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Unformatted text preview: Palpation and Landmarks Spinal Landmarks 1. Styloid process: mistaken for TP of Atlas 2. Mastoid process: missing at birth, easily palpable, just posterior to styloid 3. Mandible: angle (gonion), reference for atlas TP 4. C2: first palpable spinous process 5. External occipital protuberance (EOP): axis spine 2? inferior 6. Atlas TP: slightly posterior to & inferior to the mastoid 7. C3: hyoid bone; usual level of bifurcation of carotid artery 8. C4 & C5: thyroid cartilage 9. C6: cricoid cartilage: C6 is the last freely movable vertebra upon extension & it moves anteriorly! 10. C7: ?Vertebra prominens? or usually the most prominent @70%; other 30% is either C6 or T1. C7 does not move during extension. 11. T1: posterior border of thoracic inlet 12. T2: superior angle of scapula 13. T2/T3: anteriorly = jugular notch; posteriorly = scapular spine & space between 1st & 2nd thoracic spinous processes 14. T3: root of spine of scapula 15. T3/T4 bodies: body of manubrium 16. T4/T5 IVD or space between 3rd &4th thoracic spinous processes : level of sternal angle (rib 2 attaches 16....
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2011 for the course ANAT 1607 taught by Professor Johnh.romfh during the Winter '10 term at Life Chiropractic College West.
- Winter '10