IS #18 - InternationalStudies#18 17:04 I.Introduction

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International Studies #18 17:04 I. Introduction Former name Zaire, former Belgian colony Most Deadly War since World War II 5 million civilians have died as direct or indirect (due to the devastation the war caused)  causes of the war  Worst of civil wars Civilians have suffered the most Mix of International, National, Local Factors Neighbors of Congo also involved 8 states involved Domestic actors trying to take control of the Congolese state Case Study for Sections in this Course Civil War, Post-Conflict Reconstruction, Peacekeeping, COIN(?) Dynamics of what is happening in the Congo are related to contemporary theories on  why civil wars start and last How do you manage the rebuilding of a society that has been completely devastated II. Background to Catastrophic War State Deterioration, 1970-1996 Achieved independence from Belgium in 1960  Mobutu Sese Seko, 1965-1996 Arrival of military general (Seko) who becomes president.  Very charismatic.  He took  over at a time when there was no straight road from East to West and about 15  Congolese had a college degree.  His rule was a kleptochracy (focused around stealing) From 1970 to early 1990s   slow deterioration and rotting of Congo.  Did not work on  the institutions and infrastructure of the company.   Cold War Ally Anti-Communist Western countries were providing Mobutu with lots of aid and support which partly  explains why he survived as long as he did Mineral Wealth and Political Economy Natural resources were used to make Mobutu and important government officials VERY  wealthy
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2011 for the course POLI SCI 101 taught by Professor Mayer during the Fall '08 term at Wisconsin.

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IS #18 - InternationalStudies#18 17:04 I.Introduction

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