Unit 8 - de_Beauvoir_Second_Sex_&_Intros(1)

Unit 8 - de_Beauvoir_Second_Sex_&_Intros(1) -...

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Simone de Beauvoir Introductions (from: Wikipedia. com) Simone de Beauvoir (January 9, 1908- April 14, 1986) was a French author, philosopher, and feminist. Born in Paris, France, she eventually studied at the elite École Normale Supérieure where, in 1929, she met Jean-Paul Sartre. In 1981 she wrote '' La Cérémonie Des Adieux ( A Farewell to Sartre ), a painful account of Sartre's last years. Beauvoir has come to be seen as the mother of post-1968 feminism, with philosophical writings linked to, though independent of, Sartrian existentialism. She is best known for her work Le Deuxième Sexe ( The Second Sex , 1949) which contained detailed analysis of women's oppression. Simone de Beauvoir died of pneumonia on April 14, 1986 and was buried alongside Sartre at the Cimetière du Montparnasse in Paris, France. * * * (from: Existentialism , edited by Robert C. Solomon, Modern Library, 1974, p. 280) In The Second Sex de Beauvoir has applied the concepts of freedom and universality to a concrete though universal ethical problem in what must count as one of the most insightful socio-philosophical treatises of the century . The problem is woman; What is a woman? What is it for a woman to be a woman as well as a human being? In de Beauvoir’s analysis the apparatus of existential philosophy is used to destroy both the views that a woman is a woman (has an essence which defines her actions, feelings, roles) and the equally deceptive doctrine that a woman is only a human being, without distinctive features that distinguishes her from men. * * * (from: http://www.philosophypages.com/ph/beav.htm) In Le Deuxième Sexe ( The Second Sex ) (1949), de Beauvoir traced the development of male oppression through historical, literary, and mythical sources, attributing its contemporary effects on women to a systematic objectification of the male as a positive norm. This consequently identifies the female as Other , which commonly leads to a loss of social and personal identity, the variety of alienation unique to the experience of women. Her works of fiction focus on women who take responsibility for themselves by making life-altering decisions, and the many volumes of her own autobiography exhibit the application of similar principles in reflection on her own experiences. * * * The Second Sex by Simone de Beauvoir de Beauvoir, Second Sex , Page 1
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(from: http://www.marxists.org/reference/subject/philosophy/works/fr/debeauv.htm -- The Second Sex , by Simone de Beauvoir, translated by H.M. Parshley, Knopf, 1952; from the Introduction ) Woman as Other FOR a long time I have hesitated to write a book on woman. The subject is irritating, especially to women; and it is not new. Enough ink has been spilled in quarrelling over feminism, and perhaps we should say no more about it. It is still talked about, however, for the voluminous nonsense uttered during the last century seems to have done little to illuminate the problem. After all, is there a problem? And if so, what is it? Are there
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Unit 8 - de_Beauvoir_Second_Sex_&_Intros(1) -...

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