateral four digits b . Flexes lateral four digits c . Extends the thigh d . Extends leg at knee joint 425 . Posterior tibial artery (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Deep to the flexor retinaculum, it divides into a medial and a lateral plantar arteries, which supply the sole b . The nerve terminates by dividing into superficial and deep branches c . Next to the shoulder joint, it is the most movable of all joints d . Lies in the fascia lata, 4 cm inferolateral to the pubic tubercle. 426 . Adductor hallucis (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Has two heads, oblique head arises from the bases of 2nd, 3rd and 4th metatarsal bones and transverse head from the plantar ligaments of metatarsophalangeal joints b . The quadrate tubercle on the intertrochanteric crest of the femur c . It is a fusiform, two headed, two joint muscle, with a medial head slightly larger d . Is a small, fan shaped muscle, deeply placed in the superomedial part of the thigh 427 . Gracilis Nerve supply (No Answer) a. The posterior branch of the obturator nerve b . CORRECT: The anterior branch of obturator nerve c . Anterior division of obturator nerve d . The margins of the obturator foramen 428 . Fibularis longus (No Answer) a. The trochanteric fossa of the femur b . Lies between the superior and inferior gamelli muscles c . Superficial fibular nerve d . CORRECT: The longer and more superficial of the two fibularis muscles 429 . Anterior thigh Muscles a.k.a. (No Answer) a. Long plantar ligament b . CORRECT: Extensor Compartment c . Adductor magnus d . Adductor brevis 430 . Flexor hallucis longus (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Lies lateral to tibialis posterior muscle, arises from the inferior two-thirds of the posterior surface of fibula and inferior part of the interosseous membrane b . Lies deep to lateral head of gastrocnemius, arises from the inferior end of the lateral supracondylar line of femur and oblique popliteal ligament c . The inferior third of the anterior surface of fibula d . The lateral and posterior part of the inferior third of the leg and lateral side of the foot 431 . Tibial part of the sciatic nerve innervates the four hamstring muscles (muscles of the back of thigh). One of them is: (No Answer) a. The head of fibula b . Branch of sacral plexus c . CORRECT: Long head of biceps femoris d . Rectus femoris 432 . Medial plantar nerve (No Answer) a. It supplies two muscles, fibularis longus and fibularis brevis b . It supplies two muscles, superior gamellus and obturator internus c . Is a slender muscle, against the lateral surface of the tibia d . CORRECT: It supplies cutaneous branches to the medial three and a half digits 433 . Small saphenous vein (No Answer) a. Is a broad muscle, lies on the medial side, deep to semitendinosus b . Is a long, straplike muscle lies along the medial side of thigh and knee c . CORRECT: It ascends posterior to the lateral malleolus, along the lateral border of the tendocalcaneus d . It passes deep to the extensor retinaculum of the foot 434 . Tibialis anterior Origin (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Superior half of lateral surface of tibia b . The lateral condyle of tibia c . The superior part of the medial surface of tibia d . Extends lateral four digits 435 . Saphenous nerve (No Answer) a. Runs on the medial side of the tibia, with the great saphenous vein b . CORRECT: It also supplies the skin of the medial side of the foot as far as the head of the metatarsal c . It supplies the skin on the distal part of the anterior surface of the leg d . It skin of the major part of the dorsum of the foot 436 . Abductor hallucis Insertion (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The medial side of the base of proximal phalanx of the big toe ( hallux ) b . The medial surface of greater trochanter of femur c . The lateral side of base of proximal phalanx of 5th digit d . The largest terminal branch of the sciatic nerve 437 . Anterior leg Muscle (No Answer) a. Medial meniscus b . Abducts flexed thigh c . Vastus intermedius d . CORRECT: Tibialis anterior 438 . Tibial part of the sciatic nerve innervates the four hamstring muscles (muscles of the back of thigh). One of them is: (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Semitendinosus b . Saphenous nerve c . Popliteus d . Linea aspera 439 . Medial plantar artery (No Answer) a. The anterior branch of obturator nerve b . A branch of internal iliac artery c . Lateral superior genicular artery d . CORRECT: The smaller terminal branch of posterior tibial artery 440 . Obturator internus Origin (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The pelvis surface of obturator membrane and surrounding bones b . The largest cutaneous branch of the femoral nerve c . From the external surface of the obturator membrane d . The superior part of the medial surface of tibia 441 . Fibularis longus Nerve supply (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The superficial fibular (peroneal) nerve (L5 S1 S2) b . The medial plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) c . The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) d . The tibial nerve ( S2 S3 ) 442 . Gluteus medius Actions (No Answer) a. To some extent flexes the thigh b . Adducts the thigh c . CORRECT: Abducts and medially rotate the thigh d . Extends the great toe 443 . Superficial fibular nerve (No Answer) a. Lies between the superior and inferior gamelli muscles b . CORRECT: It supplies the skin on the distal part of the anterior surface of the leg c . From the middle part of the anterior surface of fibula d . From the anterior surface of sacrum 444 . Artery of the head of the femur. Branch of: (No Answer) a. Flexor Compartment b . Adductor longus c . CORRECT: The obturator artery d . Obturator externus 445 . Soleus Insertion (No Answer) a. The tendocalcaneus, attaches to the posterior surface of the calcaneus b . CORRECT: The tendocalcaneus and attaches to the posterior surface of the calcaneus c . From the middle part of the anterior surface of fibula d . The inferior third of the anterior surface of fibula 446 . Sciatic nerve (ventral rami of L4, L5, S1, S2 and S3) (No Answer) a. The anterior superior iliac spine and superior part of the notch below it b . CORRECT: The largest nerve in the body, has two components, media, tibial part and a lateral the common peroneal part c . Arises from the plantar surfaces of cuboid and lateral cuneiform d . The thickened part of the fascia lata on the lateral side of the thigh. 447 . Hip Flexor Muscle (No Answer) a. Everts the foot b . Gluteus Maximus c . CORRECT: Pectineus d . Vastus intermedius 448 . Gluteus maximus Origin (No Answer) a. Is the largest muscle in the adductor group b . CORRECT: From the iluim posterior to the posterior gluteal line c . The superior part of the medial surface of tibia d . Runs deep to the adductor longus 449 . First layer of the sole has three muscles (3 of 3) (No Answer) a. Rectus femoris b . CORRECT: Abductor digiti minimi c . Extensor digitorum brevis d . Gluteus maximus 450 . Obturator artery (No Answer) a. Is strong, permits the free movement of the hip joint b . It runs backwards into the posterior compartment of the thigh c . Longest cutaneous nerve of the body d . CORRECT: It enters the thigh supplies the adductor muscles of the thigh 451 . Cutaneous nerve of the thigh: (No Answer) a. The femoral nerve b . Vastus intermedius c . CORRECT: Ilioinguinal nerve ( L1 ) d . Long plantar ligament 452 . Quadriceps femoris: Vastus lateralis (No Answer) a. Arises from the plantar surfaces of cuboid and lateral cuneiform b . The medial lip of the linea aspera of the femur c . CORRECT: Arises from the greater trochanter and lateral lip of linea aspera of femur d . Arises from the adjacent sides of 1 to 5 metatarsal bones 453 . Ligament of the knee joint (No Answer) a. Linea aspera b . Gluteus minimus c . CORRECT: Lateral meniscus d . Extends the thigh 454 . Deep muscle group of the foot (4 of 4) (No Answer) a. Flexor hallucis brevis ( medial ) b . Flexes leg at knee joint c . Vastus lateralis d . CORRECT: Flexor hallucis longus 455 . Tibial part of the sciatic nerve innervates the four hamstring muscles (muscles of the back of thigh). One of them is: (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Semimembranosus b . Rectus femoris c . Sartorius d . Gluteus medius 456 . Gluteus maximus Actions (No Answer) a. Supplies the skin and fascia on the anterior and medial sides of the leg b . Also steadies hip joint and helps iliopsoas to flex the thigh c . The lateral sides of 2nd to 4th digits d . CORRECT: Steadies the thigh and assists in rising from sitting position 457 . Quadriceps femoris: Rectus femoris (No Answer) a. Arises from the greater trochanter and lateral lip of linea aspera of femur b . Arises from the adjacent sides of 1 to 5 metatarsal bones c . Begins in the inferior to the distal border of the popliteus d . CORRECT: Arises from the anterior inferior iliac spine superior to acetabulum 458 . Medial plantar (No Answer) a. CORRECT: It supplies cutaneous branches to the medial three and a half digits b . It supplies the muscles, abductor digit minimi and quadratus plantae c . The superior part of the medial surface of tibia d . It supplies the skin on the dorsum of the foot 459 . Second layer of the sole has two tendons (2 of 2) (No Answer) a. Tensor fascia lata b . CORRECT: Tendon of flexor digitorum longus c . Weak plantar flexor of the ankle d . Abductor digiti minimi 460 . Lumbricals Insertion (No Answer) a. The medial sides of bases of proximal phalanges of 3rd to 5th digits b . The smaller of the two branches of tibial nerve c . CORRECT: The medial aspect of dorsal digital expansion over the lateral four digits d . The medial surface of greater trochanter of femur 461 . Quadratus femoris Insertion (No Answer) a. By the femoral nerve and anterior branch of obturator nerve b . CORRECT: The quadrate tubercle on the intertrochanteric crest of the femur c . Arises from the lateral aspect of lateral condyle of femur d . The deep fibular ( peroneal ) nerve ( L4 L5 ) 462 . Arteries of the posterior thigh (No Answer) a. A four headed femoral muscle, consists of four parts. b . CORRECT: Profunda femoris (deep femoral) artery, is a branch of femoral artery c . From the middle part of the anterior surface of fibula d . The inferior third of the anterior surface of fibula 463 . Adductor hallucis Action (No Answer) a. It supplies the skin on the dorsum of the foot b . From the middle part of the anterior surface of fibula c . It adducts and flexes the thigh and assists in medial rotation of the thigh d . CORRECT: Adducts the big toe and assists maintaining transverse arch of the foot 464 . Cutaneous nerve of the thigh: (No Answer) a. The posterior branch of the obturator nerve b . CORRECT: Lateral cutaneous nerve of thigh (branch of lumbar plexus, runs all the way to the knee) c . Medial and lateral plantar nerves supply the sole of the foot d . The largest branch of internal iliac artery 465 . Cutaneous nerve of the thigh: (No Answer) a. The superior gluteal nerve (L4 L5) b . Lateral plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) c . The femoral nerve d . CORRECT: Iliohypogastric nerve ( L1 ) 466 . Fibular/Peroneal Compartment Muscles (No Answer) a. Gluteus maximus b . CORRECT: Fibularis brevis c . Adductor magnus d . Obturator externus 467 . Obturator Externus Insertion (No Answer) a. The femoral nerve ( L2 L3 L4 ) b . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve c . Everts the foot d . CORRECT: The trochanteric fossa of the femur 468 . Fibular/peroneal artery (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The largest and most important branch of the posterior tibial artery b . Superficial cutaneous branch of tibial nerve c . The anterior branch of obturator nerve d . One of the terminal branches of common fibular nerve 469 . Lateral plantar nerve (No Answer) a. The medial aspect of dorsal digital expansion over the lateral four digits b . CORRECT: The superficial branch supplies cutaneous branches to the lateral one and a half digits c . The superior part of the medial surface of tibia d . The most superficial gluteal muscle, is the largest and heaviest 470 . Lumbricals (No Answer) a. Posterior part of adductor magnus b . CORRECT: Four in number, arise from the tendons of flexor digitorum longus c . One of the terminal branches of common fibular nerve d . Runs above the superior border of piriformis 471 . Inferior gluteal artery (No Answer) a. The anterior superior iliac spine and superior part of the notch below it b . The pelvis surface of obturator membrane and surrounding bones c . The anterior superior iliac spine and anterior part of the iliac crest d . CORRECT: Supplies gluteus maximus, obturator internus, quadratus femoris and superior parts of hamstring muscles 472 . Quadratus plantae (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Arises from the medial surface and lateral margin of plantar surface of calcaneus b . It supplies the adductor brevis, adductor magnus and obturator externus c . From the anterior surface of sacrum d . The inferior third of the anterior surface of fibula 473 . Hip Flexor Muscle (No Answer) a. Iliopsoas b . Flexor digitorum longus c . CORRECT: Adductor longus d . Semimebranosus 474 . Cutaneous nerves of the foot: (No Answer) a. Weak plantar flexor of the ankle b . The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) c . CORRECT: Deep fibular nerve supplies the dorsum of the foot d . Longest cutaneous nerve of the body 475 . Pectineus Action (No Answer) a. Plantar flexes the ankle when knee is extended b . Arises from the bases and medial sides of metatarsals 3 to 5 c . It also supplies the knee joint and the popliteal artery d . CORRECT: It adducts and flexes the thigh and assists in medial rotation of the thigh 476 . Quadriceps femoris Nerve supply (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The femoral nerve ( L2 L3 L4 ) b . Steadies femoral head in acetabulum c . Saphenous nerve d . The lateral plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) 477 . Posterior branch (No Answer) a. The obturator artery b . Adductor longus c . Dorsiflexes the ankle d . CORRECT: Runs deep to the adductor brevis 478 . Nerve to the hip joint (No Answer) a. Plantar interossei b . Saphanous nerve c . Flexor Compartment d . CORRECT: Femoral nerve 479 . Gluteus maximus (No Answer) a. The largest terminal branch of the sciatic nerve b . Is a thin muscle, that lies deep c . The common peroneal part of the sciatic nerve d . CORRECT: The most superficial gluteal muscle, is the largest and heaviest 480 . Medial plantar artery (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Supplies mainly the muscles of the great toe and digital arteries supply the circulation of the toes b . Is formed by the union of branches form the tibial and common fibular nerves c . The pecton pubis of pectineal line of ilium on the superior ramus of pubis d . Sural nerve supplies the lateral aspect of the foot, including part of the heel 481 . Flexor digitorum longus Insertion (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The base of the distal phalanges of the lateral four digits b . Flexion of lateral four toes c . The medial aspect of dorsal digital expansion over the lateral four digits d . The posterior branch of the obturator nerve 482 . Hip ABduction Muscle (No Answer) a. Gracilis b . Gluteus Maximus c . CORRECT: Gluteus medius d . Tibialis anterior 483 . Gluteus minimus Actions (No Answer) a. The trochanteric fossa of the femur b . CORRECT: Abducts and medially rotate the thigh c . The lateral condyle of tibia d . To some extent flexes the thigh 484 . Gastrocnemius Action (No Answer) a. Deep femoral artery b . The ischial tuberosity c . Vastus lateralis d . CORRECT: Flexes leg at knee joint 485 . Piriformis Actions (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Laterally rotates extended thigh b . Adducts the thigh c . Helps to rotate it medially d . Extends the thigh 486 . Medial plantar (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The larger of the two terminal branches of the tibial nerve b . The posterior branch of the obturator nerve c . The posterior surface of tibia superior to the soleal line d . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve 487 . Gracilis Actions (No Answer) a. Adductor magnus b . CORRECT: Adducts the thigh c . Adductor brevis d . Abductor hallucis 488 . Profunda femoris artery (deep femoral artery) (No Answer) a. It passes deep to the extensor retinaculum of the foot b . Runs deep to the adductor brevis c . It supplies the skin on the dorsum of the foot d . CORRECT: It runs backwards into the posterior compartment of the thigh 489 . Third layer of the sole has three muscles (1 of 3) (No Answer) a. The tibial nerve ( S2 S3 ) b . CORRECT: Flexor hallucis brevis ( medial ) c . Psoas major is its medial part d . Ilioinguinal nerve ( L1 ) 490 . Superior gamellus Actions (No Answer) a. Medial head of gastrocnemius b . CORRECT: Steadies femoral head in acetabulum c . Deep femoral artery d . Lateral head of gastrocnemius 491 . Nerve to obturator internus ( L5 S1 S2 ) (No Answer) a. A branch of internal iliac artery b . Tensor fascia lata c . CORRECT: A branch of sacral plexus d . Branch of sacral plexus 492 . Quadratus femoris Nerve supply (No Answer) a. Quadratus femoris b . Sural nerve ( branch of tibial nerve ) c . CORRECT: The nerve to quadratus femoris ( L5 S1 ) d . Iliohypogastric nerve ( L1 ) 493 . Obturator artery (No Answer) a. Posterior cruciate ligament b . CORRECT: Passes through the obturator foramen c . The margins of the obturator foramen d . Lateral ligament 494 . Hip ABduction Muscle (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Gluteus minimus b . Adductor magnus c . Fibularis longus d . Pectineus 495 . Fibular/peroneal artery is the largest and most important branch of the: (No Answer) a. Flexes the leg b . Superficial fibular nerves c . CORRECT: Posterior tibial artery d . Everts the foot 496 . Hamstring Group (No Answer) a. Arises from the adjacent sides of 1 to 5 metatarsal bones b . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve c . CORRECT: Are extensors of the thigh and flexors of the leg, especially during walking d . The largest terminal branch of the sciatic nerve 497 . Gracilis Actions (No Answer) a. Laterally rotates extended thigh b . From the lateral condyle c . Two gamelli d . CORRECT: Helps to rotate it medially 498 . Popoliteal fossa Boundary Superomedially (No Answer) a. Vastus intermedius b . Saphenous nerve c . CORRECT: Semitendnosus and semimembranosus d . Popliteal artery and its branches 499 . Superficial fibular nerve (No Answer) a. The smaller of the two branches of tibial nerve b . The margins of the obturator foramen c . The smaller terminal branch of posterior tibial artery d . CORRECT: One of the terminal branches of common fibular nerve 500 . Short Head of Biceps Femoris (No Answer) a. Medial head of gastrocnemius b . CORRECT: Lies deep to the long head (not a hamstring muscle/part) c . Lies between the superior and inferior gamelli muscles d . The deep branch of lateral plantar nerve 501 . Tensor fascia lata (No Answer) a. It ascends posterior to the lateral malleolus, along the lateral border of the tendocalcaneus b . CORRECT: Is a fusiform muscle, lies on the anterolateral side of thigh, enclosed by the layers of the fascia lata c . It supplies cutaneous branches to the medial three and a half digits d . It is continued downwards, into the back of thigh as far as the popliteal fossa 502 . Hip Flexor Muscle (No Answer) a. Adductor brevis b . Fibularis longus c . Biceps femoris d . CORRECT: Sartorius 503 . One of the two muscles attached to the Iliotibial Tract. (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Tensor Fascia Lata b . Adductor brevis c . Deep femoral artery d . Flexor hallucis longus 504 . Lateral head of gastrocnemius Insertion (No Answer) a. From the middle part of the anterior surface of fibula b . It descends on the anterior surface of the membrane c . CORRECT: The tendocalcaneus and attaches to the posterior surface of calcaneus d . It supplies the skin on the distal part of the anterior surface of the leg 505 . Soleus Actions (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Steadies the leg on foot b . Saphenous nerve c . Extends the thigh d . Flexes leg at knee joint 506 . Abductor digiti minimi Insertion (No Answer) a. The larger terminal branch of the popliteal artery b . The medial surface of greater trochanter of femur c . The superior border of greater trochanter of femur d . CORRECT: The lateral side of base of proximal phalanx of 5th digit 507 . Tibial nerve ( L4 L5 S1 S2 S3 ) (No Answer) a. The largest cutaneous branch of the femoral nerve b . Transmits the great saphenous vein to enter the femoral vein. c . Popliteal artery and its branches d . CORRECT: It leaves the popliteal fossa between the two heads of gastrocnemius 508 . Fibularis ( peroneus ) tertius (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Is a separated part of the extensor digitorum longus arises b . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve c . Hamstring part from the ischial tuberosity d . The spiral line or pectineal line of femur 509 . Ligament of the ankle joint (No Answer) a. Gluteus minimus b . Obturator externus c . CORRECT: Lateral ligament d . Linea aspera 510 . Gluteus medius Actions (No Answer) a. Helps to rotate it medially b . CORRECT: Keeps pelvis level when opposite leg is raised c . The margins of the obturator foramen d . It supplies the flexor digiti minimi brevis 511 . Abductor hallucis Action (No Answer) a. Tendon of flexor digitorum longus b . Adducts the thigh c . CORRECT: Abducts and flexes the big toe ( hallux ) d . Extends the great toe 512 . Superficial fibular nerve (No Answer) a. CORRECT: It lies between the two fibular muscles, fibularis longus and fibularis brevis b . Runs above the superior border of piriformis c . Begins in the inferior to the distal border of the popliteus d . Flexes leg and rotates it laterally when knee is flexed 513 . Quadriceps femoris muscle: (No Answer) a. Tibialis anterior b . Gluteus maximus c . CORRECT: Vastus intermedius d . Biceps femoris 514 . Fibular/peroneal artery (No Answer) a. The superior part of the medial surface of tibia b . The superior gluteal nerve ( L4 L5 S1 ) c . CORRECT: Begins in the inferior to the distal border of the popliteus d . Steadies the head of the femur in acetabulum 515 . Internal pudendal artery (No Answer) a. Sacrotuberous ligament b . Vastus lateralis c . Flexes lateral four digits d . CORRECT: A branch of internal iliac artery 516 . Saphenous nerve (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The longest cutaneous nerve of the body, arises from the femoral nerve b . The adductor tubercle of the femur c . Lies inferior to piriformis, arises from the ischial spine d . One of the terminal branches of common fibular nerve 517 . Tensor fascia lata Actions (No Answer) a. Laterally rotates the thigh b . It supplies the skin on the dorsum of the foot c . CORRECT: It is the primary flexor of the thigh d . Weakly plantarflexes the ankle 518 . Nerves of the dorsum of the foot: (No Answer) a. Saphanous nerve b . Quadratus femoris c . Tibialis anterior d . CORRECT: Superficial fibular nerves 519 . Posterior branch (No Answer) a. It supplies the skin on the distal part of the anterior surface of the leg b . The posterior branch of the obturator nerve c . Posterior part of adductor magnus d . CORRECT: It supplies the adductor brevis, adductor magnus and obturator externus 520 . Small saphenous vein (No Answer) a. Arises from the lateral aspect of lateral condyle of femur b . The base of the distal phalanx of great toe ( big toe / hallux ) c . CORRECT: Arises on the lateral side of the foot from the union of the dorsal vein of the little toe and the dorsal venous arch d . The medial side of the base of proximal phalanx of the big toe ( hallux ) 521 . Anterior branch of obturator nerve (No Answer) a. Medial inferior genicular artery b . CORRECT: It also supplies the hip joint and femoral artery c . Steadies the head of the femur in acetabulum d . A branch of internal iliac artery 522 . Gastrocnemius Nerve supply (No Answer) a. Tensor fascia lata b . The head of fibula c . CORRECT: The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) d . Deep femoral artery 523 . Saphenous nerve (No Answer) a. Medial and lateral plantar nerves supply the sole of the foot b . Joins with the long head of biceps femoris and attaches to the head of fibula c . Transmits the great saphenous vein to enter the femoral vein. d . CORRECT: It runs with the great ( long ) saphanous vein, supplies the skin on the medial side of the leg and foot 524 . Hamstring Group (No Answer) a. It also supplies the skin of the medial side of the foot as far as the head of the metatarsal b . From the external surface of ilium, between anterior and posterior gluteal lines c . CORRECT: Has three muscles, long head of biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus and adductor magnus ( ischial fibers ) d . Lies superficial to sacrospinous ligament and it connects the lateral surface of sacrum to ischial tuberosity 525 . Hip joint (No Answer) a. Abducts and flexes the big toe ( hallux ) b . The groove on the posterior part of the medial condyle of tibia c . The superior part of the medial surface of tibia d . CORRECT: Next to the shoulder joint, it is the most movable of all joints 526 . Gracilis Insertion (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The superior part of the medial surface of tibia b . The superior border of greater trochanter of femur c . The inferior third of the anterior surface of fibula d . The largest branch of internal iliac artery 527 . Adductor Magnus Nerve supply (Hamstring Part) (No Answer) a. The deep branch of lateral plantar nerve b . The largest terminal branch of the sciatic nerve c . The posterior branch of the obturator nerve d . CORRECT: The tibial part of the sciatic nerve 528 . Second layer of the sole has two muscles (2 of 2) (No Answer) a. Gracilis b . Tibialis anterior c . Tensor fascia lata d . CORRECT: The four lumbricals 529 . Medial plantar nerve (No Answer) a. CORRECT: It runs on the lateral side of the medial plantar artery and terminates by dividing into sensory (cutaneous) branches b . The nerve terminates by dividing into superficial and deep branches c . Runs on the medial side of the tibia, with the great saphenous vein d . It passes through the gap in the upper part of the interosseous membrane 530 . Pubofemoral ligament (No Answer) a. Medial supracondylar line b . CORRECT: Prevents overabduction of the hip joint c . Longest cutaneous nerve of the body d . The adductor tubercle of the femur 531 . Hip Extensor Muscle (Hamstring) (No Answer) a. Gluteus maximus b . Gracilis c . Adductor longus d . CORRECT: Semimebranosus 532 . Semimembranosus Actions (No Answer) a. Extensor Compartment b . CORRECT: Extends the thigh c . Adducts the thigh d . Biceps femoris 533 . Dorsalis pedis artery/dorsal artery of the foot (No Answer) a. CORRECT: It is the direct continuation of the anterior tibial artery b . A branch of internal iliac artery c . The margins of the obturator foramen d . From the external surface of the obturator membrane 534 . Cutaneous nerve of the thigh: (Saphenous nerve) (No Answer) a. The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) b . Saphanous nerve c . Long head of biceps femoris d . CORRECT: Longest cutaneous nerve of the body 535 . Short Head of Biceps Femoris Actions (No Answer) a. Flexion of lateral four toes b . CORRECT: Flexes leg and rotates it laterally when knee is flexed c . Flexes leg at knee joint d . The superior border of greater trochanter of femur 536 . Superficial vein of the lower limb (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Great saphenous vein b . Gluteus maximus c . Gluteal tuberosity d . Unlocks the knee 537 . Obturator internus (No Answer) a. Semitendnosus and semimembranosus b . Lies inferior to inferior gamellus c . Runs deep to the adductor brevis d . CORRECT: Lies between the superior and inferior gamelli muscles 538 . Medial head of gastrocnemius Insertion (No Answer) a. The medial surface of greater trochanter of femur b . The superior part of the medial surface of tibia c . CORRECT: The tendocalcaneus, attaches to the posterior surface of the calcaneus d . From the middle part of the anterior surface of fibula 539 . Plantaris Actions (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Weakly assists gastrocnemius in plantarflexing the ankle b . Dorsiflexes the ankle c . Present approximately 3% of the people d . Iliacus is its lateral part 540 . Tensor fascia lata Actions (No Answer) a. Laterally rotates extended thigh b . Adducts the thigh c . Raises heel during walking d . CORRECT: Steadies the trunk on thigh 541 . Lateral head of gastrocnemius Actions (No Answer) a. Flexes the knee b . Extensor hallucis longus c . The head of fibula d . CORRECT: Raises heel during walking 542 . Semitendinosus Actions (No Answer) a. The tibial part of the sciatic nerve b . Laterally rotates extended thigh c . CORRECT: When thigh and leg are flexed, it can extend the trunk d . Steadies the head of the femur in acetabulum 543 . Lateral head of gastrocnemius Nerve supply (No Answer) a. Iliohypogastric nerve ( L1 ) b . The head of fibula c . The lateral plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) d . CORRECT: The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) 544 . Inferior gamellus Insertion (No Answer) a. The deep fibular ( peroneal ) nerve b . CORRECT: The medial surface of greater trochanter of femur c . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve d . The medial side of proximal phalanx of 2nd digit 545 . Soleus Nerve supply (No Answer) a. Obturator externus b . CORRECT: The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) c . Quadratus plantae d . Rectus femoris 546 . Cutaneous nerves of the foot: (No Answer) a. Quadratus plantae b . CORRECT: Saphanous nerve c . Great saphenous vein d . The femoral nerve 547 . Sacrotuberous ligament AND Sacrospinous ligament (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Convert the greater and lesser sciatic notches into greater and lesser sciatic foramina b . From the external surface of the obturator membrane c . Termination of sciatic nerve into tibial and commom peroneal nerves d . The medial surface of greater trochanter of femur 548 . Superior gamellus Nerve supply (No Answer) a. Longest cutaneous nerve of the body b . Obturator externus c . The popliteus muscle d . CORRECT: Nerve to obturator internus ( L5 S1 ) 549 . Cutaneous nerves of the leg: (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Superficial fibular/peroneal nerve (runs deep to peroneus longus muscle) b . Sural nerve ( branch of tibial nerve ) c . Medial plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) d . Is a broad muscle, lies on the medial side, deep to semitendinosus 550 . Branches of the dorsalis pedis artery (No Answer) a. Next to the shoulder joint, it is the most movable of all joints b . It supplies two muscles, fibularis longus and fibularis brevis c . It enters the thigh supplies the adductor muscles of the thigh d . CORRECT: Lateral tarsal artery supplies the extensor digitorum brevis and underlying tarsals and joints 551 . Plantar interossei (three) Action (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Adduct the 2 to 4 digits and flex metatarsophalangel joints b . Enters the gluteal region through greater sciatic foramen c . Runs deep to the adductor brevis d . Long head of biceps femoris 552 . Adductor longus (No Answer) a. Tendon of tibialis posterior b . Flexor hallucis brevis ( medial ) c . The medial surface of greater trochanter of femur d . CORRECT: A large, fan shaped muscle is located most anteriorly 553 . Nerves of the dorsum of the foot (No Answer) a. Calcaneal branches of the tibial and sural nerves supply the heel b . Supports longitudinal arches of the foot c . The spiral line or pectineal line of femur d . CORRECT: Medial and lateral plantar nerves supply the sole of the foot 554 . Adductor brevis Actions (No Answer) a. Flexes leg at knee joint b . The ischial tuberosity c . Laterally rotates extended thigh d . CORRECT: To some extent flexes the thigh 555 . Posterior cutaneous nerve of thigh: (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Branch of sacral plexus b . Tensor fascia lata c . A branch of sacral plexus d . Lateral head of gastrocnemius 556 . Extensor digitorum longus Origin (No Answer) a. Laterally rotates the thigh b . Lies on the lateral side of thigh c . CORRECT: The lateral condyle of tibia d . The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) 557 . Piriformis Actions (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Steadies femoral head in acetabulum b . Rectus femoris c . The four lumbricals d . Lateral head of gastrocnemius 558 . Fibularis ( peroneus ) tertius Origin (No Answer) a. Saphenous nerve b . Lateral ligament c . The four lumbricals d . CORRECT: Interosseous membrane 559 . Profunda femoris artery (deep femoral artery) (No Answer) a. Steadies the head of the femur in acetabulum b . The larger terminal branch of the posterior tibial artery accompanies the lateral plantar nerve c . CORRECT: Is the deep femoral artery, arises from the femoral artery, 5 cm below the inguinal ligament d . Is the major artery that supplies the lower extremity 560 . Obturator Externus (No Answer) a. The pecton pubis of pectineal line of ilium on the superior ramus of pubis b . Is a fusiform muscle that lies deep to the fibularis longus and is shorter c . It is the major source of blood supply to the toes d . CORRECT: Is a small, fan shaped muscle, deeply placed in the superomedial part of the thigh 561 . Adductor Magnus (No Answer) a. The margins of the obturator foramen b . The body and inferior ramus of pubis c . The trochanteric fossa of the femur d . CORRECT: It has two parts, adductor and hamstring parts 562 . Popoliteal fossa Boundary Superolaterally (No Answer) a. Soleus b . Gluteus Maximus c . CORRECT: Biceps femoris d . Adductor brevis 563 . Hip Flexor Muscle (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Tensor fascia lata b . Extensor Compartment c . Two gamelli d . Gracilis 564 . Superior gluteal artery (No Answer) a. By nerve to obturator internus ( L5 S1 ) b . Medial inferior genicular artery c . CORRECT: The largest branch of internal iliac artery d . Tensor fascia lata 565 . Nerve to the hip joint (No Answer) a. The popliteus muscle b . Tensor fascia lata c . CORRECT: Superior gluteal nerve d . Adductor Compartment 566 . Flexor digitorum longus Actions (No Answer) a. The tibial nerve ( S1 S2 ) b . Sacrotuberous ligament c . CORRECT: Supports longitudinal arches of the foot d . Posterior tibial artery 567 . Medial and lateral circumflex femoral arteries are branches of: (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Profunda femoris artery b . Abducts flexed thigh c . Deep femoral artery d . Saphenous nerve 568 . Second layer of the sole has two muscles (2 of 2) (No Answer) a. Tibialis posterior b . Obturator externus c . CORRECT: Dorsal interossei d . Obturator internus 569 . Hip Extensor Muscle (No Answer) a. Soleus b . Adductor longus c . Semitendinosus d . CORRECT: Gluteus maximus 570 . Superficial branch of lateral plantar nerve (No Answer) a. CORRECT: It supplies the flexor digiti minimi brevis b . Long head of biceps femoris c . The short head of biceps femoris d . Runs deep to the adductor brevis 571 . Tibialis anterior Origin (No Answer) a. CORRECT: From the lateral condyle b . Patellar ligament c . The popliteus muscle d . Flexion of lateral four toes 572 . Inferior gamellus Actions (No Answer) a. The obturator artery b . Obturator internus c . Long plantar ligament d . CORRECT: Laterally rotates extended thigh 573 . Accessory soleus (No Answer) a. Psoas major is its medial part b . It also weakly abducts the thigh laterally rotates it c . The superior part of the medial surface of tibia d . CORRECT: Usually apprears as a distal belly medial to the calcaneal tendon 574 . Medial head of gastrocnemius (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Arises from the popliteal surface of femur, superior to medial condyle b . Arises from the internal iliac artery, c . One of the terminal branches of common fibular nerve d . The tibial part of the sciatic nerve 575 . Pectineus nerve supply (No Answer) a. The inferior third of the anterior surface of fibula b . Lateral inferior genicular artery c . Steadies femoral head in acetabulum d . CORRECT: By the femoral nerve and anterior branch of obturator nerve 576 . Pectineus (No Answer) a. CORRECT: A flat quadrangular muscle located in the anterior and superomedial part of the thigh b . From the external surface of ilium, between the anterior and inferior gluteal lines c . Extends from the iliac crest to the lateral condyle of the tibia. d . All the four muscles of the anterior leg 577 . Deep Fascia (No Answer) a. The largest terminal branch of the sciatic nerve b . The common peroneal part of the sciatic nerve c . CORRECT: The _________ of the thigh is called fascia lata. d . The medial lip of the linea aspera of the femur 578 . Tibialis anterior Origin (No Answer) a. Inverts the foot b . Gluteus maximus c . Interosseous membrane d . CORRECT: Interosseous mebrnae 579 . Pectineus Insertion (No Answer) a. Supports medial longitudinal arches of foot b . CORRECT: The spiral line or pectineal line of femur c . The margins of the obturator foramen d . A branch of internal iliac artery 580 . Adductor Magnus Insertion (Adductor Part) (No Answer) a. Extends the thigh b . CORRECT: Gluteal tuberosity c . Rectus femoris d . Plantaris 581 . Sciatic nerve (ventral rami of L4, L5, S1, S2 and S3) (No Answer) a. It ascends posterior to the lateral malleolus, along the lateral border of the tendocalcaneus b . CORRECT: It emerges through the greater sciatic foramen, below the lower border of piriformis muscle c . Leaves the pelvis through greater sciatic foramen, superior to piriformis d . Arises from the greater trochanter and lateral lip of linea aspera of femur 582 . Obturator externus Actions (No Answer) a. Extends the thigh b . Adducts the thigh c . Inverts the foot d . CORRECT: Laterally rotates the thigh 583 . Medial thigh muscle (No Answer) a. Gluteus maximus b . Adductor longus c . Obturator internus d . CORRECT: Adductor magnus 584 . Quadriceps femoris muscle: (No Answer) a. Soleus b . CORRECT: Vastus medialis c . Gracilis d . Iliopsoas 585 . Deep fibular ( peroneal ) nerve supplies: (No Answer) a. Piriformis b . Posterior tibial artery c . Flexor digitorum brevis d . CORRECT: Extensor digitorum brevis 586 . Medial plantar artery (No Answer) a. Superficial fibular nerves b . CORRECT: Plantar digital arteries arise from this c . Flexion of lateral four toes d . Medial plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) 587 . Sartorius Origin (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The anterior superior iliac spine and superior part of the notch below it b . The anterior surface of the greater trochanter of femur c . The anterior branch of the obturator nerve d . The larger of the two terminal branches of the tibial nerve 588 . Flexor hallucis longus Actions (No Answer) a. Steadies femoral head in acetabulum b . The medial plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) c . CORRECT: Supports medial longitudinal arches of foot d . Posterior tibial artery 589 . Deep fibular nerve (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Passes deep to the extensor retinaculum b . Steadies femoral head in acetabulum c . Psoas major is its medial part d . Plantar flexes the ankle 590 . Short Head of Biceps Femoris Insertion (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Joins with the long head of biceps femoris and attaches to the head of fibula b . Arises from the plantar surfaces of cuboid and lateral cuneiform c . Transmits the great saphenous vein to enter the femoral vein. d . The lateral surface of greater trochanter of femur 591 . Long Head of Biceps Femoris Insertion (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Joins with the short head of biceps femoris and forms the common tendon, which inserts into the head of the fibula b . Sural nerve supplies the lateral aspect of the foot, including part of the heel c . The lateral and posterior part of the inferior third of the leg and lateral side of the foot d . It supplies the skin on the contiguous sides of the 1st and 2nd toes 592 . Gluteus maximus Origin (No Answer) a. Everts the foot b . Sacrotuberous ligament c . CORRECT: Dorsal surface of sacrum d . Gracilis 593 . Cutaneous nerve of the thigh: (No Answer) a. The margins of the obturator foramen b . The posterior branch of the obturator nerve c . CORRECT: Medial cutaneous nerve of thigh (branch of femoral nerve) d . The larger of the two terminal branches of the tibial nerve 594 . Anterior branch of obturator nerve (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Runs deep to the adductor longus b . Flexor digitorum longus c . Steadies the trunk on thigh d . Raises heel during walking 595 . Hip Muscle for Lateral Rotation (No Answer) a. Gracilis b . CORRECT: Two gamelli c . Popliteus d . Medial meniscus 596 . Fibularis longus Insertion (No Answer) a. CORRECT: The tendon grooves in the cuboid bone and into the base of I metatarsal and medial cuneiform b . The posterior surface of tibia superior to the soleal line c . Begins in the inferior to the distal border of the popliteus d . Abduct the digits 2 to 4 and flex the metatarsophalangeal joints 597 . Flexor hallucis brevis Insertion (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Both sides of base of proximal phalanx of big toe (hallux) b . Steadies femoral head in acetabulum c . It is a branch of sacral plexus d . The lateral side of base of proximal phalanx of 5th digit 598 . Cutaneous nerve of the thigh: (Saphenous nerve) (No Answer) a. Superior gluteal nerve b . A branch of sacral plexus c . Deep femoral artery d . CORRECT: Branch of femoral nerve 599 . Popliteal artery (No Answer) a. CORRECT: It ends at the inferior border of the popliteus by dividing into the anterior and posterior tibial arteries b . Lateral tarsal artery supplies the extensor digitorum brevis and underlying tarsals and joints c . The smallest terminal branch of the popliteal artery, supplies structures in the anterior compartment d . The thickened part of the fascia lata on the lateral side of the thigh. 600 . Short Head of Biceps Femoris Origin (No Answer) a. The lateral side of base of proximal phalanx of 5th digit b . The medial lip of the linea aspera of the femur, above the insertion of adductor longus c . CORRECT: The lateral lip of the linea aspera and lateral supracondylar line of femur d . The dorsum of the base of the 5th metatarsal bone 601 . Iliopsoas (No Answer) a. Dlexes the leg and rotate it medially when the knee is flexed b . The base of the distal phalanx of great toe ( big toe / hallux ) c . It adducts and flexes the thigh and assists in medial rotation of the thigh d . CORRECT: The chief flexor of the thigh, when the thigh is flexed, it flexes the trunk on the hip 602 . Ischiofemoral ligament (No Answer) a. Arises from the medial tuberosity of calceneus, flexor retinaculum and plantar aponeurosis b . CORRECT: Arises from the ischial part of the acetabular rim and spirals superolaterally to the neck of the femur and medial surface of the greater trochanter c . Arises from the medial surface and lateral margin of plantar surface of calcaneus d . Joins with the long head of biceps femoris and attaches to the head of fibula 603 . Medial circumflex femoral artery. Branch of: (No Answer) a. CORRECT: Deep femoral artery b . Flexes the knee c . Adductor longus d . Middle genicular artery 604 . Obturator internus Nerve supply (No Answer) a. CORRECT: By nerve to obturator internus ( L5 S1 ) b . Accessory obturator nerve (if present) c . The tibial nerve ( L4 L5 S1 ) d . The medial plantar nerve ( S2 S3 ) 605 . Deep muscle group of the foot (1 of 4) (No Answer) a. Saphanous nerve b . Semitendinosus c . Vastus intermedius d . CORRECT: Popliteus 606 . Popliteus Insertion (No Answer) a. From the iluim posterior to the posterior gluteal line b . CORRECT: The posterior surface of tibia superior to the soleal line c . The anterior branch of obturator nerve d . The larger of the two terminal branches of the tibial nerve ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2011 for the course ANAT 1615 taught by Professor Samueldemons during the Fall '10 term at Life Chiropractic College West.

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ANAT 1615 Final Exam Practice Test (Lower Extremity) With Answers

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