IS 101 #5 - InternationalStudies#5 16:02...

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International Studies #5 16:02 Introduction and Examples Afghanistan Voting images (covered heads) South Africa System of apartheid was broken down and has had multi racial elections since the mid  1990s.   Zimbabwe Colonized by the British but broke away in 1980 and was doing well in the 1990s,  however Mugabe stayed on too long and because an authoritarian, repressive system. Former Yugoslavia As the country transitions to an open political system it spurs conflict between the Serbs  and Cruets(?).  Negative example of democratization. Iraq Pre Sadam Hussein, closed political system.  Now what?  How do you place power in  an divided society?  Ethnic fears are mobilized between Shiites, Kurds, and Sunnis. Iran Implications: promise, risk, and variation in democratic stability Can give people more freedom to speak, write, etc.  In America we don’t really  understand what it’s like to live in an authoritarian system where you need to fear your  every action.  However, there can be deep disappointments (ex: Afghanistan, Iran, and  Zimbabwe) or it can lead to negative implications (ex: Yugoslavia and Rwanda in the  mid 1990’s). Why does a transition to democracy succeed in some places and in other places it does  not last/succeed? Democracy and Globalization “End of History” The idea of a democratic political system has become the model for how to structure  political systems.  It has become the ideal in the post Cold War setting.  This was not  the case in the 1980’s. Democracy Promotion and Its Critics
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Certain states actively promote democracy.  It is an explicit pillar of US and European  foreign policy.  They make the distribution of aid conditional (called aid conditionality) on  the promise that you will liberalize your political system.  They also fund civil society 
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2011 for the course POLI SCI 101 taught by Professor Mayer during the Fall '08 term at Wisconsin.

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IS 101 #5 - InternationalStudies#5 16:02...

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