ANAT 1607 Final Exam Practice Questions

ANAT 1607 Final Exam Practice Questions - Musculoskeletal...

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Musculoskeletal Gross Practice Questions 1. The vertebral column consists of how many vertebrae? 33 2. How is it divided up? 7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 fused sacral, and 4 fused coccygeal 3. What is the function of the vertebral column? Protects the spinal cord, supports the weight of the head and trunk, and allows movement of the rib cage for respiration by articulating with the ribs. 4. What are the primary curvatures and when do they develop? Thoracic and sacral regions, they develop during embryonic and fetal periods. 5. What are the secondary curvatures and when do they develop? Cervical and lumbar regions, they develop after birth and during infancy. 6. What is kyphosis or hunchback and what can it result from? Abnormally increased thoracic curvature resulting from osteoporosis. 7. What is lordosis or saddle back and what can it result from? Abnormally increased lumbar curvature resulting from trunk muscular weakness or osteomalacia. 8. What is scoliosis and what can it result from? A condition of lateral deviation resulting from unequal growth of the vertebral column, pathological erosion of vertebral bodies, or asymmetric paralysis or weakness of vertebral muscles. 9. What does a typical vertebra consist of? A body and a vertebral arch with several processes for muscular and articular attachments 10. What is a body and what do thoracic bodies consist of? A short cylinder, supports weight, and is separated and also bound together by the intervertebral disks, forming the cartilaginous joints. It consists of costal facets or processes of the thoracic vertebrae anterior to the pedicles, which articulate with the heads of the corresponding and subjacent (just below) ribs. 11. What is spondylolisthesis? Is a forward displacement of a vertebra on the one below. 12. What does a vertebral (neural) arch consist of and what does it form? Consists of paired pedicles laterally and paired laminae posteriorly. Forms the vertebral foramen with the vertebral body and protects the spinal cord and associated structures. 13. What is spina bifida? A developmental anomaly characterized by defective closure of the vertebral arch. Spina bifida occulta - small tuft of hair over affected area. Spina bifida cystica - herniation of meninges. 14. Describe a spinous process?
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Musculoskeletal Gross Practice Questions Projects posteriorly from the junction of two laminae of the vertebral arch. Is bifid in cervical region, spine-like in thoracic region, and oblong in the lumbar region. 15. Describe a transverse process? Project laterally on each side from the junction of the pedicle and the lamina. Articulate with the tubercles of ribs 1 to 10 in the thoracic region.
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2011 for the course ANAT 1607 taught by Professor Johnh.romfh during the Winter '10 term at Life Chiropractic College West.

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ANAT 1607 Final Exam Practice Questions - Musculoskeletal...

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