IS 17 - InternationalStudies#17 17:00 1.Introduction...

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International Studies #17 17:00 1. Introduction Why It Matters Today there are 16 UN peacekeeping missions The UN has provided more soldiers to any state (with the exception of the US) post  WWII OED Definition: “The action of keeping or maintaining peace; specifically   the active  maintenance of a truce between hostile states, communities, factions, etc., esp. by  external military forces.” Deployment of some personnel to a state that has experienced some level of conflict  with the purpose of preventing new hostilities  Peace keepers are neutral forces 2. Peacekeeping: Empirical Overview Extent: Over Time Trend Started in the 1940s but really took off in 1990s (In the past 20 years 40+ missions while  in the previous 40 years only 18 missions) Current Operations The avg. peacekeeping mission size is much larger now than it was twenty years ago  (10x) Who Pays? UN Peacekeeping is the largest expense at the UN ($8 billion) US pays 27%; Japan 12%; France, Germany, Italy, UK all about 7 – 8% Who Contributes Troops? Often the UN contributes the most Top: Bangladesh, Pakistan, India, Niger, Rwanda, …. Basically South Asia Some places (ex: US) don’t want to pay the political price of sending their troops to  Chad or wherever so they give money.  They are using an IO to do the work they don’t 
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IS 17 - InternationalStudies#17 17:00 1.Introduction...

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