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Unformatted text preview: Urbanization Trends Urbanization Trends SOC/120 Jamie Jordan July 22, 2011 Christine Teramoto 1 Urbanization Trends This paper is about the organizational trend in poor countries and what causes urbanization in these poor countries. According to Macionis 2006 Urbanization is the concentration of humanity into cities. Urbanization both redistributes population within a society and transforms many patterns of social life. Living in socioeconomically disadvantaged areas is associated with increased childhood mortality risks. As city living becomes the predominant social context in low- and middle-income countries, the resulting rapid urbanization together with the poor economic circumstances of these countries greatly increases the risks of mortality for children 5 years of age (under-5 mortality).(Antai, Moradi, 2010) In this study we examined the trends in urban population growth and urban under-5 mortality between 1983 and 2003 in Nigeria. We assessed whether urban area socioeconomic disadvantage has an impact on under-5 mortality. Methods: Urban under-5 mortality rates were directly estimated from the 1990, 1999, and 2003 Nigeria Demographic and Health Surveys. Multilevel logistic regression analysis was performed on data for 2,118 children nested within data for 1,35Moradi, 2010)0 mothers, who were in turn nested within data...
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