IS #15 - InternationalStudies#15 16:08...

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International Studies #15 16:08 I. Counterinsurgency Redux Finish Frontline Video Win over the population Distinguish among the Taliban who is willing to compromise and talk and who is not Distinguish between the Taliban and Al Queda Looks at risks that counterinsurgency creates for troops   you need to have personal  relationships with people but that increases risks II. Introduction to Afghanistan Case History “Graveyard of Empires” Challenge of reconstruction and counterinsurgency Central theme is the complexity, even within the terrain, make control,  counterinsurgency, and reconstruction very difficult Recurring theme from people who have spent time in Afghanistan is that it they are a  very different people from us and a population centered counterinsurgency plan is very  difficult Fierce Debate in Foreign Policy Policy is central to the US but also subject to debate throughout the world Counterinsurgency is not only an American issue Implications for Future of Security, “Failed States,” Insurgency and  Terrorism Afghanistan as a “failed state”   there is an inability for the central government to have  effective control over their territory III. Afghanistan Overview Economy and Demography Neighbors: Pakistan, Iran, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan
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Large territory and fairly spread out Agriculture, opium, and mining (tremendous mineral deposits) Ethnic Makeup One of the important issues in Afghanistan is it’s a multiethnic society and there are  heavy pockets of ethnic concentrations throughout III. Pre-Soviet Invasion Super Brief History Early 20 th  Century Independence from Britain Political instability and struggle for control follow Early Instability followed by Pashtun Dynastic Rule Pashtun are dominant for the next 50 years Series of Coups and Army Takeovers Occur in 1970s IV. Soviet Period (1979-1989) Soviet Invasion to prop up Communist leaning government Uzbekistan and Tajikistan were under Soviet control and they wanted to spread their  control over neighboring countries Major Refugee outflow, principally to Pakistan Mujahadeen anti-Soviet Forces Coalition of Afghan Forces Forces from all over the country that were aligned  International Jihadists Jihadists were attracted to the Mujahadeen fight.  They felt you could make a stand  against anti-Islamic forces.   Pakistan, US, Saudi support for Mujahedeen
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IS #15 - InternationalStudies#15 16:08...

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