IS #16 - InternationalStudies#16 22:22 Introduction...

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International Studies #16 22:22 Introduction Post Cold War emergence New field in practice and in literature History of PCR Marshall Plan Aftermath of WWII, money went to revive the economies in Europe Given credit for the successful rebuilding of Western Europe Soviet Union decided not to take place in this plan Very few multilateral attempts made Bilateral (aid between one country and another   ex: US giving money to Ghana)  attempts were common and having NGOs involved Cold War End of Cold War Democracy is the way forward, open markets are good Paris talks about how liberalization and democratization were the dominant forces post  CW.  Everyone wanted countries to rebuild as democracies. You even see this at the level of the UN, “peacekeeping alone does not ensure  everlasting peace… democratization and marketization are clearly the way forward” Definitions Peacemaking Actions that bring together hostile parties.  The action of resolving the conflict. Peacekeeping Follows peacemaking.  These are lightly armed missions designed to keep peace. Post-conflict Peacebuilding After you have your seize fire.  Attempts to identify and support structure that will help  maintain peace.  Concerned with preventing a reoccurrence.  Peace Enforcement Threat or use of mission to end conflict with some military might.  (this is what people  imagine for Darfur) Think peacekeeping but with big guns. Post-conflict Reconstruction in Action
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Emerging cases Namibia Role of the UN UN came in an monitored the transition in Namibia.  Mainly disarmed and demobilized  insurgents.  From this point forward UN took a more active present and role in 
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2011 for the course POLI SCI 101 taught by Professor Mayer during the Fall '08 term at Wisconsin.

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IS #16 - InternationalStudies#16 22:22 Introduction...

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